日本・中国におけるアカデミック・ナショナリズム<br>Academic Nations in China and Japan : Framed in Concepts of Nature, Culture and the Universal (Nissan Institute Routledge Japanese Studies Series)

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日本・中国におけるアカデミック・ナショナリズム
Academic Nations in China and Japan : Framed in Concepts of Nature, Culture and the Universal (Nissan Institute Routledge Japanese Studies Series)

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 240 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780415315456
  • DDC分類 951.007

基本説明

Demonstrates how scholarly endeavours in a variety of fields use the nation-state as the most fundamental unit of research and how in turn this contributes to the consolidating of national identity.

Full Description


The descriptions Chinese and Japanese people attribute to themselves and to each other differ vastly and stand in stark contrast to Western perceptions that usually identify a 'similar disposition' between the two nations. Academic Nationals in China and Japan explores human categories, how academics classify themselves and how they divide the world into groups of people.Margaret Sleeboom carefully analyses the role the nation-state plays in Chinese and Japanese academic theory, demonstrating how nation-centric blinkers often force academics to define social, cultural and economic issues as unique to a certain regional grouping. The book shows how this in turn contributes to the consolidating of national identity while identifying the complex and unintended effects of historical processes and the role played by other local, personal and universal identities which are usually discarded.While this book primarily reveals how academic nations are conceptualized through views of nature, culture and science, the author simultaneously identifies comparable problems concerning the relation between social science research and the development of the nation state. This book will appeal not only to Asianists but also to those with research interests in Cultural Studies and Sinology.

Table of Contents

Series editor's preface                            xiii
Acknowledgements xv
Notes on the text xvii
Abbreviations xix
PART I Framing the nation 1 (38)
1 Introduction: Framing the nation in China 3 (14)
and Japan
Group classifications and distinctions 3 (1)
The problem of framing the nation 4 (1)
Framing the nation and Orientalist 5 (2)
categories
Framing the nation and reducing 'Them' 7 (2)
and 'the Other'
Trends in categorizing groups 9 (1)
Three forms of grouping 10 (7)
2 The power of national symbols: The might 17 (13)
of a Chinese dragon
Feeding (on) symbolic power 17 (3)
The might of a multiple interpretable 20 (6)
dragon
Symbols as effective triggers of 26 (4)
associated sentiments in linked contexts
3 The coherent force of struggle and 30 (9)
diversity in Chinese nationalism
Natural group markers 30 (1)
Origins, coherent force and consanguinity 31 (4)
Coherent force: The dialectical unity of 35 (4)
merger through struggle
PART II Group categorization 39 (56)
4 Natural categorization 41 (18)
Chosen peoples and codified brains 41 (2)
The evolution of Us cultural brains and 43 (4)
Them civilized brains
Instinctive distancing: Are we closest to 47 (2)
macaques or Obei-ans?
A Japanese solution to climatic 49 (3)
deterioration: Animism renaissance
The king's fall from the forest and 52 (2)
Western Cartesian thought
Digging up genetic roots: The 54 (2)
reappropriation of the past
Natural group categories in short 56 (3)
5 Culturalist categorization 59 (16)
The universality of primitive forest 60 (3)
culture: Umehara Takeshi's J on
Yin-yang regulation of the two 63 (2)
hemispheres: Ye Qiaojian
Hu Fuchen: Taoist universality and 65 (3)
Chinese scientific wisdom
Universal markers of betrayal and 68 (4)
linguistic supremacy: Tsuda Yukio
Cultural categories 72 (3)
6 Global categorization 75 (20)
Borderless values 77 (3)
Balancing scientistic arguments against 80 (2)
Japanese uniqueness
Aidagara, kanjinshugi and auto poiesis 82 (3)
Key persons and national systems 85 (4)
strategies: Mutual trust and uncertainty
Rigid analogous processors and adaptive 89 (1)
parallel processors
Scientism and the unit of the nation 90 (5)
PART III Group-framing habits and strategies 95 (70)
7 Grouping 97 (11)
Group architecture 99 (2)
Framing group differences 101 (5)
Grouping in short 106 (2)
8 Framing the nation in the short history 108 (18)
of the International Research Centre for
Japanese studies (Nichibunken, 1987- )
Institutionalized nation-framing and its 108 (2)
failure as social science
Nichibunken 110 (10)
Structural aspects of knowledge production 120 (4)
The unit of the nation 124 (2)
9 Nation-centred political strategies in 126 (16)
academic thought: Examples from China and
Japan
A neglect of the local and the specific 127 (4)
Subordination of the universal to the 131 (2)
national
The nation and its various interest groups 133 (1)
Controlling the 'national organism' and 134 (6)
the 'system'
Habitual nation-framing and its 140 (2)
consequences
10 Nation-framing as an academic strategy in 142 (11)
the PRC
Social science and state building in the 142 (2)
PRC
Appraising national policies 144 (3)
National prescription and conservatism 147 (1)
The failure to imagine other views of the 148 (2)
nation
The political predictability of framing 150 (1)
the nation
Framing the nation in the PRC: Some 151 (2)
features
11 Core themes and an outlook on future 153 (12)
research
The universal and particular in framing 156 (2)
the nation
Framing the nation and spatial and 158 (2)
temporal order
Examples from China and Japan 160 (2)
Features of nation-framing 162 (3)
Appendix I: Joint research, Nichibunken 165 (4)
(1988-96)
Appendix II: General research meetings, 169 (2)
Nichibunken
Appendix III: Fields of basic research 171 (2)
Glossary 173 (2)
Notes 175 (28)
References 203 (11)
Index 214