心とは何か:入門<br>The Nature of the Mind : An Introduction

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心とは何か:入門
The Nature of the Mind : An Introduction

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  • Routledge(2003/10発売)
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  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780415299954
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基本説明

Designed for those who are newcomers to the subject and assumes no previous knowledge of philosophy of mind.

Full Description

The Nature of the Mind is a comprehensive and lucid introduction to major themes in the philosophy of mind. It carefully explores the conflicting positions that have arisen within the debate and locates the arguments within their context. It is designed for newcomers to the subject and assumes no previous knowledge of the philosophy of mind. Clearly written and rigorously presented, this book is ideal for use in undergraduate courses in the philosophy of mind.
Main topics covered include:
* the problem of other minds
* the dualist/physicalist debate
* the nature of personal identity and survival
* mental-state concepts
The book closes with a number of pointers towards more advanced work in the subject. Study questions and suggestions for further reading are provided at the end of each chapter.
The Nature of the Mind is based on Peter Carruthers' book, Introducing Persons, also published by Routledge (1986).

Table of Contents

List of figures                                    x
Preface xi
Introduction 1 (5)
1 The problem of other minds 6 (30)
1 The problem 6 (11)
2 Attempted solutions to the problem 17 (5)
3 The uniqueness of consciousness 22 (5)
4 Certainty and meaning 27 (7)
Conclusion 34 (1)
Questions for discussion 34 (1)
Further reading 35 (1)
2 Strong dualism: body and soul 36 (37)
1 Developing an argument for dualism 36 (14)
2 Difficulties for strong dualism 50 (6)
3 Hume'n bundles 56 (6)
4 Against the bundle theory 62 (9)
Conclusion 71 (1)
Questions for discussion 72 (1)
Further reading 72 (1)
3 Identity and the soul 73 (38)
1 The concept of identity 73 (10)
2 Soul identity over time 83 (11)
3 Soul individuation at a time 94 (8)
4 The argument for dualism reconsidered 102(7)
Conclusion 109(1)
Questions for discussion 109(1)
Further reading 110(1)
4 Rationalism, Empiricism, and the soul 111(37)
1 Rationalism versus Empiricism 111(12)
2 Should we be Empiricists? 123(6)
3 The empirical evidence for the soul 129(9)
4 Alternative explanations 138(8)
Conclusion 146(1)
Questions for discussion 146(1)
Further reading 147(1)
5 The case for physicalism 148(40)
1 Arguments for mind-brain identity 148(11)
2 Ramifications: types, tokens and other minds 159(8)
3 Difficulties for mind-brain identity 167(15)
4 The necessity of identity 182(4)
Conclusion 186(1)
Questions for discussion 186(1)
Further reading 186(2)
6 After-life for physicalists 188(39)
1 Resurrection 188(9)
2 Reincarnation 197(8)
3 Double difficulties or secondary survival? 205(14)
4 Limits of individual survival 219(5)
Conclusion 224(1)
Questions for discussion 225(1)
Further reading 226(1)
7 The case for theory-theory 227(40)
1 From Cartesian conception to philosophical 227(17)
functionalism
2 Theory-theory and its opponents 244(9)
3 Developing the theory: theorizing versus 253(6)
innateness
4 The problem of other minds revisited 259(5)
Conclusion 264(1)
Questions for discussion 264(1)
Further reading 265(2)
8 Problems and prospects 267(36)
1 Artificial minds 267(6)
2 Free will 273(8)
3 Intentionality 281(11)
4 Consciousness 292(9)
Conclusion 301(1)
Questions for discussion 301(1)
Further reading 302(1)
Index 303

041529996.TOC0415299969



PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION X

PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITION XIV

PART I GENERAL INTRODUCTION

1 Plato and the Republic 3 (24)

The Life of Plato 3 (6)

Platonic Dialogue 9 (5)

The Republic 14 (13)

PART II THE ARGUMENT OF THE REPUBLIC

2 What is Justice? (Book 1) 27 (12)

The Peculiar Nature of Book 1 27 (3)

Cephalus (328b-331d) 30 (2)

Polemarchus (331e-335e) 32 (7)

3 What Good is Justice? (Books 1-2) 39 (20)

Thrasymachus (336b-354c) 39 (11)

Glaucon and Adeimantus 50 (9)

4 Justice in the City (Books 2-4) 59 (24)

The City and the Soul (368b-369b) 59 (2)

The First and Second Cities (369b-373e) 61 (4)

The Guardians (373e-412b) 65 (8)

Class Relations and the Justice of a City 73 (10)

(412b-434c)

5 Justice in the Soul (Book 4) 83 (19)

Justice in the Soul (434d-445e) 83 (6)

Further Discussion 89 (13)

6 Radical Politics (Books 5-7) 102(27)

The Digression 103(1)

Two Waves of Paradox (451c-471b) 103(10)

Philosopher-Rulers (471c-502c) 113(7)

Philosophers in the Good City (502c-541b) 120(9)

7 Metaphysics and Epistemology (Books 5-7) 129(33)

The Problem with Particulars (475e-480a) 129(11)

The Form of the Good (503e-518b) 140(14)

An Education in Metaphysics (521c-539d) 154(3)

Review of Books 5-7 157(5)

8 Injustice in the Soul and in the City (Books 162(16)

8-9)

Degenerate Forms of the City and the Soul 163(8)

(544a-576a)

Three Comparisons Between Just and Unjust 171(5)

Lives (576b-587b)

Conclusion (587c-592b) 176(2)

9 Art and Immortality (Book 10) 178(17)

The Argument Against all Poetry (595a-608b) 179(9)

More Consequences of Justice and Injustice 188(7)

(608c-627d)

PART III GENERAL ISSUES

10 Plato's Ethics and Politics 195(17)

What is the Calculating Part of the Soul 195(6)

(reason)?

Is the Republic's Political Philosophy 201(5)

Paternalistic?

Is Plato a Theorist of Totalitarian 206(6)

Government?

11 Plato's Metaphysics and Epistemology 212(9)

How Do the Republic's Treatments of Forms 212(5)

Compare to One Another?

What Sorts of Properties Have Forms 217(4)

Associated with Them?

12 Plato's Abuses and Uses of Poetry 221(16)

How Does the Early Censorship of Poetry in 221(6)

Books 2 and 3 Compare to the Final Rejection

of All Artistic Imitation?

How is Plato's View of Art Related to His 227(3)

View of Beauty?

How can the Rejection of Poetry be Squared 230(3)

with Plato's Own Use of Literary Devices,

Myths, and Images?

Aristotle on Plato and Poetry 233(4)

Appendix: Fundamental Premises in the 237(2)

Republic's Argument

BIBLIOGRAPHY 239(8)

INDEX 247