Organic Reaction Mechanisms 2001 : An Annual Survey Covering the Literature Dated January to December 2001 (Organic Reaction Mechanisms)

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Organic Reaction Mechanisms 2001 : An Annual Survey Covering the Literature Dated January to December 2001 (Organic Reaction Mechanisms)

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 608 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780470866726
  • DDC分類 547.2

基本説明

Surveys research on organic reaction mechanisms described in the literature between December 1999 to November 2000.

Full Description


This annual series on organic reaction mechanisms research provides concise, comprehensive coverage of the year's literature as well as discussions of important results, each volume is extensively referenced to previous volumes and primary journals. This 37th book in the series will survey research on organic reaction mechanisms described in the literature between December 1999 to November 2000. As in previous volumes new mechanisms for the synthesis of all types of organic compounds will be included as well as such mechanisms as addition and elimination reactions, nucleophilic and electrophilic aromatic substitutions and molecular arrangements.

Table of Contents

    Reactions of Aldehydes and Ketones and         1  (42)
their Derivatives
B. A. Murray
Formation and Reactions of Acetals and 1 (2)
Related Species
Reactions of Glucosides and Nucleosides 3 (1)
Reactions of Ketenes 4 (1)
Formation and Reactions of Nitrogen 5 (7)
Derivatives
Imines 5 (5)
Oximes, Hydrazones, and Related Species 10 (2)
C--C Bond Formation and Fission: Aldol 12 (7)
and Related Reactions
Regio-, Enantio-, and 12 (3)
Diastereo-selective Aldol Reactions
The Baylis--Hillman Reaction 15 (2)
Miscellaneous Aldol-type Reactions 17 (2)
Allylations 19 (1)
Other Addition Reactions 19 (7)
General and Theoretical 19 (2)
Hydrates and Hydrate Anions 21 (1)
Addition of Organozines 21 (1)
Addition of Other Organometallics 22 (1)
The Witting Reaction and Variants 23 (1)
Addition of Other Carbon Nucleophiles 24 (1)
Miscellaneous Additions 25 (1)
Enolization and Related Reactions 26 (2)
Enolates 27 (1)
Oxidation and Reduction of Carbonyl 28 (5)
Compounds
Regio-, Stereo-, Enantio-, and 28 (2)
Diastereo-selective Reductions
Other Reductions 30 (1)
Atmospheric Oxidations 30 (1)
Other Oxidations 31 (2)
Other Reactions 33 (2)
References 35 (8)
Reactions of Carboxylic, Phosphoric, and 43 (80)
Sulfonic Acids and their Derivatives
C. T. Bedford
Intermolecular Catalysis and Reactions 44 (1)
Carboxylic Acids and Their Derivatives 44 (32)
Acids 44 (3)
Esters 47 (1)
Transesterification 47 (1)
Solvolysis reactions 47 (4)
Aminolysis reactions 51 (1)
Lactones 51 (1)
Acyl halides and acid anhydrides 51 (4)
Amides 55 (2)
Lactams 57 (1)
Imides, imidates, amidines, and 57 (4)
guanidines
Nitriles and isonitriles 61 (3)
Carbonates, carbamates, carbamoyl 64 (8)
halides, and ureas
Other heterocyclic nitrogen centres 72 (2)
Thioesters and thiocarbonates 74 (1)
Thioacyl halides 75 (1)
Thioamides, thiocarbamates, thioureas, 75 (1)
and thiocyanates
Phosphoric Acids and Their Derivatives 76 (5)
Phosphates, phosphonates, and 76 (1)
phosphinates
Monoesters 76 (2)
