Drawing upon a wealth of statistical data and questions from actual tests.
Despite the onslaught of editorials and articles on the subject of standardized admissions tests, few people outside the rarefied world of psychometrics-the statistical analysis of test scores-know about the procedures used to develop, score, and evaluate these tests. Rebecca Zwick demystifies these procedures to present a common-sense view of the politics of education. Highly informed and convincingly argued,Fair Game? connects the mechanics of assessment to broader issues raised by test critics and supporters alike. Do accusations of race- and gender-based test discrimination hold up to the statistics? Do tests favor those who can afford expensive preparatory programs? Can tests reliably measure our nation's educational achievement? Zwick slices through the incendiary rhetoric that surrounds these controversial questions, and offers solid and straightforward recommendations for more equitable educational policy.
Table of Contents
Today's Standardized Admissions Tests 1 (30)
How Did They Come to Be?
The Big Picture 31 (26)
How Are Standardized Tests Used in
Conventional and Computerized Admissions Tests 57 (22)
How Are They Developed and Scored?
Test Validity 79 (30)
How Well Do Admissions Tests Measure
Academic Skills and Predict Achievement?
Are Standardized Admissions Tests Fair to 109(34)
People of Color?
Are Standardized Admissions Tests Fair to 143(16)
Gaming the Tests 159(20)
How Do Coaching and Cheating Affect Test
New Directions for Admissions Testing 179(12)
What Does the Future Hold?
Author Index 221(2)
Subject Index 223