From Followers to Leaders : Managing Technology and Innovation

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From Followers to Leaders : Managing Technology and Innovation

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 214 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780415251754
  • DDC分類 658.514

基本説明

Provides a welcome alternative to the existing literature that focus almost exclusively on leading edge firms such as IBM.

Full Description


The last years have seen a profusion of books and articles on managing technology, focused almost exclusively on leading edge firms in leading edge countries. This book argues that succeeding as a follower-firm requires learning from many experiences and avoiding simplistic 'how-to' approaches that prescribe one best practice. Individual chapters cover:* the role of innovation on the shop-floor* the importance of mixing process and product innovation* the challenges involved in building an innovation culture* the special role of R&D and design.These topics instruct a deeper understanding of strategy in follower-firms, simultaneously providing insight for public policy in building local technological capacity. Forbes and Wield argue that there are many 'leading edges' which appear in the most unlikely places. Their book contains major case studies from many different firms in twelve countries over five continents, in industry segments as diverse as pharmaceuticals, software, garments, beer and steel. This informative book for students, researchers and professionals in the fields of business, management and information technology shows that successful experiences can arise anywhere in the world.

Table of Contents

        List of figures                            ix
List of tables x
List of boxes xii
Preface xiii
Acknowledgements xv
Beneath the surface 1 (19)
Introduction 1 (2)
Technology in development -- myths and 3 (6)
realities
From myths to building blocks: 9 (5)
understanding technical capability in firms
Innovation management in follower-firms 14 (5)
Conclusion: growing value-added in firms is 19 (1)
the core objective
Innovation success in follower-firms 20 (24)
Introduction 20 (1)
Tanzania Breweries Ltd 20 (4)
Hero Cycles: success through flexible 24 (3)
specialization
Grupo Vitro 27 (5)
The Indian software industry: miracle in 32 (5)
the making or a high-technology
`sweat-shop'?
Cemex 37 (4)
Conclusions 41 (3)
Changing policies for science and technology: 44 (19)
governments and markets
Introduction 44 (2)
Understanding technology and industrial 46 (2)
development
What worked 48 (8)
Comparing national policy environments: 56 (5)
what matters for firms?
Conclusions 61 (2)
Innovation on the shop-floor 63 (22)
Introduction: why is shop-floor innovation 63 (1)
key in technology-followers?
Wages as a source of competitiveness 64 (3)
Going beyond wage competitiveness: the new 67 (13)
manufacturing as road-map
Making innovation happen on the shop-floor 80 (2)
-- what do we know? What do we not know?
Looking beyond the firm 82 (1)
Conclusions 83 (2)
From process to product and proprietary 85 (24)
Introduction 85 (1)
Three `ideal types' of firms 86 (7)
What explains the differences -- state, 93 (5)
culture or firm?
Capturing innovation rents by going 98 (10)
proprietary
Conclusion: what does it take? 108 (1)
Managing R&D in technology-followers 109 (28)
Introduction 109 (1)
What is R&D? 109 (17)
Why do R&D in a technology-follower? 126 (4)
The role and organization of R&D in 130 (5)
technology-followers
Conclusions: organizing for effective R&D 135 (2)
in followers
Design leadership for technology-followers 137 (16)
Introduction 137 (1)
Why do good design? 138 (4)
What is good desig? Moving up the 142 (3)
value-chain with `soft' quality
Building design capability is hard 145 (7)
Conclusions: from R&D to D&D 152 (1)
Building a culture for innovation 153 (20)
Introduction 153 (1)
National culture and cultural stereotypes 154 (6)
Moving beyond the stereotypes 160 (4)
Follower-firms: organizing against the grain 164 (2)
Building a firm culture for innovation 166 (6)
Conclusions 172 (1)
Organizing for innovation: from followers to 173 (20)
leaders
Introduction 173 (1)
How can `drones' get clever -- organizing 173 (9)
for innovation
Building a technology strategy for 182 (7)
innovation
Policy implications 189 (4)
Notes 193 (8)
Bibliography 201 (9)
Index 210