Provides a definitive contemporary history of education policy in the late twentieth century.
The last quarter of the twentieth century was a very important period in history of education. Beginning with the so-called 'Great Debate', the period witnessed intense public and political interest in educational issues, culminating in an almost unprecedented amount of education-related legislation, the most symbolic of which was the Education Reform Act of 1988. Some scholars have rightly claimed that the education system was 'transformed' during this period, pointing to major changes in the ways in which schools, further education colleges and universities were organised, managed and controlled. Others have claimed that these changes altered the power relationships which had underpinned the education system since 1944. Given the sheer scale and pace of the education-policy related reforms of this period, this edited collection brings together some of the leading scholars in education to reflect on the major legislative and structural changes in education over the past few decades. Published in the year of the twenty-fifth anniversary of Callaghan's Ruskin College speech in 1976, it provides a definitive contemporary history of education policy in the late twentieth century. The editors bring together some of the leading educationalists to reflect on the major legislative and structural changes in the field over the last twenty five years. The book will be of use to education students on undergraduate and postgraduate courses, as well as students and academics working in social policy.
Table of Contents
List of illustrations viii
Notes on contributors ix
PART I Introduction and historical overview 1 (28)
Introduction and rationale 3 (9)
Education, the state and the politics of 12 (17)
reform: the historical context, 1976-2001
PART II The changing institutional context 29 (72)
The colonisation of the primary curriculum 31 (14)
Affirming and contesting the comprehensive 45 (13)
ideal: from common schooling to selection?
Further education: a suitable case for 58 (14)
Creating a mass system of higher education: 72 (15)
participation, the economy and citizenship
Educational devolution and nation building in 87 (14)
Wales: a different 'Great Debate?'
PART III Professionalism, accountability and 101 (74)
The reinvention of teacher professionalism 103 (15)
Reforming teacher education, re-forming 118 (18)
teachers: accountability, professionalism and
Empowerment or performativity? Assessment 136 (20)
policy in the late twentieth century
Standards, achievement and educational 156 (19)
performance: a cause for celebration?
PART IV Issues of equality 175 (62)
Special needs education from Warnock to 177 (15)
Salamanca: the triumph of liberalism?
Some success, could do better: education and 192 (15)
Gender and education policy: continuities, 207 (15)
transformations and critical engagements
Restructuring the education/social class 222 (15)
relation: a class choice?
PART V Conclusion 237 (18)
Educational performance, markets and the 239 (16)
state: present and future prospects