東アジア伝統資料集1:前近代<br>Sources of East Asian Tradition : Premodern Asia (Introduction to Asian Civilizations) 〈1〉

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東アジア伝統資料集1:前近代
Sources of East Asian Tradition : Premodern Asia (Introduction to Asian Civilizations) 〈1〉

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 909 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780231143059
  • DDC分類 950

基本説明

Illuminates life in early China and the First Imperial Age, as well as the profound impact of Daoism, Buddhism, the Confucian revival, and Neo-Confucianism, the origins of Korean culture and political structures, up through the Choson dynasty; and major developments in early and medieval Japan.

Full Description


In Sources of East Asian Tradition, Wm. Theodore de Bary offers a selection of essential readings from his immensely popular anthologies Sources of Chinese Tradition, Sources of Korean Tradition, and Sources of Japanese Tradition so readers can experience a concise but no less comprehensive portrait of the social, intellectual, and religious traditions of East Asia. Volume 1 samples writings from the earliest times to 1600, illuminating life in early China and the first imperial age, as well as the profound impact of Daoism, Buddhism, the Confucian revival, and Neo-Confucianism; the origins of Korean culture and political structures, up through the Choson dynasty; and major developments in early and medieval Japan. De Bary maintains his trademark balance of source materials, including seminal readings in the areas of history, society, politics, education, philosophy, and religion, thereby continuing his own tradition of providing an exceptional resource for teachers, scholars, students, and the general reader.

Table of Contents

Preface                                            xxiii
Acknowledgments xxv
PART ONE Traditional China
Explanatory Note 3
Contributors 5
Chronology 7
1. The Oracle-Bone Inscriptions of the Late 13
Shang Dynasty
DAVID N. KEIGHTLEY
The Shang Dynasty 13
The Oracle-Bone Inscriptions 15
The High God (Di) and Other Powers 16
Divination and Legitimation 19
The Legacy of Shang 20
2. Classical Sources of Chinese Tradition 22
BURTON WATSON, DAVID S. NIVISON, IRENE BLOOM
The Classic of Documents 25
The "Canon of Yao" and the "Canon of 25
Shun"
Shao Announcement 26
The Classic of Odes 27
From the Greater Odes 27
3. Confucius and the Analects 29
IRENE BLOOM
Selections from the Analects 32
4. Mozi: Utility, Uniformity, and Universal 41
Love
BURTON WATSON
Selections from the Mozi 43
Section 9: "Honoring the Worthy" (Part 43
2)
Section 11: "Identifying with the 14
Superior" (Part 9)
Section 16: "Universal Love" (Part 3) 46
Section 26: "The Will of Heaven" (Part 47
1)
Section 27: "The Will of Heaven" (Part 47
2)
Section 39: "Against Confucians" (Part 48
2)
5. The Way of Laozi and Zhuangzi 49
Metaphysics and Government in the Laozi 49
I. Bloom
From the Daodejing 51
Transformation and Transcendence in the 60
Zhuangzi
B. Watson, A.C. Graham
From Chapter 1, "Free and Easy 61
Wandering" (BW)
From Chapter 2, "The Sorting Which 62
Evens Things Out" (ACG, IB)
From Chapter 3, "The Secret of Caring 65
for Life" (BW)
From Chapter 4, "In the World of Men" 66
(BW)
From Chapter 6, "The Great and 67
Venerable Teacher" (BW)
From Chapter 7, "Fit for Emperors and 68
Kings"
W.T. de Bary
6. The Evolution of the Confucian Tradition 69
in Antiquity
Mencius 71
I. Bloom
