統語化過程<br>The Syntactic Process (Language, Speech, and Communication)

統語化過程
The Syntactic Process (Language, Speech, and Communication)

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 330 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780262194204
  • DDC分類 415

基本説明

New in paperback. Hardcover was published in 1999. Aims to develop a principled theory of natural grammar compatible with both linguistic accounts of a number of syntactic phenomena and a computational account of the way sentences are mapped onto representations.

Full Description


In this book Mark Steedman argues that the surface syntax of natural languages maps spoken and written forms directly to a compositional semantic representation that includes predicate-argument structure, quantification and information structure without constructing any intervening structural representation. His purpose is to construct a principle theory of natural grammar that is directly compatible with both expalantory linguistic accounts of a number of problematic syntactic phenomena and a straightforward computational account of the way sentences are mapped onto represenations of meaning. The radical nature of Steedman's proposal stems from his claim that much of the apparent complexity of syntax, prosody and processing follows from the lexical specification of the grammar and from the involvement of a small number of universal rule-types for combining predicates and arguments. These syntactic operations are related to the combinators of Combinatory Logic, engendering a much freer definition of derivational constituency than is traditionally assumed.This property allows Combinatory Categorical Grammar to capture elegantly the structure and interpretation of coordination and intonation contour in English as well as some well-known interactions between word order, coordination and relativization across a number of other languages. It also allows more direct compatibility with incremental semantic interpretation during parsing. The book covers topics in formal linguistics, intonational phonology, computational linguistics and experimental psycholinguistics, presenting them as an integrated theory of the language faculty in a form accessible to readers from any of those fields.

Table of Contents

Preface                                            xi
Introduction 1 (10)
PART I Grammar and Information Structure
Rules, Constituents, and Fragments 11 (20)
Constituents 12 (2)
Fragments 14 (8)
Issues of Power and Explanation 22 (5)
Grammar as an Applicative System 27 (4)
Intuitive Basis of Combinatory Categorial 31 (22)
Grammars
Pure Categorial Grammar 31 (4)
Interpretation and Predicate-Argument 35 (4)
Structure
Coordination 39 (1)
The Bluebird 40 (3)
The Thrush 43 (6)
The Starling 49 (4)
Explaining Constraints on Natural Grammar 53 (36)
Intrinsic Constraints Limiting the Set of 53 (6)
Possible Rules
Linguistic Constraints on Unbounded 59 (5)
Dependencies
Linguistic Constraints on Bounded 64 (6)
Dependencies
Quantification in CCG 70 (15)
Summary: Surface Structure and 85 (4)
Interpretation
Structure and Intonation 89 (44)
Surface Structure and Intonation Structure 92 (3)
Two Intonation Contours and Their Functions 95 (4)
Theme and Rheme 99 (7)
Focus and Background 106(3)
Grammar and Information Structure 109(10)
Intonation and the Simplex Clause 119(3)
Intonation in Complex Constructions 122(2)
Conclusion 124(9)
PART II Coordination and Word Order
Cross-Serial Dependencies in Dutch 133(38)
Word Order in Dutch 136(2)
Verb Raising as Composition 138(6)
Equi Verbs 144(2)
Argument Cluster Composition 146(9)
Relative Clauses 155(3)
Subject and Object Extraction from Embedded 158(1)
Clauses
Dutch Main-clause Order 159(5)
Interaction of Word order and Quantifier 164(2)
Scope
On the Rarity of Crossing Dependencies 166(5)
Appendix: Summary of the Dutch Fragment 167(4)
Gapping and the Order of Constituents 171(30)
Gapping and SOV Word Order 172(4)
Gapping and VSO Word Order 176(3)
Gapping and SVO Word Order 179(16)
Other Elliptical Phenomena 195(2)
A Cautious Conclusion 197(4)
PART III Computation and Performance
Combinators and Grammars 201(24)
Why Categories and Combinators? 201(2)
Why Bluebirds, Thrushes, and Starlings? 203(4)
Expressive Power 207(6)
Formalizing Directionality in Categorical 213(12)
Grammars
Appendix: Directionality as a Feature 216(9)
Processing in Context 225(30)
Anatomy of a Processor 226(20)
Toward Psychologically Realistic Parsers 246(5)
CCG Parsing for Practical Applications 251(4)
The Syntactic Interface 255(8)
Competence 255(3)
Acquisition 258(1)
Performance 259(4)
Notes 263(20)
References 283(38)
Index 321