遺伝病と感染症の歴史<br>Heredity and Infection : The History of Disease Transmission (Studies in the History of Science,technology and Medicine)

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遺伝病と感染症の歴史
Heredity and Infection : The History of Disease Transmission (Studies in the History of Science,technology and Medicine)

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 382 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780415271202
  • DDC分類 614.409

基本説明

Examines the various blends of heredity and infection that have characterized biology, medicine and the social sciences.

Full Description


Ideas about the transmission of disease have long formed the core of modern biology and medicine. Heredity and Infection examines their development over the last century. Two scientific revolutions - the bacteriological revolution of the 1890s and the genetic revolution at the start of the twentieth century - acted as the catalysts of major change in our understanding of the causes of illness. As well as being great scientific achievements, these were social and political watersheds that reconfigured the medical and administrative means of intervention. By establishing a clear distinction between transmission by infection and genetic transmission, this shift was instrumental in separating hygiene from eugenism.The authors argue that the popular perception of such a sharp divide stabilized only after 1945 when the use of antibiotics to end epidemics became commonplace. For health professionals the separation has never become an absolute one, and the book examines the various blends of heredity and infection that have preoccupied biology, medicine and the social sciences. Heredity and Infection recontructs the changing epidemiology of such historically important pathologies as tuberculosis , cancer and AIDS. In doing so, it demonstrates the role of experimental models, medical practices and cultural images in the making of contemporary biochemical knowledge.

Table of Contents

        List of Figures and Tables                 vii
List of Contributors ix
Introduction Horizontal and Vertical 1 (18)
Transmission of Diseases: The Impossible
Separation
Jean-Paul Gaudilliere
Ilana Lowy
Part 1 Tuberculosis 19 (114)
Medicine and the Making of Bodily Inequality 21 (60)
in Twentieth-Century Europe
J. Andrew Mendelsohn
From Heredity to Infection? Tuberculosis, 81 (20)
1870-1890
Michael Worboys
Purity and Danger in Colour: Notes on, Germ 101(32)
Theory and the Semantics of Segregation,
1895-1915
JoAnne Brown
Part 2 Etiology and Experimental Practices 133(110)
Standardizing Epidemics: Infection, 135(46)
Inheritance and Environment in Prewar
Experimental Epidemiology
Olga Amsterdamska
Making Heredity in Mice and Men: The 181(22)
Production and Uses of Animal Models in
Postwar Human Genetics
Jean-Paul Gaudilliere
Experimental Platforms and Technologies of 203(40)
Visualisation: Cancer as Viral Epidemic,
1930-1960
Angela N.H. Creager
Jean-Paul Gaudilliere
Part 3 Heredity, Medicine and Health Policies 243(40)
Degeneration Theory and Heredity Patterns 245(16)
between 1850 and 1900
Patrice Pinell
Hereditary Diseases and Environmental Factors 261(22)
in the `Mixed Economy' of Public Health: Rene
Sand and the French Social Medicine, 1920-1934
Patrick Zylberman
Part 4 Transmission and Medical Practices 283(72)
From Family Pedigrees to Molecular Markers: 285(26)
On Cancer and Heredity at St Mark's Hospital,
1924-1995
Paolo Palladino
Vertical Ancestries and Horizontal Risks: 311(16)
Hepatitis B and AIDS
Jennifer Stanton
Virginia Berridge
Predispositions, Cofactors and Images of AIDS 327(28)
Ilana Lowy
Conclusion 355(8)
Jean-Pierre Revillard
Index 363