Selections from the Mencius 73
The Duty of Ministers to Reprove a Rider 76
The Well-Field System of Landholding 80
Mencius' Arguments with Yang Zhu and 82
Mozi
Xunzi (IB) 92
Selections from the Xunzi 94
Chapter 1: "Encouraging Learning" 94
Chapter 2: "Cultivating Oneself" 97
Chapter 9: "The Regulations of the King" 97
Chapter 17: "A Discussion of Heaven" 99
Chapter 19: "A Discussion of Rites" 101
Chapter 23: "Human Nature as Evil" 102
The Zuozhuan 104
B. Watson
Selection from the Zuozhuan 104
7. Legalists and Militarists 106
The Guanzi 108
W. Allyn Rickett
The Book of Lord Shang 109
J.J.L. Duyvendak
The Han Feiz* 112
B. Watson
Li Si: Legalist Theories in Practice (BW) 115
Memorial on the Abolition of the 116
Enfeoffment System
Memorial on the Burning of Books 117
Memorial on Exercising Heavy Censure 118
The Military Texts: The Sunzi 119
K. Smith
Selections from the Sunzi 121
8. The Han Reaction to Qin Absolutism 126
Jia Yi: "The Faults of Oin" 127
D.W.Y. Kwok
The Rebellion of Chen She and Wu Guang 129
B. Watson
The Rise of Liu Bang, Founder of the Han 129
(BW)
Liu Bang Becomes the First Emperor of the 130
Han Dynasty (BW)
9. Syncretic Visions of State, Society, and 131
Cosmos
HAROLD ROTH, SARAH QUEEN, NATHAN SIVIN
The Theoretical Basis of the Imperial 132
Institution
The Springs and Autumns of Mr. Lu (NS) 132
The Round Way 133
The Huang-Lao Silk Manuscripts (HR, SO) 134
Book 1: Normative Standards, Part 1 134
Nonnative Standards, Part 5 136
The Guanzi 138
Techniques of the Mind, I (HR) 138
The Syncretist Chapters of the Zhitangzi 140
A.C. Graham, B. Watson
The World of Thought (BW) 141
The Huainanzi on Rulership (HR) 143
Huainanzi 9, "The Techniques of 143
Ridership"
Huainanzi 14, "Inquiring Words" 144
The Medical Microcosm (NS) 145
The Divine Pivot 147
A Syncretist Perspective on the Six 149
Schools
Sima Tan: "On the Six Lineages of 150
Thought" (HR, SQ)
10 The Imperial Order and Han Syntheses 152
Guidelines for Han Rulers 153
D.W.Y. Kwok
Lu Jia: The Natural Order and the Human 154
Order
Jia Yi: The Primacy of the People 156
Dong Zhongshu 157
Luxuriant Gems of the Spring and Autumn 159
Annals
S. Queen
Deriving Political Norms from 159
Microcosmic and Macrocosmic Models
"The Conduct of Heaven and Earth" 160
The Responsibilities of Rulership 161
"Establishing the Primal Nuinen" 161
"The Way of the King Penetrates three" 162
Defining Human Nature 163
"An In-Depth Examination of Names and 163
Designations"
Interpreting Omens 164
"Humaneness Must Precede Wisdom" 164
Self-Cultivation 164
"Standards of Humaneness and Rightness" 164
The Issue of Moral Autonomy 166
The Codifying of the Confucian Canon 167
B. Watson
State Orthodoxy 167
State University 167
Civil Service 168
The Rivalry Between Legalism and 168
Conhicianisiu
The Confucian Canon 169
The Formation of the Classic of Changes 170
R.J. Lynn
The Commentary on the Appended Phrases, 172
Part 1
The Commentary on the Appended Phrases, 173
Part 2
Heaven, Earth, and the Human in the Classic 174
of Filiality
W.T. De Bary
The Classic of Filiality 175
The Record of Rites and the Ritual Tradition 178
The Great Learning 179
I. Bloom
The Mean (IB) 181
"The Meaning of Sacrifices" (IB) 184
The "Evolution of Rites" (BW) 185
The "Record of Music" (IB) 186
Ban Gu: Discourses in the White Tiger Hall 187
Han Views of the Universal Order (BW) 188
The Creation of the Universe 188
From the Huainanzi 188
The Five Phases 189
The Reconstruction of Chinese History 191
