The Biochemistry of Inorganic Polyphosphates (2ND)

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The Biochemistry of Inorganic Polyphosphates (2ND)

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  • Wiley(2004/07発売)
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  • ポイント 1,760pt
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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 277 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780470858103
  • DDC分類 572.514

基本説明

Comprehensive presentation of inorganic polyphosphate metabolism; Follows polyphosphates in cells of organisms from different stages of evolution.

Full Description


Now in a second edition, Biochemistry of Inorganic Polyphosphates fills the need for an exhaustive resource on inorganic polyphosphate metabolism. The authors describe the structure and properties of these compounds and presents a comparative analysis of the newest and traditional methods of their extraction from cells. Distribution of polyphosphates in organisms, their localization in cells and tissues is also described. Comprehensive presentation of inorganic polyphosphate metabolism Follows polyphosphates in cells of organisms from different stages of evolution Presents methods for the analysis and study of polyP-dependent enzymes Comprehensive information on genetics, metabolism and biotechnology of polyphosphates Textbook and reference work on all aspects of polyphosphates

Table of Contents

Foreword to the First Edition                      xi
Preface xiii
Acknowledgements xv
Introduction 1 (2)
The Chemical Structures and Properties of 3 (12)
Condensed Inorganic Phosphates
The Structures of Condensed Phosphates 3 (6)
Cyclophosphates 4 (1)
Polyphosphates 5 (2)
Branched Inorganic Phosphates, or 7 (2)
`Ultraphosphates'
Some Chemical Properties of Condensed 9 (3)
Inorganic Polyphosphates
Physico-Chemical Properties of Condensed 12 (3)
Inorganic Polyphosphates
Methods of Polyphosphate Assay in 15 (22)
Biological Materials
Methods of Extraction from Biological 15 (2)
Materials
Chromatographic Methods 17 (3)
Colorimetric and Fluorimetric Methods 20 (2)
Cytochemical Methods 22 (2)
X-Ray Energy Dispersive Analysis 24 (2)
31P Nuclear Magnetic Resonance 26 (5)
Spectroscopy
Other Physical Methods 31 (1)
Gel Electrophoresis 31 (2)
Enzymatic Methods 33 (4)
The Occurrence of Polyphosphates in Living 37 (8)
Organisms
The Forms in which Polyphosphates are 45 (8)
Present in Cells
Polyphosphate-Cation Complexes 45 (1)
Polyphosphate-Ca2+-Polyhydroxybutyrate 46 (1)
Complexes
Complexes of Polyphosphates with Nucleic 46 (4)
Acids
Binding of Polyphosphates with Proteins 50 (3)
Localization of Polyphosphates in Cells of 53 (12)
Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes
Prokaryotes 53 (2)
Eukaryotes 55 (10)
Enzymes of Polyphosphate Biosynthesis and 65 (26)
Degradation
Enzymes of Polyphosphate Biosynthesis 65 (8)
Polyphosphate Kinase (Polyphosphate:ADP 65 (5)
Phosphotransferase, EC 2.7.4.1)
3-Phospho-D-Glyceroyl-Phosphate:Polyphos 70 (1)
phate Phosphotransferase (EC 2.7.4.17)
Dolichyl-Diphosphate:Polyphosphate 71 (2)
Phosphotransferase (EC 2.7.4.20)
Enzymes of Polyphosphate Degradation 73 (18)
Polyphosphate-Glucose 73 (2)
Phosphotransferase (EC 2.7.1.63)
NAD Kinase (ATP:NAD 75 (1)
2'-Phosphotransferase, EC 2.7.1.23)
Exopolyphosphatase (Polyphosphate 75 (10)
Phosphohydrolase, EC 3.6.1.11)
Adenosine-Tetraphosphate 85 (1)
Phosphohydrolase (EC 3.6.1.14)
Triphosphatase (Tripolyphosphatase, EC 85 (1)
3.6.1.25)
Endopolyphosphatase (Polyphosphate 86 (1)
