Advances in Microbial Toxin Research and Its Biotechnological Exploitation

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Advances in Microbial Toxin Research and Its Biotechnological Exploitation

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 300 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780306472558
  • DDC分類 660.62

Full Description


Microbial toxins are secondary metabolites that accumulate in the organism and, to a large extent, are metabolically inactive towards the organism that produces them. The discovery of penicillin, a secondary metabolite of Penicillium notatum West (= P. chrysogenum Thom), in 1929 marked a milestone in the development of antibiotics (microbial toxins). In the intensive studies that followed this discovery, scientists chemically characterized several new molecules (toxins) from secondary metabolites of microbes, some having a definite function in causing pathogenesis in plants. Toxins are also known to playa significant role in inciting animal (human) and insect diseases and as plant growth regulators. Many common toxins have also been isolated from different microbes exhibiting a wide spectrum of biological activity. Toxins are broadly divisible into several characteristic groupings - polyketides, oxygen heterocyclic compounds, pyrons, terpenoidS, amino acids - diketopiperazines, polypeptides etc. Recent research has indicated that these toxins play an important role in plant pathogenesis, disease epidemics, plant breeding, biological control of plant pathogens and insect pests, induced resistance, plant-pathogen interactions etc. Toxins produced by weed pathogens are exploited as lead molecules in developing environmentally friendly herbicides.

Table of Contents

  A Chemical Approach for Elucidating the          1  (22)
Molecular Interaction of Host-Specific
AK-toxin, with Japanese Pear
Hisashi Miyagawa
Masakazu Okada
Ippei Uemura
Bunta Watanabe
Tamio Ueno
Beauvericin: Chemistry, Biology and 23 (8)
Significance
Antonio Logrieco
Antonio Moretti
Alberto Ritieni
Maria F. Caiaffa
Luigi Macchia
Suppressor--and Elicitor-Activities of 31 (8)
Magnaporthe grisea Toxin in Rice Leaves
Sakae Arase
M. Ueno
Y. Honda
Toxinogenesis of Fusarium graminearum, Clonal 39 (8)
Variability and Influence of Substrate and
Agrochemicals
Galina D. Sokolova
The Aflatoxins: Evolution, Function and 47 (16)
Prospects for Control
Deidre A. Carter
Nai Tran-Dinh
Michael Stat
Swapna Kumar
Tien Bui
John I. Pitt
Oxygen Activation by Fungal and Bacterial 63 (18)
Toxins
Ingrid Heiser
Julia Koehl
Erich F. Elstner
Thermoresponsive Phytotoxin Production in 81 (12)
Plant Pathogenic Bacteria
Matthias Ullrich
Cerato-ulmin, a Toxin Produced by the 93 (12)
Pathogens of the Dutch Elm Disease
Giovanni Del Sorbo
Aniello Scala
Felica Scala
Stefania Tegli
Lipopeptide Secondary Metabolites from the 105(36)
Phytopathogenic Bacterium Pseudomonas syringae
Ingeborg Grgurina
Toxicity of Syringomycins and its 141(10)
Pathological Significance
Katsunori Tamura
Tohru Teraoka
Isamu Yamaguchi
Structural Diversity of Lichen Metabolites 151(20)
and Their Potential Use
Joanne G. Romagni
Frank E. Dayan
Algal and Cyanobacterial Metabolites as 171(26)
Agents for Pest Management
Kevin K. Schrader
Dale G. Nagle
David E. Wedge
Engineering Disease Resistance in Plants 197(14)
Using Phytotoxins as Molecular Stooges
P. Balasubramanian
R. Samiyappan
S. Babu
R. Nandakumar
V. Shanmugam
T. Raguchander
Inhibition of Ceramide Synthesis in Plants by 211(20)
Phytotoxins
Hameed K. Abbas
S.O. Duke
W.T. Sheir
M.V. Duke
Advances in Molecular Biology of Phytotoxin 231(28)
Production and its Involvement in Plant
Pathogenesis
R. Samiyappan
P. Balasubramanian
S. Babu
R. Nandakumar
V. Shanmugam
T. Raguchander
A. Ramanathan
Insecticidal Proteins of Bacillus 259(22)
Thuringiensis and Their Application in
Agriculture
P. Ananda Kumar
O.M. Bambawale
Subject Index 281