Science in Europe, 1500 to 1800 : A Secondary Source Reader

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Science in Europe, 1500 to 1800 : A Secondary Source Reader

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 307 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780333970065
  • DDC分類 509.4

基本説明

Key themes include science and religion, scholars and craftsmen, scientific patronage, the occult sciences and matter in motion. An excellent introduction to the scholarship surrounding this significant event.

Full Description


The Scientific Revolution of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries began the process that led to modern science, both building on and challenging the classical world's natural philosophies. This wide-ranging and accessible collection of seminal work by historians of the Scientific Revolution emphasises the interplay of the social, cultural and intellectual traditions of early modern Europe. Key themes include science and religion, scholars and craftsmen, scientific patronage, the occult sciences, and matter in motion.A valuable resource for students and teachers of the history of science, this book can be used either alongside or independently of its companion volume.Science in Europe, 1500-1800: A Primary Sources Reader (also edited by Malcolm Oster.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements                                   viii
Preface xi
Europe's Awakening 1 (22)
The rise of early modern science 1 (9)
T. Huff
Situating Arabic science 10 (8)
A. I. Sabra
When did modern science begin? 18 (5)
E. Grant
Copernicus and his Revolution 23 (11)
Proof, poetics and patronage 23 (11)
R. S. Westman
The Spread of Copernicanism in Northern Europe 34 (26)
The Copernicans and the churches 34 (9)
R. S. Westman
Reformation theology and the mechanistic 43 (8)
conception of nature
G. Deason
Puritanism, separatism and science 51 (9)
C. Webst
Crisis in Italy 60 (23)
Galileo as court philosopher 60 (11)
M. Biagioli
Patronage and scientific identity in 71 (12)
late-Renaissance Italy
W. Eamon
Iberian Science: Navigation, Empire and 83 (16)
Counter-Reformation
Paracelsian influence in Spain 83 (5)
J.-M. Lopez Pinero
Censorship and the inquisitorial mind 88 (4)
V. Pinto
The Inquisition and Spanish intellectual 92 (7)
life
H. Kamen
Science from the Earth in Central Europe 99 (18)
Science in the courts of German princes 99 (3)
B. Moans
Humanism and chemistry in Agricola's 102 (4)
metallurgical writings
M. Beretta
Paracelsian prophecy and natural magic 106 (7)
C. Webster
Rudolf II and the Prague court 113 (4)
P. Findlen
French Science in the Seventeenth Century 117 (17)
Catholicism and earl modern science 117 (17)
W. Ashworth
Science in Seventeenth-Century England 134 (24)
Harvey and blood circulation 134 (3)
A. Cunningham
The invisible world of the microscope 137 (4)
C. Wilson
Boyle's house of experiment 141 (3)
S. Shapin
Making experimental knowledge 144 (1)
S. Schaffer
S. Shapi
Boyle as alchemist 145 (5)
L. Principe
The `Principia': Newton's authorial role 150 (3)
R. Iliffe
Newton: philosopher by fire 153 (5)
B. J. Dobbs
Scientific Academies across Europe 158 (18)
Princely patronage of the Accademia del 158 (6)
Cimento
M. Biagioli
The usefulness of science in 164 (5)
seventeenth-century England
M. Hunter
Apologetics and ideology in Sprat's 169 (2)
`History'
P. B. Wood
Scientific utility at the Academie Royale 171 (5)
des Sciences
A. Stroup
The Reception of Newtonianism across Europe 176 (18)
The selling of Newton 176 (5)
L. Stewart
Newtonianism 181 (5)
S. Schaffer
Religious utility of science 186 (8)
J. Brooke
Science in the Scottish Enlightenment 194 (18)
University science in eighteenth-century 194 (9)
Scotland
P. Wood
Hutton and the history of geology 203 (4)
D. Dean
Cullen on the usefulness of chemistry 207 (5)
J. V. Golinski
Science on the Fringe of Europe: 212 (11)
Eighteenth-Century Sweden
Linnaeus and the systematisation of botany 212 (11)
S. Lindroth
Science in Orthodox Europe 223 (20)
The Ottoman view of Western science and 223 (4)
technology
B. Lewis
Russia's contribution to science in the 227 (6)
eighteenth century
J. Scott-Carver
The early St Petersburg Academy of Sciences 233 (10)
M. D. Gordin
Establishing Science in Eighteenth-Century 243 (19)
Europe
Chemistry's rise in status 243 (7)
C. Meinel
The origins of Werner's geological theory 250 (4)
A. M. Ospovat
Scientific forestry management in Germany 254 (8)
H. Lowood
The Chemical Revolution 262 (19)
Lavoisier's chemical revolution 262 (5)
C. Perrin
Nationalism in eighteenth-century German 267 (3)
chemistry
H. G. Schneider
Styles of science in French and British 270 (7)
chemistry
M. Crosland
Priestley's American period 277 (4)
M. Conlin
Conclusions 281 (16)
Historiography and the Scientific Revolution 281 (6)
R. Porter
Telling stories: the Scientific Revolution 287 (5)
S. Shapin
The Scientific Revolution and conceptions 292 (5)
of identity
M. Jacob
Index 297