New in paperback. Hardcover was published in 1999 by W. H. Freeman.
First published in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Part 1 The present and the past - current voices/historical tracesvoices of the Black men, conflicting Black/white perceptions, and facing the racial problem; beginnings - ancient and historical Africa; beginnings - Africa to America - the psychological transition; post-civil war - the social construction of white male superiority; an opposing view - the Black construction of social reality. Part 2 Contemporary images and expressive styles: contemporary Black male images - a one-sided view; cool pose, rap, hip-hop, and the Black aesthetic. Part 3 The African-American male - masculine alternatives and psychological challenges: masculine alternatives - the African-American perspective; the Black male - major psychological challenges; biographical memoirs I; biographical memoirs II. Part 4 Major influences on African-American masculine development - family, peer group, neighbourhood: the influence of the family on Black masculine development; the role of the peer group in psychological and social development; neighbourhood influences on Black masculine development. Part 5 Interventions - recommendations, and conclusions: interventions in the Black community I - fatherhood, manhood training and education; interventions in the Black community II - high-risk youth; what next, the problem for society - confronting racism.