Automated Lighting : The Art and Science of Moving Light in Theatre, Live Performance, Broadcast, and Entertainment

Automated Lighting : The Art and Science of Moving Light in Theatre, Live Performance, Broadcast, and Entertainment

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 474 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780240807034
  • DDC分類 778.5343

Table of Contents

Preface                                            xvii
Acknowledgments xix
SECTION 1: Introduction to Automated Lighting 1 (72)
Automated Lighting in the Global Village 3 (4)
The Foundation of the Automated Lighting 7 (28)
Industry
The Genesis of the Automated Lighting 7 (2)
Industry
Synchronicity 9 (6)
``If We Can Make It Change Color . . .'' 15 (9)
The Black Hole 24 (3)
For Sale: Automated Lighting 27 (3)
Sue Me, Sue You Blues 30 (2)
The Future of Automated Lighting 32 (3)
Automated Lighting Systems 35 (38)
Systems Overview 35 (1)
Rigging Systems 36 (4)
Aluminum Structures 38 (2)
Theatrical Rigging 40 (1)
Rigging Hardware 40 (1)
Power Distribution Systems 40 (15)
Disconnect Switch 44 (1)
Feeder Cable 44 (3)
Distribution Panels and Portable Power 47 (1)
Distribution Units (PPDUs)
Overcurrent Protection 47 (2)
Dimmers 49 (1)
Branch Circuits 50 (2)
Connectors 52 (1)
Worldwide Electrical Safety and Wiring 53 (1)
Codes
Compliance 54 (1)
Wire Gauges 54 (1)
Data Distribution Systems 55 (7)
Data Cables 56 (1)
Data Splitters 57 (1)
Data Amplifiers 58 (1)
Data Converters 59 (1)
Data Terminators 60 (1)
A/B Switches 61 (1)
Data Connectors 61 (1)
Control Systems 62 (4)
Automated Lighting Controllers 62 (1)
Automated Lighting Consoles 63 (1)
PC-Based Controllers 63 (1)
Dedicated Controllers 64 (1)
Playback Units 64 (1)
Remote Focus Units 65 (1)
Preset Stations 65 (1)
Media Servers 65 (1)
Redundant Backup Systems 65 (1)
Luminaires 66 (7)
Electrical Systems 68 (1)
Electronics Systems 69 (1)
Electromechanical Systems 69 (1)
Mechanical Systems 69 (1)
Optical Systems 69 (1)
Communications Systems 70 (3)
SECTION 2: Electricity and Electronics 73 (94)
DC Electricity 75 (16)
The Flow of Electrons 76 (1)
The Relative Size of Electrons 76 (1)
The Electron Drift Theory 76 (2)
Friction 78 (1)
Conductive Properties of Materials 79 (1)
Current Convention 79 (1)
Voltage, Current, and Resistance 80 (1)
Water and Electricity---Bad Mix, Good 81 (1)
Analogy
The DC Circuit 81 (1)
Units of Measure---Current, Voltage, 82 (1)
Resistance, Power
The Resistor Color Code 83 (2)
Resistor Wattage 85 (1)
Series Resistance 85 (1)
Parallel Resistance 86 (1)
Series/Parallel Resistance 87 (1)
Ohm's Law 88 (1)
DC Power 89 (2)
Electricity and Magnetism 91 (8)
Magnetic Lines of Flux 91 (1)
Electromagnetic Induction 92 (1)
Inducing Current 93 (2)
Alternating Current 95 (4)
AC Electricity 99 (26)
The Alternating Current Generator 99 (2)
Peak Value 101 (1)
Average Value 101 (2)
The Inductor 103 (2)
The Capacitor 105 (3)
Phase Relationships 108 (2)
Impedance 110 (2)
The Transformer 112 (2)
AC Power 114 (2)
Power Factor 116 (2)
Three-Phase Power 118 (1)
The Three-Phase Wye Configuration 119 (1)
Three-Phase Wye Connections 120 (1)
The Three-Phase Delta Configuration 120 (1)
Electrical Safety 121 (2)
Drugs and Alcohol 123 (2)
Power Supplies 125 (16)
The Diode 125 (4)
Half-Wave Rectification 126 (1)
Full-Wave Rectification 126 (3)
The DC Power Supply 129 (4)
Switched-Mode Power Supplies 133 (2)
Power Supplies for Arc Lamps 135 (6)
