In Emotions and Reasons, Patricia Greenspan offers an evaluative theory of emotion that assigns emotion a role of its own in the justification of action. She analyzes emotions as states of object-directed affect with evaluative propositional content possibly falling short of belief and held in mind by generalized comfort or discomfort.
Part 1Sketch of an Argument 2. Emotions without Essences: Varieties of Fear 3. Some Morally Significant Emotions: Rewards and Punishments 4. Perceptual Warrant: Suspicion Revisted 5. Rationally Appropriate Ambivalence: Contrary Emotions 6. Justifying Emotion: What One Ought to Feel