Depolymerase, EC 3.6.1.10)
PolyP:AMP Phosphotransferase 87 (4)
The Functions of Polyphosphates and 91 (34)
Polyphosphate-Dependent Enzymes
Phosphate Reserve 91 (3)
In Prokaryotes 92 (1)
In Eukaryotes 93 (1)
Energy Source 94 (3)
Polyphosphates in Biocnergetics of 94 (1)
Prokaryotes
Polyphosphate in Bioenergetics of 95 (2)
Eukaryotes
Cations Sequestration and Storage 97 (2)
In Prokaryotes 97 (1)
In Eukaryotes 97 (2)
Participation in Membrane Transport 99 (4)
Cell Envelope Formation and Function 103 (3)
Polyphosphates in the Cell Envelopes of 103 (1)
Prokaryotes
Polyphosphates in the Cell Envelopes of 104 (2)
Eukaryotes
Regulation of Enzyme Activities 106 (2)
Gene Activity Control, Development and 108 (10)
Stress Response
In Prokaryotes 108 (7)
In Lower Eukaryotes 115 (3)
The Functions of Polyphosphates in Higher 118 (7)
Eukaryotes
The Peculiarities of Polyphosphate 125 (58)
Metabolism in Different Organisms
Escherichia coli 125 (6)
The Dynamics of Polyphosphates under 125 (2)
Culture Growth
The Effects of Pi Limitation and Excess 127 (2)
The Effects of Mutations on 129 (2)
Polyphosphate Levels and
Polyphosphate-Metabolizing Enzyme
Activities
The Effects of Nutrition Deficiency and 131 (1)
Environmental Stress
Pseudomonas aeruginosa 131 (3)
Acinetobacter 134 (1)
Aerobacter aerogenes (Klebsiella 135 (2)
aerogenes)
Azotobacter 137 (1)
Cyanobacteria (Blue--Green Algae) and 138 (2)
other Photosynthetic Bacteria
Mycobacteria and Corynebacteria 140 (2)
Propionibacteria 142 (3)
Archae 145 (2)
Yeast 147 (18)
Yeast Cells Possess Different 147 (1)
Polyphosphate Fractions
The Dynamics of PolyP Fractions during 148 (2)
the Cell Cycle
The Relationship between the Metabolism 150 (1)
of Polyphosphates and other Compounds
Polyphosphate Fractions at Growth on a 150 (3)
Pi-Sufficient Medium with Glucose
The Effects of Pi Limitation and Excess 153 (4)
The Effects of other Conditions on the 157 (3)
Polyphosphate Content in Yeast Cells
The Effects of Inhibitors on the 160 (2)
Polyphosphate Content in Yeast Cells
The Effects of Mutations on the Content 162 (3)
and Chain Lengths of Polyphosphate in
Yeast
Other Fungi (Mould and Mushrooms) 165 (2)
Algae 167 (8)
Localization and Forms in Cells 167 (4)
The Dynamics of Polyphosphates in the 171 (1)
Course of Growth
The Influence of Light and Darkness 172 (2)
The Effects of Pi Limitation and Excess 174 (1)
Changes in Polyphosphate Content under 175 (1)
Stress Conditions
Protozoa 175 (2)
Higher Plants 177 (1)
Animals 177 (6)
Applied Aspects of Polyphosphate 183 (10)
Biochemistry
Bioremediation of the Environment 183 (3)
Enhanced Biological Phosphate Removal 183 (3)
Removal of Heavy Metals from Waste 186 (1)
Polyphosphates and 186 (2)
Polyphosphate-Metabolizing Enzymes in
Assay and Synthesis
Polyphosphates in Medicine 188 (2)
Antiseptic and Antiviral Agents 188 (1)
Polyphosphate Kinase as a Promising 188 (1)
Antimicrobial Target
Polyphosphates as New Biomaterials 189 (1)
Polyphosphates in Bone Therapy and 189 (1)
Stomathology
Polyphosphates in Agriculture 190 (1)
Polyphosphates in the Food Industry 190 (3)
Inorganic Polyphosphates in Chemical and 193 (18)
Biological Evolution
Abiogenic Synthesis of Polyphosphates and 194 (1)
Pyrophosphate
Phosphorus Compounds in Chemical Evolution 195 (3)
Polyphosphates and Pyrophosphates: Fossil 198 (6)
Biochemical Reactions and the Course of
Bioenergetic Evolution
Changes in the Role of Polyphosphates in 204 (7)
Organisms at Different Evolutionary Stages
References 211 (58)
Index of Generic Names 269 (4)
Subject Index 273