Glacial Landsystems

Glacial Landsystems

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 448 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780340806654
  • DDC分類 551

Table of Contents

Preface                                            viii
List of Contributors ix
Acknowledgements xi
Chapter 1 Introduction to glacial landsystems 1 (11)
David J.A. Evans
1.1 Landsystems 1 (1)
1.2 Glacial Landsystems 2 (8)
1.3 Aims and scope of this Book 10 (2)
Chapter 2 Ice-Marginal Terrestrial Landsystems: 12 (32)
Active Temperate Glacier Margins
David J.A. Evans
2.1 Introduction 12 (2)
2.2 Landform-Sediment Assemblages in Active 14 (21)
Temperate Glacier Forelands
2.3 Ancient Records of Active Temperate 35 (2)
Glacier Margin
2.4 Conclusion 37 (7)
Chapter 3 Ice-Marginal Terrestrial Landsystems: 44 (21)
Sub-Polar Glacier Margins of the Canadian and
Greenland High Arctic
Calm モ Cofaigh, David J.A. Evans and John
England
3.1 Introduction 44 (1)
3.2 Sub-Polar Glaciers in the Canadian and 45 (4)
Greenland High Arctic
3.3 Glacial Geology and Geomorphology 49 (13)
3.4 Overlaps With Other Glacigenic 62 (2)
Landsystems
3.5 Conclusion 64 (1)
Chapter 4 Ice-Marginal Terrestrial Landsystems: 65 (24)
Svalbard Polythermal Glaciers
Neil F. Glasser and Michael J. Hambrev
4.1 Introduction and Rationale 65 (4)
4.2 Structural Glaciological Controls on 69 (6)
Debris Entrainment and Transport
4.3 Geomorphology and Sedimentology of 75 (11)
Receding Svalbard Glaciers
4.4 A Landsystem Model for Svalbard Glaciers 86 (1)
4.5 Application of the Model to Pleistocene 87 (1)
Moraine Complexes
4.6 Conclusions 87 (2)
Chapter 5 Ice-Marginal Terrestrial Landsystems: 89 (22)
Polar-Continental Glacier Margins
Sean J. Fitzsimons
5.1 Introduction 89 (1)
5.2 Polar Ice-Marginal Environments 89 (2)
5.3 Ice Margins in Low-Relief Landscapes 91 (5)
5.4 Ice-Contact Landforms and sediments 96 (5)
5.5 Ice Margins in High-Relief Areas 101 (7)
5.6 Towards a Depositional Model 108 (3)
Chapter 6 Ice-Marginal Terrestrial Landsystems: 111 (32)
Southern Laurentide Ice Sheet Margin
Patrick M. Colgan, David M. Mickelson and
Paul M. Cutler
6.1 Introduction 111 (1)
6.2 Physical Setting and Timing of 112 (2)
Glaciation
6.3 Methods 114 (1)
6.4 Mapping and Classification of the Data 114 (1)
6.5 Landsystems of the Southern Laurentide 115 (21)
Ice Sheet
6.6 Discussion 136 (6)
6.7 Conclusions 142 (1)
Chapter 7 Ice-Marginal Terrestrial Landsystems: 143 (23)
Northern Laurentide and Innultian Ice Sheet
Margins
Arthur S. Dyke and David J.A. Evans
7.1 Introduction 143 (1)
7.2 The Region and Its General Glacial 143 (2)
Landscape
7.3 Glacial Landscape Zones 145 (4)
7.4 General Interpretation 149 (4)
7.5 Constraints on Interpretation of 153 (1)
Glacial Landforms and Deposits in the
Continuous Permafrost Zone
7.6 Process-Form Relationships: Towards a 154 (9)
Landsystem Model for the Permafrost Zone
7.7 Discussion and Conclusion 163 (3)
Chapter 8 Ice-Marginal Terrestrial Landsystems: 166 (38)
Southern Scandinavian Ice Sheet Margin
Frederik M. Van der Wateren
8.1 Introduction 166 (4)
8.2 Glacial History 170 (2)
8.3 Regional Geology and Glacial Landsystems 172 (4)
8.4 Distribution of Glacial Landforms and 176 (5)
Glacitectonic Styles
8.5 Structures Developed in Response to 181 (2)
Subglacial Deformation
8.6 Structural Style of Subglacial Shear 183 (2)
Zones
8.7 Ductile Shear Zone Structures 185 (2)
8.8 Brittle Shear Zone Structures 187 (2)
8.9 Glacifluvial Outwash, Ice-Marginal 189 (3)
Valleys and Lakes
8.10 Glacial Landsystems of the Northern 192 (8)
European Plains
8.11 Conclusions 200 (2)