The Magnetic Ballast Power Supply 135 (2)
Electronic Switching Power Supply for 137 (1)
Gas Discharge Lamps
Advantages of Magnetic Ballast Power 138 (1)
Supplies
Disadvantages of Magnetic Ballast Power 139 (1)
Supplies
Advantages of Electronic Switching 139 (1)
Power Supplies
Disadvantages of Electronic Switching 140 (1)
Power Supplies
Overcurrent and Overvoltage Protection 141 (8)
Fuses 141 (3)
Circuit Breakers 144 (3)
Metal Oxide Varistors (MOVs) 147 (2)
Digital Electronics 149 (10)
Binary Numbering 149 (4)
Binary Offset 153 (1)
Hexadecimal Numbering 154 (1)
Digital Electronics 155 (1)
Electronic Switching 156 (1)
Data Transmission 157 (2)
Computer Architecture 159 (8)
The CPU 161 (1)
Memory 162 (2)
Input/Output Ports 164 (1)
The System Bus 165 (1)
Microprocessor Architecture 165 (1)
Execution of a Cue 166 (1)
SECTION 3: Electromechanical and Mechanical 167 (40)
Systems
Electromechanical Systems 169 (22)
Stepper Motors 170 (11)
Hybrid Stepper Motors 171 (2)
Single-Phase Excitation Mode 173 (2)
Dual-Phase Excitation Mode 175 (2)
Half-Step Excitation 177 (1)
Microstepping 177 (2)
Resonance 179 (1)
Stepper Motor Control Systems 180 (1)
Position Sensing and Encoding 181 (6)
The Mechanical Stop 182 (1)
Optical Sensing 183 (2)
Hall Effect Sensors 185 (1)
Focus Correction 186 (1)
Fans 187 (4)
Fan Types 188 (1)
Fan Cleaning and Maintenance 189 (2)
Mechanical Systems 191 (16)
Materials 192 (5)
Aluminum 193 (1)
Stainless Steel 194 (1)
Plastics 195 (1)
Glass 195 (1)
Metal Finishes 196 (1)
Fasteners 197 (6)
Thread Standards 199 (1)
Preventing Vibrational Loosening 199 (4)
Gears 203 (2)
Belts 205 (2)
SECTION 4: Optical Systems 207 (60)
Lamp Technology 209 (22)
The Incandescent Lamp 209 (10)
Incandescence 210 (1)
Gas Fill 211 (1)
Halogen Lamps 211 (2)
Color Temperature 213 (4)
Incandescent Lamp Efficiency 217 (1)
Dimming Incandescent Lamps 217 (2)
Discharge Lamps 219 (12)
Anatomy of a Discharge Lamp 219 (2)
Starting a Discharge Lamp 221 (1)
Hot Restrike Lamps 222 (1)
Discharge Lamp Characteristics 222 (4)
Lamp Life Ratings 226 (1)
Discharge Lamp Hazards 227 (4)
The Optical Path 231 (36)
Specular Reflection 232 (1)
Reflector Geometry 233 (5)
The Parabolic Reflector 233 (1)
The Elliptical Reflector 234 (3)
The Spherical Reflector 237 (1)
Reflector Materials 238 (2)
Infrared Filters 240 (1)
Mechanical Dimming 241 (1)
Optical Thin-Film Filters 242 (8)
The Deposition Process 243 (1)
Thin-Film Interference 244 (2)
Filter Types 246 (4)
Color Selection 250 (4)
Color Wheels 250 (1)
Color Combining 251 (2)
Color Mixing 253 (1)
Gobos 254 (4)
Metal Gobos 254 (2)
Glass Gobos 256 (2)
Front-Surface Mirrors 258 (1)
Antireflective Coatings 258 (2)
Effects 260 (1)
Lenses 260 (7)
Spherical Aberrations 263 (1)
Chromatic Aberration 263 (4)
SECTION 5: Communications 267 (48)
DMX512 269 (14)
The Physical Layer 271 (1)
Data Cable 272 (4)
DMX512 over CAT 5 276 (1)
DMX Connectors 276 (2)
Termination 278 (1)
Building a Data Network 278 (2)
DMX512 Data Protocol 280 (3)
DMX512-A 283 (6)
Alternate Start Codes 284 (1)
Reserved ASCs 284 (1)
Proprietary ASCs 285 (1)
Enhanced Function Topologies 285 (2)
Enhanced Function 1 286 (1)
Enhanced Function 2 286 (1)
Enhanced Function 3 287 (1)
Enhanced Function 4 287 (1)
Bidirectional Distribution 287 (1)
Amplifiers/Return Data Combiners
Termination 287 (1)
Isolation 287 (2)
Remote Device Management (RDM) 289 (8)
The RDM Physical Layer 290 (1)
The RDM Discovery Process 290 (2)
