Martyrdom and Noble Death : Selected Texts from Graeco-Roman, Jewish, and Christian Antiquity (The Context of Early Christianity)

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Martyrdom and Noble Death : Selected Texts from Graeco-Roman, Jewish, and Christian Antiquity (The Context of Early Christianity)

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 160 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780415138918
  • DDC分類 306.9

Full Description


This volume explores the fascinating phenomenon of noble death through pagan, Jewish and Christian sources. Today's society is uncomfortable with death, and willingly submitting to a violent and ostentatious death in public is seen as particularly shocking and unusual. Yet classical sources give a different view, with public self-sacrifice often being applauded. The Romans admired a heroic end in the battlefield or the arena, suicide in the tradition of Socrates was something laudable, and Christians and Jews alike faithfully commemorated their heroes who died during religious persecutions. The cross-cultural approach and wide chronological range of this study make it valuable for students and scholars of ancient history, religion and literature.

Table of Contents

Preface                                            ix
Acknowledgements xi
List of abbreviations xiii
Introduction 1 (8)
Pagan traditions of noble death 9 (33)
General Introduction 9 (15)
Fragment of the Story of Ahiqar (col. II 24 (1)
22-31), eighth-seventh century BCE
Diogenes Laertius, Lives of the 25 (2)
Philosophers 9.26--8 (Zeno)
Diogenes Laertius, Lives of the 27 (1)
Philosophers 9.58-9 (Anaxarchus)
Plato, Apology 28a-30b (Socrates) 28 (3)
Euripides, Iphigeneia at Aulis 1368--401 31 (2)
Demosthenes, Funeral Oration (Or. 60) 1--2, 33 (3)
23--7
Livy 8.9.1-14 36 (2)
The Acts of Appianus as given in P. Oxy. 33 38 (4)
Noble death in early Jewish sources 42 (46)
General Introduction 42 (9)
Daniel 3 in the Hebrew Bible/the Old 51 (4)
Testament
Daniel 6 in the Hebrew Bible/the Old 55 (4)
Testament
Prayer of Azariah = Dan. 3:24-45 in the 59 (3)
Septuagint version
1 Maccabees 6:43-6 62 (2)
2 Maccabees 6:18-31 64 (2)
2 Maccabees 7:1-42 66 (4)
2 Maccabees 14:37-46 70 (2)
4 Maccabees 5 72 (4)
Philo, Every Good Person is Free (Quod 76 (3)
omnis probus liber sit) 88-91
Assumptio Mosis 9:1-10:10 79 (4)
Josephus, Jewish War 7.389-406 83 (5)
Christian martyrs from the first to the third 88 (44)
century CE
General Introduction 88 (16)
I Clement 5-6 104 (3)
Ignatius, Letter to the Romans 1.1-7.3 107 (4)
Ascension of Isaiah 5 111 (3)
Martyrdom of Polycarp 14-15 114 (2)
Acts of Justin 116 (4)
Martyrdom of Lyon and Vienne (Martyrium 120 (5)
Lugdunensium, Eusebius, Hist, eccl.
5.1.36-47)
Perpetua's Passion 6 and 10 125 (4)
Writing to Diognetus 1.1; 5.11-17; 6.7-10; 129 (3)
7.7-9
Martyrdom and noble death in the rabbinic 132 (45)
tradition
General Introduction 132 (10)
Genesis Rabbah 65.22: Yose ben Yo'ezer and 142 (2)
Yaqim of Tserorot
Sifra Emor, pereq 9.5: Pappus and Lulianus 144 (1)
Lamentations Rabbah 1.16: Miriam bat Tanhum 145 (6)
and her seven sons
Talmud Yerushalmi, Berakhot 9.7: R. Aquiva 151 (2)
Talmud Bavli, Berakhot 61b: R. Aqiva 153 (4)
Sifre Deuteronomy 307: R. Hanina ben 157 (2)
Teradion
Talmud Bavli, Avodah Zarah 17b-18a: R. 159 (7)
Hanina ben Teradion
Mekhilta Mishpatim 18: R. Shim'on and R. 166 (2)
Yishma'el
Targum Neofiti, Gen. 22:1-19: The Binding 168 (3)
of Isaac
Talmud Yerushalmi, Ta'anit 2.4: The Binding 171 (2)
of Isaac
Pseudo-Philo, Biblical Antiquities 32.1-4: 173 (4)
The Binding of Isaac
Bibliography 177 (15)
Index 192