8.12 Summary - Landform-Sediment 202 (2)
Associations of the Southern Scandinavian
Ice Sheet
Chapter 9 Palaeo-Ice Stream Landsystem 204 (24)
Chris D. Clark and Chris R. Stokes
9.1 Introduction and Rationale 204 (1)
9.2 Significance of Palaeo-Ice Streams 204 (3)
9.3 Hypotheses of Palaeo-Ice Stream 207 (1)
Locations
9.4 Problems in Identifying Palaeo-Ice 208 (1)
Streams
9.5 Characteristics of Existing Ice Streams 209 (1)
9.6 Geomorphological Criteria of Ice-Stream 210 (8)
Activity
9.7 A Landsystem Model for Palaeo-lce 218 (3)
Streams
9.8 Application of Landsystem Models 221 (6)
9.9 Conclusion 227 (1)
Chapter 10 Supraglacial Landsystems in Lowland 228 (31)
Terrain
Mark D. Johnson and Lee Clayton
10.1 Introduction 228 (1)
10.2 Landforms 229 (22)
10.3 The Supraglacial Landsystem Model 251 (8)
Chapter 11 Surging Glacier Landsystem 259 (30)
David J.A. Evans and & Brice R. Rea
11.1 Introduction and Rationale 259 (1)
11.2 Geomorphology and Sedimentology of 260 (19)
Contemporary Surging Glaciers
11.3 Summary of the Landsystems Model for 279 (2)
Surging Glaciers
11.4 Application of the Surging Glacier 281 (3)
Landsystem
11.5 Conclusion 284 (5)
Chapter 12 Subaquatic Landsystems: Continental 289 (24)
Margins
Tore O. Vorren
12.1 The Continental shelf system 289 (14)
12.2 The Continental Slope and Adjoining 303 (9)
Deep-Sea System
12.3 Summary 312 (1)
Chapter 13 Subaquatic Landsystems: Fjords 313 (35)
Ross D. Powell
13.1 Introduction 313 (2)
13.2 Sedimentary Processes and External 315 (6)
Forces
13.3 Geomorphology and Depositional Systems 321 (21)
13.4 Modelling Fjord Landsystems 342 (5)
13.5 Conclusion 347 (1)
Chapter 14 Subaquatic Landsystems: Large 348 (24)
Proglacial Lakes
James T. Teller
14.1 Introduction 348 (1)
14.2 Controls on Formation and Extent of 348 (2)
Proglacial Lakes
14.3 The Sedimentary Record of Large 350 (18)
Proglacial Lakes
14.4 Summary of Development of Large 368 (4)
Proglacial Lakes
Chapter 15 Glaciated Valley Landsystems 372 (35)
Douglas I. Benn, Martin P. Kirkbride, Lewis
A. Owen and Vanessa Brazier
15.1 Introduction 372 (1)
15.2 Sediment Sources 373 (1)
15.3 Sediment Transport Pathways 373 (4)
15.4 Dynamics of Debris-Covered Glaciers 377 (2)
15.5 Landsystems of Glacial Deposition 379 (15)
15.6 Rock Glaciers 394 (3)
15.7 Landsystems of Proglacial Deposition 397 (3)
15.8 Proglacial Aeolian Landsystems 400 (1)
15.9 Ice- and Moraine-Dammed Lakes 400 (2)
15.10 Glaciated Valley Landsystems: 402 (2)
Synthesis
15.11 Changes in Landsystem Distribution 404 (1)
Over Space and Time
15.12 Conclusions 405 (2)
Chapter 16 Plateau lcefield Landsystems 407 (25)
Brice R Rea and David J.A. Evans
16.1 Introduction and rationale 407 (1)
16.2 Area Altitude Relationship for Plateau 408 (1)
Icefields
16.3 Contemporary Plateau Icefields 409 (10)
16.4 Dynamics of Plateau lcefields 419 (3)
16.5 The Plateau lcefield Landsystem 422 (4)
16.6 Impact of Plateau Ice on Reconstructed 426 (2)
Equilibrium Line Altitudes
16.7 Discussion 428 (3)
16.8 Conclusions 431 (1)
Chapter 17 Paraglacial Landsystems 432 (30)
Colin K. Bollontyne
17.1 Introduction 432 (3)
17.2 Paraglacial Landsystems 435 (1)
17.3 Paraglacial Rock Slope Landsystems 436 (5)
17.4 Paraglacial Drift-Mantled Slope 441 (3)
Landsystems
17.5 Paraglacial Modification of Glacier 444 (3)
Forelands
17.6 Paraglacial Alluvial Landsystems 447 (5)
17.7 Paraglacial Sedimentation in Lakes 452 (1)
17.8 Paraglacial Coastal Landsystems 453 (4)
17.9 Paraglacial Landsystems and 457 (3)
Postglacial Landscape Change
17.10 Implications for Glacial Landsystems 460 (2)
References 462 (60)
Index 522