The Development of Secularism in Turkey (Reissue)

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The Development of Secularism in Turkey (Reissue)

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 537 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780415919821
  • DDC分類 956.1015

Full Description


First Published in 1999. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Table of Contents

Preface                                            v
New Introduction xv
Feroz Ahmad
Introduction 1 (4)
Two Concepts of Secularism 5 (3)
The Medieval View Of Society 8 (2)
The Ottoman-Turkish Hierarchy 10 (3)
Padisah And Ulema: Temporal And Spiritual 13 (4)
Authority
Breakdown Of The Traditional Order 17 (6)
THE GLIMMERINGS 1718-1826
Silhouette of a Renaissance 23 (28)
Turkey And The Powers Of Europe 23 (3)
New Worldliness 26 (4)
Recognizing The Necessity Of Change 30 (3)
Discovery Of A New World 33 (3)
The First Innovation 36 (6)
Observations Of European Polities 42 (3)
Entry Of Modern Science And Military Methods 45 (6)
Reaction against Innovation 51 (20)
The Limitations Of The Reformists 53 (3)
The New Reform Efforts 56 (5)
The Power Of The Conservatives 61 (3)
France: Image Of Western Civilization 64 (7)
The New Order and its Fall 71 (18)
Proposed Reforms 72 (2)
Towards A New Order 74 (8)
The Fall Of The New Order 82 (7)
THE BREAK-THROUGH 1826-78
Foundations of a Secular State 89 (48)
The Curtain Closes On The Medieval System 90 (2)
Beginnings Of A New Era 92 (5)
Foundations Of A New State 97 (2)
A New Concept Of Education 99 (7)
Bifurcation In Education 106(4)
Higher Learning For Secularization 110(12)
Westernizing Reforms 122(6)
Appraisal Of European Civilization 128(4)
The State As The Agency Of Transformation 132(5)
Tanzimat: The Economic and Political Impact 137(18)
of the West
Forcing The Doors Wide Open 137(7)
The Tanzimat Charter 144(4)
Conflicting Views On The Tanzimat 148(4)
The Reform Edict And After 152(3)
The Secularism of the Tanzimat 155(46)
The Problem Of Government 155(5)
Codification And Judicial Innovations 160(9)
Encroachment Upon The Seriat 169(4)
Progress And Pitfalls In Education 173(15)
The Babel Universitaire 188(4)
Seeds Of nationalism And Liberalism 192(9)
The Constitutional Movement 201(22)
The Origins Of The Constitutional Movement 202(6)
The Young Ottoman Ideology 208(7)
Progress And Westernization 215(3)
Reaction Of Islamic Nationalism 218(5)
Constitution of 1876 223(30)
Preliminary Discussions 226(6)
Portraits Of Constitutionalism 232(9)
Framing The Constitution 241(5)
The Major Provisions Of The Constitution 246(2)
The Fate Of The Constitutional Movement 248(5)
THE REACTION 1878-1908
Constitutional Absolutism 253(36)
The Muslim World At Its Thirteenth 253(3)
Centennial
Portrait Of The Hamidian Regime 256(5)
Official Trends Of Thought 261(10)
Realities Behind The Illusions 271(5)
The Undercurrents 276(5)
Two Sides Of Western Civilization 281(8)
Distinguished
The Reactions against the Reaction 289(36)
The Revolt Against Religion 290(6)
Turning To The West 296(8)
The Young Turk Movement 304(9)
Glimmerings Of Turkish Nationalism 313(12)
SEARCH FOR A FULCRUM 1908-19
The Mesrutiyet 325(22)
Union And Progress 325(1)
Political Awakening Of The Turkish Element 326(3)
Different Meanings Of Union 329(4)
Europe For Disunion 333(2)
The Birth Of Economic Nationalism 335(2)
Three Schools Of Thought 337(10)
Three Proposed Roads to Reconstruction 347(20)
Quest For A Revolutionary Change 347(1)
Causes Of Decline 348(4)
Western Civilization And Westernization 352(4)
Balkan Wars Spur More Controversies 356(3)
Islamization, Turkification, And 359(8)
Westernization
Reforming the Institutions 367(44)
The State 367(10)
Religion 377(8)
The Family 385(8)
The Economy 393(7)
Education 400(11)
The Secularism of the Mesrutiyet 411(20)
Secularizing Reforms Through Turkist 411(12)
Influence
Towards A National Economy 423(4)
Turkist Romanticism 427(4)
THE STRUGGLE FOR ESTABLISHMENT OF A SECULAR
NATION-STATE 1919-39
The Birth of a Nation under Fire 431(30)
The Tempests Stirring The Ashes 432(3)
The Struggle For National Liberation 435(8)
``Sovereignty Belongs To The People'' 443(3)
Caliphate Without Sultanate? 446(4)
The Child Is Named Republic 450(7)
The Demise Of The Caliphate 457(4)
The Kemalist Reforms 461(18)
The Principle Of Populism 461(2)
Kemalist Westernism 463(2)
Removal Of The Debris 465(2)
Secularization Of the Civil Law 467(6)
Extension Of The Secularizing Reforms 473(6)
The Secularism of the Kemalist Regime 479(28)
Unification Versus Bifurcation 479(2)
The Religious Question 481(2)
The Rationalist Approach To Religion 483(7)
The Philosophical Approach 490(5)
The Formalization Of Secularism 495(5)
The Secularist View Of National History And 500(7)
Culture
Conclusion 507(4)
Glossary 511(6)
Author Index 517(6)
Subject Index 523