Diesters 78 (1)
Triesters 78 (1)
Phosphoryl and phosphonyl halides 79 (1)
Phosphoramidates and phosphonamidates 80 (1)
Sulfonic Acids And Their Derivatives 81 (4)
Sulfonates; sulfonyl halides, sulfonic 81 (2)
acid anhydrides, and sulfates
Sulfamidates, sultams, and 83 (1)
sulfanenitriles
Sulfenates and sulfenimides 84 (1)
Intramolecular Catalysis and Neighbouring 85 (3)
Group Participation
Association-Prefaced Catalysis 88 (4)
Biologically-Significant Reactions 92 (1)
Enzymic Catalysis 92 (2)
Proteases, esterases, and lipases 92 (1)
β-Lactamases 92 (1)
Kinases and phosphatases 93 (1)
Catalytic antibodies 94 (1)
Intermolecular, Biomimetic, and Model 94 (24)
Reactions
Carboxylic acids and their derivatives 94 (1)
Esters 94 (3)
Amides and polypeptides 97 (4)
β-Lactams 101(1)
Miscellaneous 101(3)
Phosphoric acids and their derivatives 104(1)
Phosphate, phosphonate, and phosphinate 104(2)
monoesters
Phosphate diesters 106(4)
Phosphate and phosphonate triesters 110(3)
Phosphochloridates 113(2)
Sulfonic acids and their derivatives 115(1)
Sulfonamides 115(1)
Nitric and nitrous acids and their 116(1)
derivatives
Nitrates 116(1)
Thionitrites 117(1)
References 118(5)
Oxidation and Reduction 123(56)
K. K. Banerji
Oxidation by Metal Ions and Related 123(17)
Species
Chromium, Manganese, and Nickel 123(7)
Copper, Silver, Gold, and Thallium 130(3)
Cerium, Titanium, Vanadium, Tungsten, 133(2)
Molybdenum and Rheniun
Lead and Palladium 135(1)
Lanthanides 135(1)
Group VIII Metals 135(5)
Oxidation by Compounds of Non-metallic 140(8)
Elements
Nitrogen and Sulfur 140(3)
Boron, Selenium, and Phosphorus 143(1)
Halogens 144(4)
Ozonolysis and Ozonation 148(3)
Peracids and Peroxides 151(6)
Photo-oxygenation and Singlet Oxygen 157(2)
Triplet Oxygen and Autoxidation 159(3)
Other Oxidations 162(1)
Reduction by Complex Metal Hydrides 163(3)
Other Reductions 166(2)
References 168(11)
Carbenes and Nitrenes 179(24)
D. M. Hodgson
M. Christlieb
E. Gras
Reviews 179(1)
Structure and Reactivity 180(3)
Generation 183(1)
Addition 184(5)
Insertion and Abstraction 189(3)
Rearrangement 192(2)
Nitrenes 194(2)
Nucleophiles and Electrophiles 196(2)
Silylenes and Germylenes 198(1)
References 199(4)
Nucleophilic Aromatic Substitution 203(8)
M. R. Crampton
General 203(1)
The SNAr Mechanism 203(4)
Heterocyclic Systems 207(2)
Meisenheimer and Related Intermediates 209(1)
Benzyne and Related Intermediates 209(1)
References 210(1)
Electophilic Aromatic Substitution 211(12)
R. G. Coombes
General 211(2)
Halogenation 213(1)
Nitration 213(2)
Alkylation, Acylation, and Related 215(5)
Reactions
Other Reactions 220(1)
References 221(2)
Carbocations 223(38)
R. A. McClelland
Introduction 223(1)
Simple Carbocations 224(2)
Benzyl Cations 226(2)
Benzyhydryl, Trityl, and Fluorenyl Cations 228(3)
Acylium Ions 231(1)
Oxonium Ions 231(2)
Carbocations Containing Sulfur 233(1)
Carbocations Containing Silicon 233(1)
Halogenated Carbocations 234(1)
Other Destabilized Carbocations 234(1)
Carbocations Containing-Other Heteroatoms 235(1)
Carbocations in Zeolites 236(1)
Allylic Systems 237(1)
Vinyl Cations 238(1)
Aryl Cations 239(1)
Arenium Ions 240(1)
Nitrenium Ions 241(2)
Aromatic Systems 243(1)
Dications 244(2)
Polycyclic Systems 246(1)
Bridged Systems 246(3)