RDM Parameter Messages 292 (5)
Network Management Messages 293 (1)
Status Collection Messages 293 (1)
RDM Information Messages 293 (1)
Product Information Messages 294 (1)
DMX512 Setup Messages 294 (1)
Sensor Parameter Messages 294 (1)
Power and Lamp Setting Parameter 294 (1)
Messages
Display Setting Parameter Messages 295 (1)
Device Configuration Parameter Messages 295 (1)
Device Control Parameter Messages 295 (2)
Architecture for Control Networks (ACN) 297 (12)
The ACN Suite of Protocols 298 (2)
ACN Elements 300 (3)
Device Description Language 300 (1)
Device Management Protocol 301 (1)
Session Data Transport 302 (1)
The ACN Transport 303 (3)
Network Media 306 (3)
Menuing 309 (6)
SECTION 6: Maintenance and Troubleshooting 315 (20)
Preventive Maintenance and Troubleshooting 317 (18)
Common Sources of Problems: Heat, 319 (3)
Gravity, Age
Preventive Maintenance 322 (1)
Cleaning Automated Lighting Components 323 (1)
Lubrication 324 (1)
Troubleshooting 324 (11)
Troubleshooting Procedures 325 (2)
Common Failures 327 (8)
SECTION 7: Digital Lighting 335 (12)
Digital Lighting 337 (10)
The Digital Mirror Device 337 (5)
Digital Light Processing and LEDs 342 (1)
Liquid Crystal Displays 342 (1)
Perceived Brightness 343 (1)
Lamp Technology and Projection 344 (1)
The UHP Lamp 345 (2)
SECTION 8: Automated Lighting Programming 347 (18)
Automated Lighting Programming 349 (16)
Preshow Preparation 350 (3)
Backing Up 353 (1)
Patching Fixtures 354 (2)
Preparing Fixture Groups 356 (1)
Preparing Palettes 357 (1)
Program Blocking 358 (1)
On-Site Preparation 358 (1)
Programming Cues 359 (1)
Tracking 359 (2)
Blocking Cues 361 (1)
Mark Cues 361 (1)
Point Cues 361 (1)
Playback 361 (1)
Precedence 362 (1)
Busking 362 (1)
Perfecting the Craft 363 (2)
SECTION 9: Lighting Design with Automated 365 (62)
Luminaires
Automated Luminaire Types 367 (12)
Moving Yoke Fixtures 367 (1)
Moving Mirror Fixtures 368 (5)
Hybrids 373 (1)
Profile Spot Fixtures 373 (1)
Color Wash Fixtures 374 (1)
Fresnel Fixtures 374 (1)
Plano-Convex Fixtures 375 (1)
Cyc Lighting Fixtures 375 (1)
Exterior Luminaires 375 (1)
IP Ratings 376 (3)
Automated Lighting Applications 379 (14)
Key Light 380 (6)
Color Temperature and Balance 386 (1)
Fill Light and Back Light 387 (1)
Image Projection and Beam Projection 387 (1)
Color Wash 387 (1)
``Architainment'' 388 (5)
Ingress Protection 390 (1)
Serviceability 391 (2)
Automated Lighting in Production 393 (12)
Concerts and Touring 393 (1)
Theatre 394 (2)
Television 396 (1)
Industrial Shows and Corporate Events 397 (1)
Film 397 (1)
Houses of Worship 398 (3)
Nightclubs 401 (1)
Cruise Ships 402 (1)
Retail 403 (2)
Lighting Design Software 405 (8)
Computer-Aided Drafting 405 (3)
Rendering 408 (1)
Visualization 409 (1)
Lighting Paperwork 410 (3)
Design Issues 413 (14)
Movement 413 (1)
Color Consistency 414 (1)
Color Rendering 414 (1)
Color Correction 415 (1)
Magenta and Green Balance 415 (2)
Panning and Tilting 417 (1)
Color and Gobo Changes 417 (1)
Indexing (Hysteresis) 418 (1)
Dimming 418 (1)
Color Media 419 (1)
Fan and Motor Noise 419 (2)
Heat 421 (1)
Thermal Load Calculations 422 (2)
Remote-Controlled Followspots 424 (3)
SECTION 10: The Future of Automated Lighting 427 (24)
Technology
The Evolution of Automated Lighting 429 (8)
Technology
The Digital Lighting Revolution 437 (14)
Digital Lighting Luminaires 438 (2)
Media Servers 440 (2)
Content Development 442 (3)
Display Devices 445 (6)
Index 451