The Psychology of Gender and Sexuality : An Introduction


The Psychology of Gender and Sexuality : An Introduction

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 305 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780335202249
  • DDC分類 155.3

Full Description

". . . a particularly well-wrought and intelligent book. It provides an extensive introduction to traditional psychological approaches, while acknowledging their weaknesses, and in a judicious and detailed review the authors take us through a fascinating survey of the constructionist and discursive modes of enquiry and what they reveal about sex and gender. This will make not only an excellent textbook, but is good reading as well." - Rom Harre,Linacre College, Oxford and Georgetown University* To what extent are gender and sexuality 'programmed in the genes' and to what extent are they acquired through learning and from culture?* What is wrong with traditional ways in which psychology has addressed these topics and what better alternatives are there?* What do these new approaches have to offer us in understanding our own gender and sexuality, our life experiences and our relationships?Gender and sexuality permeate our lives and have a profound influence on who we are and what we feel, think and do. This book provides a fundamental and wide-ranging introduction to different psychological approaches to this field. It reviews both traditional and current theorization, reflecting the contradictory approaches that try to explain how gender and sexuality are acquired, their impact on identity, and their influence on life-styles, life-opportunities and life-choices.The Psychology of Gender and Sexuality is unique in providing a comprehensive introduction to both gender and sexuality. Using examples that are highly relevant to today's generation of students, it encourages the reader to explore the implications of the various theoretical approaches for men and women and their relationships with each other. This is a lively and readable textbook for general introductory courses and an ideal starting point for more advanced specialist courses on these topics.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements                                   ix
Preface xi
Introduction 1 (8)
Part I Mainstream psychological approaches to 9 (74)
gender and sexuality
Biological paradigms 11 (26)
Psychology, the bio-social science? 11 (2)
The theory of evolution 13 (1)
The theory of genetic inheritance 13 (2)
Sex differences and physiology 15 (11)
Sex differences in brain architecture 26 (3)
The sexual response 29 (2)
Sociobiology and evolutionary psychology 31 (5)
Significant differences 36 (1)
Social and cultural paradigms 37 (23)
Internalizing the external 37 (2)
The contribution of anthropology: the role 39 (2)
of culture
The contribution of sociology: the role of 41 (2)
social forces
The contribution of psychology: the role of 43 (7)
Gender stereotyping 50 (8)
Chapter review 58 (2)
Interactive paradigms 60 (23)
Eysenck's theories of gender and sexuality 61 (5)
Freud's psychoanalytic theories of 66 (7)
personality and psychosexual development
Cognitive development 73 (3)
Comparing theories of gender development 76 (1)
Moral development 77 (3)
Chapter review 80 (3)
Part II The challenges to mainstream approaches 83 (100)
Introduction to Part II: Challenges 85 (1)
Modernism 86 (5)
Challenges to Modernism: the climate of 91 (2)
Liberatory challenges 93 (27)
Liberalism 93 (2)
Regulation and liberation 95 (6)
The liberalization of sexuality 101(3)
Humanistic psychology 104(5)
Liberalism as a 109(2)
`best-of-all-possible-worlds' philosophy
Androgyny 111(4)
Research into the effects of pornography 115(2)
and erotica
Chapter review 117(3)
Feminist challenges 120(38)
We're all postfeminists now -- aren't we? 120(3)
A short(ish) history of feminism 123(16)
Dialects of feminism 139(7)
Feminist psychology 146(10)
Chapter review 156(2)
Postmodern challenges 158(25)
Social constructionism 160(8)
The `psy' complex 168(3)
Postmodernism 171(1)
Foucault on sexuality 172(5)
A new standpoint on research 177(4)
Chapter review 181(2)
Part III Applications of a critical approach 183(75)
Where's the action? 185(15)
Sexual conduct 186(7)
Taking a critical stance 193(7)
Aliens and others 200(12)
Science fiction as a deconstructive device 202(6)
Alternative analytics and the challenge for 208(1)
Gay and queer theory 209(3)
Bodies 212(17)
The body exposed 212(2)
The rebellious body 214(1)
Material practices: circumcision 215(1)
Body politics 216(1)
Warranting action 217(3)
Attractiveness 220(4)
Eating disorders 224(1)
Bodies that matter 225(4)
Sex crimes 229(13)
Rape 230(7)
Taking a critical stance 237(5)
New men, new women, new relationships? 242(16)
Changes in values 243(3)
Changes in economics and employment 246(1)
New men 247(2)
New women 249(4)
New relationships 253(3)
Whatever next? 256(2)
Glossary 258(15)
Bibliography 273(22)
Index 295