The Concept and Marking of Time 192
11. The Economic Order 194
BURTON WATSON
Chao Cuo: Memorial on the Encouragement 195
of Agriculture
Dong Zhongshu: Memorial on Land Reform 197
State Control of Commerce and Industry 198
The Debate on Salt and Iron 199
The Reforms of Wang Mang 201
Wang Mang: Edict on Land Reform 202
12. The Great Han Historians 205
BURTON WATSON
The Records of the Grand Historian 206
Sima Qian: The Sacred Duty of the 208
Historian
The Writing of the First Dynastic 209
History
13. Learning of the Mysterious 211
RICHARD JOHN LYNN, WING-TSIT CHAN
Wang Bi (RJL) 212
General Remarks on the Changes of the 213
Zhou (RJL)
The Sage (RJL) 214
Cuo Xiang: Commentary on the Zhuangzi 214
(WTC)
14. Daoist Religion 217
NATHAN SIVIN, KRISTOFER SCHIPPER
Commandments of Lord Lao (KS) 219
The Divine Incantations Scripture (NS) 220
15. The Introduction of Buddhism 223
LEON HURVITZ, TSAI HENG-TING
Basic Teachings of Buddhism 223
The Coming of Buddhism to China 228
Mouzi: Disposing of Error 229
Huiyuan: "A Monk Does Not Bow Down 231
Before a King"
Admonitions of the Fanwang Sutra (THT) 234
16. Schools of Buddhist Doctrine 238
LEON HURVITZ, BURTON WATSON, DANIEL
STEVENSON, GEORGE TANABE, WING-TSIT CHAN
The General Character of Doctrinal 238
Buddhism
Schools of Chinese Buddhist Philosophy 240
The Three-Treatise School 241
Jizang: The Profound Meaning of the 243
Three Treatises (LH)
The Lotus School: The Tiantai Synthesis 244
(DS)
Excerpts from the Lotus Sutra (BW) 246
Huisi: The Method of Calming and 256
Contemplation in the Mahayana (LH)
The Flower Garland (Ihrayan) School (GT) 257
The Flower Garden Sutra 257
Buddhism's Assimilation to Tang Political 260
Culture (C. Orzech)
The Humane King as Protector of Buddhism 260
17. Schools of Buddhist Practice 264
LEON HURVITZ, DANIEL STEVENSON, PHILIP B.
YAMPOLSEY, CHワN-FANG Yワ*
The Pure Land School 264
Daochuo: Compendium on the Happy Land 266
(DS, LH)
Shandao: "The Parable of the White Path" 268
W.T. de Bary
The Meditation School 270
The Platform Sutra of the Sixth 273
Patriarch (PY)
The Legend of Baizhang, "Founder" of 279
Chan Monastic Discipline
T.G. Foulk
Regulations of the Chan School (TGF) 281
The Chanyuan Monastic Code 283
Buddhist Rituals and Devotional Practices 288
(CFY)
Zhongfeng Mingben: Admonition on 288
Filiality
18. Social Life and Political Culture in the 290
Tang
The Role of Confucianism in the Tang 291
House Instructions of Mr. Yan 292
A. Dien
The Great Tang Code 296
W. Johnson
Zhangsun Wuji: The Tang Code 297
Han Yu and the Confucian "Way" 301
C. Hartman
"Essentials of the Moral Way" (CH) 302
Memorial on the Bone of Buddha 305
B. Watson
Emperor Wuzong's Edict on the 306
Suppression of Buddhism (BW)
19. The Confucian Revival in the Song 308
WM. THEODORE DE BARY
The Confucian Program of Reform 311
The Way as the Basis for Government 313
Policy
Cheng Yi: Memorial to Emperor Renzong 313
The New Laws of Wang Anshi 315
Wang Anshi: Memorial to Emperor Renzong 319
Wang Anshi: In Defense of Five Major 322
Policies
Opposition to the New Laws of Wang Anshi 324
Sima Guang: A Petition to Do Away with 324
the Most Harmful of the New Laws
"The Learning of the Emperors" and the 326
Classics Mat
Fan Zuyu: The Learning of the Emperors 327
M. Guarino
Cheng Yi: Letter to the Empress Dowager 328
Concerning the Classics Mat (MG)
The Writing of History 329
C. Schirokauer
Sima Guang: History as Mirror (CS) 331
