From Megaphones to Microphones : Speeches of American Women, 1920-1960


From Megaphones to Microphones : Speeches of American Women, 1920-1960

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 360 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780275977726
  • DDC分類 305.420973

Full Description

Until recently, scholars assumed that women stopped speaking after they won the vote in 1920 and did not reenter political life until the second wave of feminism began in the 1960s. Nothing could be further from the truth. While national attention did dissipate after 1920, women did not retreat from political and civic life. Rather, after winning the vote, women's public activism shifted from a single-issue agenda to the myriad social problems and public issues that faced the nation. As such, women began to take their place in the public square as political actors in their own rights rather than strictly campaigning for a women's issue.

This anthology documents women's activism during this period by introducing heretofore unpublished public speeches that address a wide array of debated topics including child labor, international relations, nuclear disarmament, consumerism, feminism and anti-feminism, social welfare, family life, war, and the environment. Some speeches were delivered in legislative forums, others at schools, churches, business meetings, and media events; still others before national political organizations. To ensure diversity, the volume features speakers of different ages, races, classes, ethnicities, geographic regions, and political persuasions. The volume editors include short biographical introductions as well as historical context for each selection.

Table of Contents

What Next? 1920-1931
Jane Addams "Address at 'Portrait Monument'
Mary Church Terrell "The Black Mammy Monument"
Mary Church Terrell "Talk to Young Men of
Howard University" March 20, 1925
Mrs. John P. Gooding "The Conservation
Department's Forestry Program"
Adelaide Steele Baylor "Home Economics
Mrs. E. O. Leatherwood "Developing Better
Understanding and Friendship between the
Mrs. W. R. Alvord "Report of the Department of
American Citizenship" (1926)
Florence Ellinwood Allen "Talk on the Outlawry
of War"
Ruth Muskrat Bronson "Address on the North
American Indian"
Nannie Helen Burroughs "What the Negro Wants
Gertrude Simmons Bonnin (Zitkala-Sa, Red Bird)
"Speech Before the Indian Rights Association"
Elizabeth Manroe Sippel "Woman's Importance as
an Investor" (radio)
Florence Jaffray Harriman "Ponds Radio"
Whose New Deal? 1932-1941
Ruth Morgan "Campaign Issues Challenging
Political Parties, 'Challenge of the Woman
Ella Reeve Bloor "Speech to Milk Shed
Blanche Ames Ames "Birth Control"
Francis Perkins "Social Security Act"
Anna Kelton Wiley "Philadelphia Branch of the
National Woman's Party"
Eleanor Roosevelt "What Libraries Mean to the
Margaret Sanger "Woman and the Future"
Mary McLeod Bethune "Clarifying Our Vision With
the Facts."
Aimee Semple McPherson "This Is My Task" (radio
General Federation of Women's Clubs--Debate on
Luisa Moreno "Caravans of Sorrow"
Speaking of War! 1940-1945
Eleanor Roosevelt "Speech to the Democratic
Dorothy Thompson "The Great Democracy of the
Hattie Caraway "The Lend-Lease Bill?" (radio)
Dorothy Day "Address to the Liberal-Socialist
Alliance in New York City"
Clare Boothe Luce "Speech to the Bridgeport
Women's Committee of the American Institute of
Mary Anderson "Women in Industry" (two radio
Ella Reeve Bloor "Women's Role in Winning the
War" (radio)
Mary Beard "Speech to Nurses" (radio)
Florence Jaffray Harriman "Women and War" (1941)
Florence Jaffray Harriman "American Soviet
Is That All There Is? 1945-1960
Helen Gahagan Douglas "My Democratic Credo"
Mary Church Terrell "Testimony Before the House
Judiciary Committee on the Equal Rights
Emily Greene Balch "Toward Human Unity or
Beyond Nationalism" (second part)
Margaret Chase Smith "Address to Business and
Professional Women"
Maida Springer Kemp "Talk by Maida Springer"
Dorothy Kenyon "Speech before Tydings Committee"
Margaret M. Henderson "Women Share Service for
Justine Wise Polier "Freedom Not Fear"
Katie Loucheim "Standard Stump Speech"
Dorothy Shaver "Address before the Philadelphia
Fashion Group"
Fannia Cohn "Talk at the ILGWU Convention"
Rachel Carson "Acceptance of AAUW Achievement
Martha Eliot "The Community and Its Children"
Pauli Murray "Being Good Neighbors"
Appendix: Speeches Delivered by Women Published
in Vital Speeches of the Day, 1934-1960