This is the first volume of "European Perspectives in Psychology" which encompasses a selection of papers presented at the First European Congress of Psychology, July 1989. Almost 2000 psychologists, the majority of whom were from West and East European countries, gathered in Amsterdam to participate in the first of what is hoped to be a series of European conferences in psychology. The papers in this volume address aspects of psychometrics, as well as theoretical, developmental, educational, cognitive, personality and gerontological psychology.
Part 1 Theoretical psychology and psychometrics: unifying psychology - a European view, Adriaan D. de Groot; G. Rasch's concept of specific objectivity, Gerhard H. Fischer; extension and evaluation of the Humphreys/Hulin emic item identification hypothesis using item response theory, Barbara B. Ellis; further evidence on the invalidity of self-reported consistency, Manfred Schmitt; ambiguity of Italian probability expressions - biasing effect of context, Franca Agnoli and Federica Durano. Part 2 Personality psychology: how European is personality psychology in Europe?, Hans Thomae; personality research in the 90s, David Magnusson; disgust in relation to emotionality, extraversion, psychoticism and imagery abilities, Jadwiga Wronska; ego identity and moral development in college men and women, Eva E. Skoe. Part 3 Developmental psychology: how European is development psychology in Europe?, Franz E. Weinert; a viable developmental psychology in the 90s by way of renewed respect for tradition, Willem Koops; guilt and shame experiences in elementary school-age children, Tamara J. Ferguson et al; the classification of specific developmental disorders - an alternative to DSM and ICD, Thom A. van Yperen and Jan Rispens. Part 4 Educational psychology: acquiring and teaching cognitive skills - a state-of-the-art of theory and research, Erid de Corte; emotion and motivation in educational psychology - general and European perspectives, Reinhard Pekrun; motivation and performance, Klaus Schneider; locus of control and academic achievement among secondary students - a refutation of a theoretical expectation, Jose H. Barros et al; rotational complexity effects on problem solving strategies in children and adults, Agustin L. Monivas and Javier S. Sainz. Part 5 Cognitive psychology: sequentially designed stimulation in studying effects of stimulus discriminability and attention on long latency auditory responses, Sirel Karakas and Pekcan Ungan; classical conditioning with human subjects, Harald Lachnit et al; the production of adverbial and relative clauses, Helen L. Petrie; the insensitivity of the semantic relatedness effect to surface differences and its implications, Joseph Tzelgov and Avishai Henik; differential analysis of the gender in the achievement of subjects at the beginning of formal learning, F. Javier Rodriquez-Diaz et al; a policy capturing approach to the measurement of cognitive complexity, Gudela F. Grote and Lawrence R. James; mental effort - strategies and efficiency, Fred Zijlstra et al.