Zhu Xi: History and Philosophy in Tandem 333
B. Watson
20. Neo-Confucianism: The Philosophy of Human 336
Nature and the Way of the Sage
Zhou Dunyi: The Metaphysics and Practice of 338
Sagehood
Joseph Adler
"Explanation of the Diagram of the 339
Supreme Polarity"
Penetrating the Classic of Changes 342
Zhang Zai and the Unity of all Creation 344
W.T. Chan
The "Western Inscription" 344
Correcting Youthful Ignorance 345
The Cheng Brothers: Principle, Human 347
Nature, and the Learning of the Way (WTC)
Principle and the Universe 347
Human Nature 348
Cheng Hao's Reply to Zhang Zai's Letter 349
on the Stabilizing of Human Nature
Reverent Seriousness and Humanity 349
On Understanding the Nature of Humanity 350
The Synthesis of Song Neo-Confucianism in 351
Zhu Xi
W.T. Chan, W.T. de Bary
Principle and Material-Force 353
The Supreme Ultimate (Polarity) 355
Human Nature, the Nature of Things, and 356
Their Destiny
The Nature as Principle 356
The Psycho-Physical Nature 357
The Mind-and-Heart 358
21. Zhu Xi's Neo-Confucian Program 361
WM. THEODORE DE BARY
Preface to the Great Learning by Chapter 362
and Phrase
The Great Learning by Chapter and Phrase, 1364
Chapter
Preface to the Mean by Chapter and Phrase 368
The Mean by Chapter and Phrase, Chapter 1 372
Personal Proposals for Schools and 373
Official Recruitment
R.G. Chu
"Articles of the White Decr Grotto 374
Academy"
Preface to the Family Rituals 376
Patricia Ebrey
"Proposal for Community Granaries" 378
Thomas H.C. Lee
Proclamation of Instructions 380
R.G. Chu
"The L Family Community Compact, Amended 383
and Emended"
J. Meskill
22. Ideological Foundations of Late Imperial 387
China
WM. THEODORE DE BARY, EDWARD FARMER, JOHN
DARDESS
Xu Heng and Khubilai Khan (WTdB) 387
Five Measures Required by the Times 388
The Examination Debate Under Khubilai 390
Sage King and Sage Minister: Ouyang 393
Xuan on Khubilai and Xu Heng
Ming Foundations of Late Imperial China 394
Ming Taizu: August Ming Ancestral 395
Instruction (EF)
Education and Examinations (JD) 397
Ming Taizu: Placard for the Instruction 398
of the People (EF)
23. Neo-Confucian Education 402
WM. THEODORE DE BARY
Zhu Xi: Preface to the Elementary Learning 404
Wang Yinglin: The Three Character Classic 405
The Standard School Curriculum 408
Zhen Dexiu: "Instructions for Children" 409
R.G. Chu
Women's Education 410
T. Kelleher
Ban Zhao: Admonitions for Women 411
N.L. Swann
Madam Cheng: Classic of Filiality for 415
Women (TK)
Song Ruozhao: Analects for Women (TK) 418
Empress Xu: Instructions for the Inner 422
Quarters (TK)
24. Self and Society in the Ming 428
Wang Yangming 429
Wang Yangming's New Learning of the 429
Mind-and-Heart
Memoir on the Reconstruction of Shanyin 430
Prefectural School
W.T. de Bary
"Questions on the Great Learning" 431
W.T. Chan
The Identification of Mind and Principle 434
The Unity of Knowing and Acting 435
The Colloquy at the Tianquan Bridge 435
Social and Political Measures of Wang 437
Yangming
Fundamental Ideas on Elementary 437
Education (WTC)
The Community Compact for Southern 439
Ganzhou (WTC)
The Wang Yangming School 441
Wang Gen: The Common Man as Sage (WTdB) 442
The Huainan Investigation of Things 444
"Clear Wisdom and Self-Preservation" 445
Li Zhi: Arch-Individualist (WTdB) 446
The Childlike Mind-and-Heart 448
Phony Sages 448
The Legitimacy of Being Self-Interested 450
Luo Qinshun and the Philosophy of Qi 451
I. Bloom
Monism of Qi 452
Human Nature 454
Desires and Feelings 454
