Power Plant System Design -- Hardback

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Power Plant System Design -- Hardback

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版
  • 商品コード 9780471888475

Full Description


An introduction to the overall design of power plant systems, focusing on system rather than component design. Examines thermal aspects of systems and the desicions necessary to produce optimal power plant design. Includes appropriate computer methodology. Suitable for introductory courses in mechanical engineering.

Table of Contents

  Introduction                                     1  (20)
Introduction 1 (4)
Coal-Fired Power Plants 5 (4)
Other Electric Power Generating Systems 9 (6)
Engineer's Roles in Power Generation 15 (3)
Outline of this Text 18 (3)
Power Plant Thermodynamic Cycles 21 (69)
Thermodynamic Principles 21 (6)
Carnot Cycle 27 (3)
Rankine Cycle 30 (15)
Brayton Cycle 45 (16)
Otto and Diesel Cycles 61 (6)
Combined and Binary Cycles 67 (11)
Availability in Cycle Analysis 78 (12)
Economics 90 (25)
Cost of Electricity 90 (4)
Present Worth 94 (4)
Levelizing Equations 98 (7)
Economic Evaluation Methods 105(10)
System Performance Characteristics and 115(23)
Selection
Performance 115(3)
Construction Cost 118(2)
Fuel Cost 120(1)
Operation and Maintenance Costs 121(1)
Availability and Forced Outage Rates 122(2)
Generation Mix 124(2)
Economic Scheduling Principle 126(6)
Load Distribution 132(6)
Steam Generation Systems 138(50)
Introduction 138(1)
Boiler Arrangements 139(4)
Boiler Fuel Consumption and Efficiency 143(7)
Boiler Components 150(19)
Combustion Equipment 151(3)
Boiler Furnace 154(6)
Superheater and Reheater 160(5)
Economizer and Air Heater 165(4)
Boiler Auxiliaries 169(10)
Fan Calculation 169(4)
Fan Characteristics and Control 173(4)
Pollution Control Equipment 177(2)
System Design Considerations 179(9)
Nuclear Steam Supply Systems 188(34)
Introduction 188(1)
Nuclear Reactors and Their Classifications 189(3)
Pressurized Water Reactor System 192(10)
Boiling Water Reactor System 202(8)
Containment Systems and Engineered Safety 210(6)
Features
PWR System 211(2)
BWR System 213(3)
System Design Considerations 216(6)
Steam Turbine Systems 222(60)
Steam Turbine 222(6)
Turbine Cycle Heat Balance 228(4)
Generalized Heat Balance Computer Program 232(5)
Part-Load Operation 237(16)
Second-Law Analysis of Steam Turbine Cycles 253(4)
Steam Turbine System Performance 257(4)
Turbine System Selection 261(10)
Considering Differential Generation 271(11)
Capability and Energy Loss
Evaporative Cooling Towers 282(54)
Description of Evaporative Cooling Towers 282(5)
Counterflow Tower Equations 287(5)
Crossflow Tower Equations 292(6)
Tower Fill Description 298(9)
Tower Thermal Design 307(13)
Cooling Tower Performance 320(6)
Tower Blowdown and Makeup Water 326(1)
Use of Computer Programs 327(9)
Condensers 336(36)
Condenser Description 336(2)
Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient 338(3)
Hydraulic Loss 341(6)
Condenser Thermal Design 347(8)
Condenser Performance 355(6)
Dual-Pressure Condenser 361(5)
Parameters Affecting the Condenser Selection 366(6)
Simulation 372(56)
Component Simulation 372(2)
Surface Fitting Techniques 374(15)
Linear Approximation 374(4)
Quadratic Approximation 378(1)
Multivariable Linear Approximation 379(5)
Regression Computer Program for Power 384(5)
Plant Cooling Systems
Heat Exchanger Performance Equations 389(7)
(Analytical Approach)
Cooling Tower Performance Equations 396(1)
(Analytical Approach)
Methods of Solving Simultaneous Linear 397(3)
Algegraic Equations
Gauss's Elimination Method 397(2)
Gauss--Seidel Iteration Method 399(1)
Methods of Solving Nonlinear Algebraic 400(7)
Equations
System Simulation 407(7)
Circulating Water System Simulation 414(14)
Optimization 428(46)
Introduction 428(1)
Mathematical Model Construction 429(4)
Combined System of Cooling Tower and 433(3)
Condenser
Methods of Optimization for Single-Variable 436(13)
Functions
Direct Search with Regular-Sized Intervals 437(2)
Direct Search with Irregular-Sized 439(4)
Intervals
Numerical Demonstrations 443(6)
Methods of Optimization for Multivariable 449(11)
Functions
Univariate Search 449(1)
Pattern Search 450(5)
Steepest Ascent Method 455(5)
A Simplified Cost Optimization 460(5)
Hot Water Generating System 465(9)
Cooling System Design 474(55)
Introduction 474(4)
Once-Through Cooling 478(1)
Cooling Pond 479(19)
Equilibrium Temperature and Surface Heat 486(2)
Exchange Coefficient
Pond Size Estimate 488(6)
Evaporation Loss 494(4)
Dry-Type Cooling Tower 498(13)
Air-Cooled Heat Exchanger Design 501(6)
Effects on Power Generation 507(1)
Dry/Wet Combined Cooling 508(3)
Comparison of Waste Heat Rejection Systems 511(3)
System Design Considerations 514(4)
Cooling System Configuration Design 518(11)
Gas Turbines, Combined Cycles, and 529(110)
Cogeneration
Gas Turbine Plants 529(2)
Factors Affecting Gas Turbine Performance 531(9)
The Combined Cycles 540(3)
Waste Heat Recovery Boiler 543(9)
Combined-Cycle Heat Balance and System 552(8)
Considerations
Cogeneration 560(8)
Steam Costing 568(10)
APPENDIXES
A Heat Balance Calculations for a Steam 578(9)
Turbine Cycle System
B Power Plant Availability Balance 587(4)
Calculations
C Tables and Charts 591(22)
C.1 Tube Characteristics 592(2)
C.2 Saturated Steam Temperatures 594(1)
C.3 Enthalpy of Saturated Air-Water 595(4)
Mixtures
C.4 Density of Saturated Air-Water 599(2)
Mixtures
C.5 Volume of Saturated Air-Water Mixtures 601(2)
C.6 Thermodynamic Properties of Steam and 603(9)
Water
C.7 Thermodynamic Properties of Air at 612(1)
Low Pressure
D Illustrative Example for Cooling System 613(11)
Optimization
E Cooling Tower Performance Curves and 624(12)
Tower Fill Data
F Conversion Table 636(3)
Index 639