The Mobility of Workers under Advanced Capitalism : Dominican Migration to the United States

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The Mobility of Workers under Advanced Capitalism : Dominican Migration to the United States

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 227 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780231116237
  • DDC分類 331.12791

基本説明

Using Dominicans in New York City as a case study, Hernández challenges the old belief that workers necessarily migrate from one region to another because of supply and demand.

Full Description


What explains the international mobility of workers from developing to advanced societies? Why do workers move from one region to another? Theoretically, the supply of workers in a given region and the demand for them in another account for the international mobility of laborers. Job seekers from less developed regions migrate to more advanced countries where technological and productive transformations have produced a shortage of laborers. Using the Dominican labor force in New York as a case study, Ramona Hernandez challenges this presumption of a straightforward relationship between supply and demand in the job markets of the receiving society. She contends that the traditional correlation between migration and economic progress does not always hold true. Once transplanted in New York City, Hernandez shows, Dominicans have faced economic hardship as the result of high levels of unemployment and underemployment and the reality of a changing labor market that increasingly requires workers with skills and training they do not have.Rather than responding to a demand in the labor market, emigration from the Dominican Republic was the result of a de facto government policy encouraging poor and jobless people to leave-a policy in which the United States was an accomplice because the policy suited its economic and political interests in the region.

Table of Contents

        List of Tables                             xi
Acknowledgments xv
Introduction 1 (1)
The Mobility of Labor in Response to Demand 1 (4)
An Alternative Reading of Labor Mobility 5 (1)
The Changing Economy: No Need for Extra 6 (2)
Hands
Emigration as an Expulsion of Workers 8 (5)
Life in the Metropolis 13 (6)
PART I. Leaving the Land of the Few 19 (68)
The Great Exodus: Its Roots 21 (30)
Explaining Dominican Migration 23 (3)
The Middle Class and the Urban Background: 26 (7)
Deconstruction of a False Identity
The Making of a Migratory Movement: An 33 (1)
Alternative Reading
The United States, the Rise of Balaguer, 34 (5)
and the Circulation of Capital and Workers
The Politics of Stability: Family Planning 39 (12)
and Emigration
Economic Growth and Surplus Population 51 (36)
The Road to Modernization: Import 52 (4)
Substitution
The Cattle-Agricultural Sector 56 (4)
Urban Centers and the Mobility of Surplus 60 (3)
Labor
Economic Rearticulation in Search of 63 (6)
Accumulation
The Reproduction of Labor Power and Surplus 69 (3)
Labor: The Antecedent to Emigration
Economic Accumulation and Crisis 72 (10)
Public Spending 82 (2)
A General Assessment of Migrants and 84 (3)
Migration from the Dominican Republic
PART 2. Settling in the Land of Dreams 87 (98)
The Perception of a Migratory Movement 89 (31)
Hard Work, High Poverty: Life in the 97 (6)
Metropolis
The Head of the Household: A Woman's Story 103(5)
The Washington Heights Dominican Community: 108(4)
The Construction of an Image
The Untold Story: The Other Face of a 112(5)
Community
Marginalization and Poverty Among 117(3)
Dominicans: An Assessment
Dominicans in the Labor Market 120(29)
Dominicans as Workers in New York City 121(1)
The Larger Economic Picture 122(2)
The Restructuring of the Economy: A Theory 124(3)
of Job Creation
Industrial Distribution of Dominican Labor 127(3)
Force
Occupational Distribution 130(1)
Earnings 131(2)
Labor Force Participation Rates and 133(3)
Unemployment
Explaining Labor Market Differentiations 136(2)
Poor Labor Market Outcomes Among 138(4)
Dominicans: Current Explanations
Toward an Alternative Explanation 142(2)
Concerning Labor Market Outcomes Among
Dominicans
The Limits of Demand 144(5)
On the International Mobility of Labor 149(28)
Labor Mobility and Demand 152(2)
Migration and Declining Labor Demand at the 154(7)
Core
Looking for More Than Just Human Capital 161(3)
Qualities
In Sum, the Restructuring of the Economy: 164(4)
No Need For Extra Hands
Contesting and Controlling Mass Immigration 168(3)
in the Land of Opportunities
Surplus Here, Surplus There, Surplus 171(6)
Everywhere: Displaced Workers and the State
Conclusion: Assessing the Present and 177(8)
Auguring the Future
The United States 177(1)
The Dominican Republic 178(3)
The Dominican People 181(4)
Appendix: Figures 185(12)
Notes 197(8)
Works Cited 205(12)
Index 217