The Practical Learning of L Kun 455
J.H. Smith
Restoration of Community Schools 456
Morality Books 458
R.G. Chu, WTdB
The Treatise of the Most Exalted One on 459
Moral Retribution (WTC)
The Silent Way of Recompense (WTC) 461
The Donglin Academy 463
H. Busch, WTdB
Gu Xiancheng: Compact for Meetings of 465
the Donglin Academy
Liu Zongzhou on Life and Death 468
T. Weiming
"Teaching on Life and Death" 468
Glossary of Key Terms 471
Pinyin to Wade-Giles Romanization Chart 474
PART TWO Traditional Korea
Explanatory Note 479
Contributors 481
Chronology 483
25. Origins of Korean Culture 485
The Foundation Myth 486
Tangun 487
Korea in the Chinese Dynastic Histories 488
Accounts of the Eastern Barbarians 488
26. The Rise of the Three Kingdoms 491
King Chinhung's Monument at Maun Pass 492
Political Thought 493
Ch'ang Chori 494
Social Structure 494
King Hungdok's on Clothing, Carts, and 495
Housing
Sol Kyedu 496
27. The Introduction of Buddhism 497
Paekche Buddhism 498
Kyomik and the Disciplinary School 499
Hyongwang and the Lotus Scripture 499
Silla Buddhism 501
Popkong Declares Buddhism the National 501
Faith
Maitreya and Esoteric Buddhism 504
Maitreya's Incarnation as a Hwarang 504
The Hwarang 506
Origins of the Hwarang 507
28. Consolidation of the State 508
Unification of the Three Kingdorhs 508
Account of the Silla-Tang War 509
Confucian Political Thought 510
King Sinmun's Proclamation of His 510
Accession
Confucian Learning 511
The Royal Confucian Academy 512
Daoism 512
Inscription on an Image at Kamsan 513
Monastery (Silla)
29. The Rise of Buddhism 515
Wonhyo's Buddhist Philosophy 517
Introduction to Exposition of the 519
"Adamantine Absorption Scripture"
Arouse Your Mind and Practice! 522
Commentary on the Awakening of Faith 524
Diagram of the Dharmadhau According to 524
the One Vehicle
Belief in the Pure Land 526
Ungmyon 527
30. Local Clans and the Rise of the Meditation 528
School
The Rise of Local Chiefs 529
Establishment of the Meditation School 530
The Life of Musang 530
Toui: Questions and Answers with Chief of 532
Clerics Chiwon
31. Early Koryo Political Structure 534
Founding of Koryo 535
Formation of Government 536
Wang Kon: Ten Injunctions 536
Development of Confucian Polity 538
Ch'oe Stmgno: On Current Affairs 538
Ch'oe Ringno: On Buddhism 539
32. Military Rule and Late Koryo Reform 540
Establishment of Military Rule 541
Ch'oe Ch'unghon: The Ten Injunctions 542
Establishment of the Personnel Authority 543
Private Armies 543
Relations with the Mongols 544
Yi Chehyon: Opposition to Yuan Policies 545
Late Koryo Reforms 546
Yi Chehyon: Reform Proposals 546
Yi Saek: Memorial on Current Affairs 548
33. Buddhism: The Ch'ont'ae and Chogye Schools 550
Resurgence of Buddhism 551
Chinul: The Compact of the Samadhi and 552
Prajna Community
Chinul and the Chogye School 553
Chinni: Excerpts from the Exposition of 554
the "Flower Garland Scripture": Preface
Publication of the Tripitaka 556
Yi Kyubo: Royal Prayer on the Occasion of 557
the Production of the Tripitaka
34. Neo-Confucianism 558
Yi Saek: The Spread of Neo-Confucianism 559
Chong Tojon: Philosophical Rebuttal of 559
Buddhism and Daoism
History 561
Kim Pusik: On Presenting the Historical 561
Record of the Three Kingdoms to the King
35. Political Thought in Early Choson 563
Ruling the New Dynasty 563
Kwon Kun: On Royal Action 564
New Government 564
Chong Tojon: On the Prime Minister 565
The Way of Principle 566
