Statistical Physics (Manchester Physics Series) (2 SUB)

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Statistical Physics (Manchester Physics Series) (2 SUB)

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780471915331
  • DDC分類 530.13

Full Description


The Manchester Physics Series General EditorsA. C. Phillips Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manchester Properties of Matter B. H. Flowers and E. Mendoza Optics Second Edition F. G. Smith and J. H. Thomson Statistical Physics Second Edition E. Mandl Electromagnetism Second Edition I. S. Grant and W. R. Phillips Statistics R. J. Barlow Solid State Physics Second Edition J. R. Hook and H. E. Hall Quantum Mechanics F. Mandl Particle Physics Second Edition B. R. Martin and G. Shaw The Physics of Stars Second Edition A. C. Phillips Computing for Scientists R. J. Barlow and A. R. Barnett Statistical Physics, Second Edition develops a unified treatment of statistical mechanics and thermodynamics, which emphasises the statistical nature of the laws of thermodynamics and the atomic nature of matter. Prominence is given to the Gibbs distribution, leading to a simple treatment of quantum statistics and of chemical reactions. Undergraduate students of physics and related sciences will find this a stimulating account of the basic physics and its applications.Only an elementary knowledge of kinetic theory and atomic physics, as well as the rudiments of quantum theory, are presupposed for an understanding of this book. Statistical Physics, Second Edition features:A fully integrated treatment of thermodynamics and statistical mechanics.A flow diagram allowing topics to be studied in different orders or omitted altogether.Optional "starred" and highlighted sections containing more advanced and specialised material for the more ambitious reader.Sets of problems at the end of each chapter to help student understanding. Hints for solving the problems are given in an Appendix.

Table of Contents

  The First Law of Thermodynamics
Macroscopic Physics 1 (3)
Some Thermal Concepts 4 (6)
The First Law 10 (11)
Magnetic Work 21 (10)
Summary 28 (1)
Problems 1 29 (2)
The Second Law of Thermodynamics I
The Direction of Natural Processes 31 (3)
The Statistical Weight of a Macrostate 34 (6)
Equilibrium of an Isolated System 40 (8)
The Schottky Defect 48 (4)
Equilibrium of a System in a Heat Bath 52 (16)
Summary 64 (2)
Problems 2 66 (2)
Paramagnetism
A Paramagnetic Solid in a Heat Bath 68 (7)
The Heat Capacity and the Entropy 75 (2)
An Isolated Paramagnetic Solid 77 (1)
Negative Temperature 78 (5)
Problems 3 81 (2)
The Second Law of Thermodynamics II
The Second Law for Infinitesimal Changes 83 (6)
The Clausius Inequality 89 (3)
Simple Applications 92 (5)
Heating Water 93 (1)
Melting Ice 94 (1)
Temperature Equalization 94 (1)
Isothermal Compression of a Perfect Gas 95 (2)
The Helmholtz Free Energy 97 (2)
Other Thermodynamic Potentials 99 (3)
Maximum Work 102(3)
The Third Law of Thermodynamics 105(4)
The Third Law (continued) 109(6)
Summary 111(2)
Problems 4 113(2)
Simple Thermodynamic Systems
Other Forms of the Second Law 115(2)
Heat Engines and Refrigerators 117(6)
The Difference of Heat Capacities 123(2)
Some Properties of Perfect Gases 125(5)
The Entropy 125(1)
The Entropy of Mixing 126(4)
Some Properties of Real Gases 130(9)
The Joule Effect 130(2)
The Joule--Thomson Effect 132(5)
The Counter--Current Heat Exchanger 137(2)
Adiabatic cooling 139(8)
Problems 5 145(2)
The Heat Capacity of Solids
Introductory Remarks 147(2)
Einstein's Theory 149(8)
Derivation of Einstein's Result 149(6)
Comparison of Einstein's Result with 155(2)
Experiment
Debye's Theory 157(9)
Derivation of Debye's Result 157(5)
Comparison of Debye's Result with 162(2)
Experiment
Problems 6 164(2)
The Perfect Classical Gas
The Definition of the Perfect Classical Gas 166(3)
The Partition Function 169(6)
Validity Criterion for the Classical Regime 175(3)
The Equation of State 178(1)
The Heat Capacity 179(2)
The Entropy 181(3)
The Maxwell Velocity Distribution 184(7)
Real Gases 191(13)
Classical Statistical Mechanics 204(14)
The Equipartition of Energy 210(4)
Problems 7 214(4)
Phase Equilibria
Equilibrium Conditions 218(3)
Alternative Derivation of the Equilibrium 221(2)
Conditions
Discussion of the Equilibrium Conditions 223(3)
The Clausius--Clapeyron Equation 226(4)
Applications of the Clausius--Clapeyron 230(2)
Equation
Pressure Dependence of the Melting Point 230(1)
Pressure Dependence of the Boiling Point 231(1)
The Vapour Pressure Curve 231(1)
The Critical Point 232(7)
Problems 8 237(2)
The Perfect Quantal Gas
Introductory Remarks 239(1)
Quantum Statistics 240(4)
The Partition Function 244(2)
Problems 9 245(1)
Black-Body Radiation
Introductory Remarks 246(1)
The Partition Function for Photons 247(2)
Planck's Law: Derivation 249(2)
The Properties of Black-Body Radiation 251(5)
The Thermodynamics of Black-Body Radiation 256(5)
Problems 10 259(2)
Systems with Variable Particle Numbers
The Gibbs Distribution* 261(4)
The FD and BE Distributions* 265(7)
Fluctuations in a Perfect Gas 270(2)
The FD and BE Distributions: Alternative 272(9)
Approach*
The Classical Limit 281(2)
The Free Electron Model of Metals 283(9)
The Fermi--Dirac Energy Distribution 284(6)
The Electronic Heat Capacity of Metals 290(2)
Bose--Einstein Condensation 292(7)
Thermodynamics of the Gibbs Distribution 299(4)
Fluctuations of Particle Numbers 301(2)
The Perfect Classical Gas 303(1)
Chemical Reactions 304(13)
Conditions for Chemical Equilibrium 305(2)
Law of Mass Action 307(3)
Heat of Reaction 310(3)
Pressure Dependence of the Reaction 313(1)
Equilibrium
Problems 11 314(3)
A MATHEMATICAL RESULTS
A.1 Stirling's Formula 317(1)
A.2 Evaluation 318(3)
A.3 Some Kinetic Theory Integrals 321(3)
B THE DENSITY OF STATES
B.1 The General Case 324(7)
B.2 The Schrodinger Equation 331(1)
B.3 Electromagnetic Waves 332(1)
B.4 Elastic Waves in a Continuous Solid 333(3)
C MAGNETIC SYSTEMS 336(4)
D HINTS FOR SOLVING PROBLEMS 340(34)
Bibliography 374(5)
Index 379