The idea that there is a fundamental rift between researchers and practitioners should not come as a surprise to anyone familiar with the current literature, trends, and general feelings in the field of clinical psychology. Central to this scientist-practitioner gap is an underlying disagreement over the nature of knowledge - namely that while some individuals point to research studies as the foundation of truth, others argue that clinical experience offers a more adequate understanding of the causes, assessment, and treatment of mental illness.
The Great Ideas of Clinical Science is an ambitious attempt to dig beneath these fundamental differences, and reintroduce the reader to unifying principles often overlooked by students and professionals alike. The editors have identified 17 such universals, and have pulled together a group of the most prolific minds in the field to present the philosophical, methodological, and conceptual ideas that define the state of the field. Each chapter focuses on practical as well as conceptual points, offering valuable insight to practicing clinicians, researchers, and teachers of any level of experience. Written for student, practitioner, researcher, and educated layperson, this integrative volume aims to facilitate communication among all mental health professionals and to narrow the scientist-practitioner gap.
Foreword. About the Editors. Contributors. Introduction. How to Think Clearly About Clinical Science. O'Donohue, Lilienfeld, Fowler, Science is an Essential Safeguard Against Human Error. Ruscio, The Clinician as Subject. Faust, Decision Research Can Increase the Accuracy of Clinical Judgment and Thereby Improve Patient Care. Wood, Garb, Nezworski, Psychometrics. Blashfield, Burgess, Classification Provides an Essential Basis for Organizing Mental Disorders. Paul, Psychotherapy Outcome Can Be Studied Scientifically. Lazarus, Davison, Clinical Case Studies are Important in the Science and Practice of Psychotherapy. Cummings, Treatment and Assessment Take Place in an Economic Context, Always. The Great Paradigms of Clinical Science.Timberlake, Evolution-Based Learning Mechanisms Can Contribute to Adaptive and Problematic Behavior. Waldman, Behavior Genetic Approaches are Integral for Understanding the Etiology of Psychopathology. Siegert, Ward, Evolutionary Theory Provides a Framework for Understanding Abnormal Behavior. Harkness, Personality Traits are Essential for a Complete Clinical Science. Ilardi, Rand, Karwoski, The Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective Allows Us to Understand Abnormal Behavior at Multiple Levels of Complexity. The Great Cross-cutting Perspective of Clinical Science. Tully, Goodman, Early Developmental Processes Inform the Study of Mental Disorders. Schneiderman, Siegel, Mental and Physical Health Influence Each Other. Lynn, Hallquist, Williams, Matthews, Lilienfeld, Some Forms of Psychopathology are Partly Socially Constructed. Chentsova-Dutton, Tsai, Cultural Factors Influence the Expression of Psychopathology. Lilienfeld, O'Donohue, The Great Ideas of Clinical Science Redux: Revisiting Our Intellectual Roots. Index