Cho Kwangjo: On Problems of the Time 566
Cho Kwangjo: On the Superior Man and the 367
Inferior Man
On Sage Learning 567
Yi Hwang: Memorial on Six Points 568
Yi I: Memorial in Ten Thousand Words 571
36. Culture 573
Invention of the Korean Alphabet 574
King Sejong: Preface to Correct Sounds to 574
Instruct the People
Chong Inji: Postscript to Correct Sounds 575
to Instruct the People
Ch'oe Malli: Opposition to the Korean 575
Alphabet
Education and Scholarship 576
Chong Tojon: Establishment of Schools 577
Royal Confucian Academy 577
White Cloud Grotto Academy 578
The Recruitment Examinations 578
Song Hyon: On the Civil Service 579
Examination
Printing Books 580
Song Hyon: On Printing 581
37. Social Life 582
The Role of Rites 583
Song Hyon: The Fundamental Role of Rites 583
Yi Chi: On the Establishment of Domestic 584
Shrines
The Position of Women 584
On Differentiating Between Main Wife and 585
Concubine
On Treating the Main Wife 585
Prohibition Against Remarriage of Women 586
Sin Sukchu: House Rules 587
38. Economy 590
The Land System 591
Chong Tojon: On Land 591
Promotion of Agriculture 592
King Sejong: Edict for the Promotion of 593
Agriculture
39. Thought 595
Yi Hwang and the Sage Learning 595
Ten Diagrams on Sage Learning 596
Yi I 603
Letter to Song Hon 604
40. Buddhism 606
Kihwa 606
Treatise on Manifesting Rightness 607
Kim Sisup 608
On No-Thought 608
Hyujong 608
Secrets of Meditation and Doctrine 609
PART THREE Traditional Japan
Explanatory Note 613
Contributors 615
Chronology 617
41. The Earliest Records of Japan 621
Japan in the Chinese Dynastic Histories 623
Accounts of the Eastern Barbarians 624
History of the Kingdom of Wei 624
History of the Sui Dynasty 626
The Earliest Japanese Chronicles 627
Birth of the Land 628
42. Early Shinto 630
Legends Concerning Shinto Deities 632
Birth of the Sun Goddess 633
Descent of the Divine Grandson with the 634
Three Imperial Regalia
Shinto Prayers 635
Norito for the Festival of the Sixth Month 636
The Great Exorcism of the Last Day of the 637
Sixth Month
43. Prince Shotoku and His Constitution 640
The Reign of Suiko and Rule of Shotoku 642
The Empress Suiko 642
The Seventeen-Article Constitution of 646
Prince Shotoku
The Lotus Sutra 651
The Vimalakirti Sutra 652
44. Chinese Thought and Institutions in Early 656
Japan
Chinese-Style History and the Imperial 662
Concept
From the Preface to Records of Ancient 663
Matters
Emperor Jinmu 664
The Reform Era 666
Inauguration of the Great Reform Era 666
Reform Edicts 667
The Commentary on the Legal Code 669
Regulations for Fitness Reports 669
New Compilation of the Register of 670
Families
Preface in the Form of a Memorial to 670
Emperor Saga
45. Nara Buddhism 672
The Sutra of the Golden Light 676
Buddhism and the State in Nara Japan 677
Proclamation of the Emperor Shomu on the 677
Erection of the Great Buddha Image
The Bodhisattva Gyogi 678
Regulation of the Buddhist Orders by the 680
Court
Edicts of the Empress Shetoku Concerning 681
Dokyo
Edict of October 19, 764 681
Edict of November 26, 766 682
The Merger of Buddhist and Shinto Deities 683
46. Saicho and Mount Hiei 684
RYUSAKU TSUNODA, PAUL GRONER
The Tendai Lotus Teaching 689
Saicho: Vow of Uninterrupted Study of 689
the Lotus Sutra
Regulations for Students of the 690
Mountain School in Six Articles I
Regulations for Students of the 692
Mountain School II
Subsequent History of Tendai and Mount 695
Hiei (PG)
47. Kukai and Esoteric Buddhism 698