Carbocations in Synthesis 249(4)
References 253(8)
Nucleophilic Aliphatic Substitution 261(30)
J. Shorter
Vinylic Systems 261(3)
Allylic and Other Unsaturated Systems 264(1)
Miscellaneous Polycyclic Systems 265(1)
Epoxide Reactions 265(4)
Other Small Rings 269(3)
Substitution at Elements Other than Carbon 272(1)
Intramolecular Substitution 272(2)
Anchimeric Assistance 274(1)
Ambident Nucleophiles and Electrophiles 275(1)
Alpha Effect 276(1)
Isotope Effects 277(1)
Gas-phase Reactions 277(3)
Medium Effects 280(2)
Phase-transfer Catalysis and Other 282(1)
Intermolecular Effects
Structural Effects 283(4)
Acknowledgement 287(1)
References 287(4)
Carbanions and Electrophilic Aliphatic 291(38)
Substitution
A. C. Knipe
Carbanion Structure and Stability 291(3)
Carbanion Reactions 294(24)
Enolates and Related Species 294(8)
Heteroatom-stabilized Species 302(6)
Organometallic Species 308(1)
Directed lithiation 309(2)
Organomagnesium species 311(2)
Organozinc species 313(3)
Other organometallic species 316(2)
Proton-transfer Reactions 318(3)
Miscellaneous 321(2)
Electrophilic Aliphatic Substitution 323(1)
References 323(6)
Elimination Reactions 329(32)
A. C. Knipe
E1cB Mechanisms 329(3)
E2 Mechanisms 332(3)
Solvolytic Reactions 335(3)
Pyrolytic Reactions 338(9)
Cycloreversions 338(5)
Acid Derivatives 343(1)
Retro-ene Reactions 344(1)
Alkyl Halides 344(1)
Nitrogen Compounds 345(2)
Elimination Reactions in Synthesis 347(3)
Other Reactions 350(6)
References 356(5)
Addition Reactions: Polar Addition 361(52)
P. Kocovsky
Reviews 361(1)
Electrophilic Additions 361(24)
Halogenation and Related Reactions 363(3)
Additions of Hydrogen Halides and Other 366(2)
Acids
Additions of Electrophilic Carbon 368(3)
Additions of Electrophilic Nitrogen 371(3)
Additions Initiated by Metals and Metal 374(11)
Ions as Electrophiles
Nucleophilic Additions 385(22)
Additions to Multiple Bonds Conjugated 385(12)
with C=O
Additions to Multiple Bonds Activated 397(4)
by Other Electron-withdrawing Groups
Additions of Organometallics to 401(4)
Activated Double Bonds
Miscellaneous Nucleophilic Additions 405(2)
References 407(6)
Addition Reactions: Cycloaddition 413(34)
N. Dennis
2 + 2-Cycloaddition 413(3)
2 + 3-Cycloaddition 416(8)
2 + 4-Cycloaddition 424(11)
Miscellaneous Cycloadditions 435(5)
References 440(7)
Molecular Rearrangements 447(102)
S. K. Armstrong
A. W. Murray
[3,3]-Sigmatropic Rearrangements 447(10)
[2,3]-Sigmatropic Rearrangements 457(5)
[1,n]-Sigmatropic Rearrangements and 462(1)
Related Processes
Ene Rearrangements 463(3)
Electrocyclic Rearrangements 466(6)
Cationic Rearrangements 472(26)
Cationic Rearrangements Involving Ring 480(11)
Opening and Ring Expansion
Cationic Rearrangements Involving Ring 491(7)
Closure and Ring Contraction
Anionic Rearrangements 498(14)
Anionic Rearrangements Involving Ring 505(4)
Opening and Ring Expansion
Anionic Rearrangements Involving Ring 509(3)
Closure and Ring Contraction
Ion-pair Rearrangements 512(7)
Radical and Biradical Rearrangements 519(6)
Carbene and Nitrene Rearrangements 525(4)
Metal-mediated Rearrangements 529(3)
Ring-opening Rearrangements 532(3)
Isomerizations and Miscellaneous 535(5)
Rearrangements
References 540(9)
Author index 549(38)
Subject index 587