The legal and constitutional struggle between the interests of national security and the need to preserve individual civil liberties has had a long and difficult history in the United States. Debate today continues as much now as at any time in the country's past. This collection provides a resource for an enduring problem discussed and debated in law, history, political science, international relations and American studies departments. From the vast literature on the subject, articles and historical documents are gathered together clarifying the perplexing term 'national security', when and why it may restrict guaranteed civil liberties, its uses and abuses, legally argued and politically manipulated. It provides the strong arguments and historical commentaries made about the meaning of the constitution in times of real and perceived crisis; it addresses the many embattled issues surrounding the restriction of civil liberties for the protection of the nation: the xenophobia, racism, isolationism, demagoguery, and political paranoia that have played important roles in American history.
Coverage includesof government employees Detention of those considered likely to commit espionage Deportation of 'undesirable' aliens The trial of Sacco and Vanzetti Internment of Japanese-Americans Cold War sanctions against American communists McCarthyism Loyalty oaths Sedition trials of the Communist Party leadership and the espionage trials of the Rosenbergs Treatment of conscientious objectors The Emergency Detention Act FBI's infiltration and surveillance of anti-war and civil rights groups Publication of the Pentagon Papers Profiling of terrorists before and after September 11