Kfikai and His Master 702
The Transmission of Esoteric Buddhism 702
Enlightenment in This Bodily Existence 704
The Ten Stages of Religious Consciousness 706
Recapitulation of the Ten Stages of 707
Religious Consciousness
A School of Arts and Sciences 708
The Spread of Esoteric Buddhism 709
Sex and Buddhahood: A Shingon Heresy 712
Selections from The Precious Mirror 712
Annen: "Maxims for the Young" 714
48. Amida, the Pure Land, and the Response of 719
the Old Buddhism to the New
Traditional Pure Land Buddhism 725
Genshin: The Essentials of Salvation 725
Innovators of the New Pure Land Buddhism 727
Honen: The One-Page Testament 727
Shinran: The Lamentation and 728
Self-Reflection of Gutoku Shinran
Shinran: A Record in Lament of 729
Divergencies
Rennyo: Rennyo's Rules 730
Ippen: Selections from A Hundred Sayings 731
The Revival of Earlier Buddhism 732
Myoe: Smashing the Evil Chariot 732
Jokei: Gedatsu Shonin's Petition for 735
Reviving the Precepts
49. New Views of History 737
PAUL VARLEY
Medieval Uses of the Past 739
Jien 740
Gukansho 741
One Hundred Kings 744
Helping Emperors Rule 744
An Appeal to Retired Emperor Go-Toba 745
Kitabatake Chikafusa and the Southern 746
Court
Direct Succession of Gods and Sovereigns 747
Fujiwara and Murakaini Genji as 750
Assistants to Emperors
On Imperial Restoration 751
50. The Way of the Warrior 754
PAUL VARLEY
Taira and Minamoto 758
The Tale of Hogen 759
The Tale of the Heike 761
"The Mighty Fall at Last, They Are Dust 761
Before the Wind"
Eastern Warriors 762
The Taira as Courtier-Warriors 763
Chronicle of Great Peace: The Loyalist 765
Heroes
51. Nichiren: The Sun and the Lotus 773
PHILIP B. YAMPOLSKY
"Rectification for the Peace of the 775
Nation"
The Eye-Opener 779
52. Zen Buddhism 782
WILLIAM BODIFORD
Zen in Japan 784
Eisai: Propagation of Zen for the 787
Protection of the State
Dogen: How to Practice Buddhism 792
"The Fully Apparent Case" 794
Buddha Nature 795
Muso Soseki: Sermon at the Dedication 797
of Tenryuji Dharma Hall
Reflections on the Enmity Between 799
Go-Daigo and the Shogun, Ashikaga
Takauji
53. Shinto in Medieval Japan 801
Yoshida Kanetomo: Essentials of Prime Shinto 806
A. Grapard
Kitabatake Chikafusa: Chronicle of the 809
Direct Succession of Gods and Sovereigns
54. The Vocabulary of Japanese Aesthetics 815
The Way of Tea 815
P. Varley
Drink Tea and Prolong Life 820
Murata Shuko: "Letter of the Heart" 821
The Spiritual Basis of the Tea Ceremony 822
55. Women's Education 824
Keisei: A Companion in Solitude 825
R. Pandey
Muju Ichien: Mirror for Women 826
R. Morrell
56. Law and Precepts for the Warrior Houses 829
PAUL VARLEY
The Joei Code 830
The Law of the Muromachi Shogunate 832
The Kenmu Code 833
The Law of the Warrior Houses in the Age 835
of War in the Provinces
The Yaki House Code 837
Precepts of the Warrior Houses 839
House Precepts in the Sengoku Age 841
"Seventeen-Article Testament of Asakura 842
Toshikage"
57. The Regime of the Unifiers 845
JURGIS S.A. ELISONAS
Oda Nobunaga 849
The Assault on Mount Hiei and the 849
Blessings of Nobunaga
Nobunaga in Echizen 850
Letters from the Battleground 850
Nobunaga in Azuchi 851
The Proud Tower 851
The Free Market of Azuchi 852
Toyotomi Hideyoshi 854
Domestic Policies 854
The Disarmament of the Populace 854
Restrictions on Change of Status 856
The Laws and Regulations of the Taikei 857
The Korean War 859
Letter to the King of Korea 859
Keinen: "Korea Day by Day" 860
Bibliography 863
Index 875