Echolocation in Bats and Dolphins

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Echolocation in Bats and Dolphins

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 688 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780226795980
  • DDC分類 599

Full Description


Although bats and dolphins live in very different environments, are vastly different in size, and hunt different kinds of prey, both groups have evolved similar sonar systems, known as echolocation, to locate food and navigate the skies and seas. While much research has been conducted over the past 30 years on echolocation in bats and dolphins, this volume is the first to compare what is known about echolocation in each group, to point out what information is missing and to identity future areas of research. "Echolocation in Bats and Dolphins" consists of six sections: mechanisms of echolocation signal production; the anatomy and physiology of signal reception and interpretation; performance and cognition; ecological and evolutionary aspects of echolocation mammals; theoretical and methodological topics; and possible echolocation capability in other mammals, including shrews, seals and baleen whales. Animal behaviourists, ecologists, physiologists and both scientists and engineers who work in the field of bioacoustics should benefit from this book.

Table of Contents

Preface                                            ix
Introduction A Comparison of the Sonar xiii
Capabilities of Bats and Dolphins
Whitlow W.L. Au
Part One ECHOLOCATION SIGNAL PRODUCTION,
FEEDBACK, AND CONTROL SYSTEMS
1 Introduction: Vocal Control and 3 (14)
Acoustically Guided Behavior in Bats
Gerd Schuller and Cynthia F. Moss
2 New Aspects of Doppler-Shift Compensation 17 (5)
in the Horseshoe Bat, Rhinolophus rouxi
Oliver Behrend and Gerd Schuller
3 Sensory-Motor Behavior of Free-Flying FM 22 (5)
Bats during Target Capture
Willard W. Wilson and Cynthia F. Moss
4 Biosonar Pulse Production in Odontocetes: 27 (9)
The State of Our Knowledge
Ted W. Cranford and Mats Amundin
5 Comparison of Click Characteristics among 36 (4)
Odontocete Species
Koji Nakamura and Tomonari Akamatsu
6 Structure of Harbor Porpoise (Phocoena 40 (3)
phocoena) Acoustic Signals with High
Repetition Rates
Willem C. Verboom and Ronald A. Kastelein
7 Echolocation in the Risso's Dolphin, 43 (7)
Grampus griseus: A Preliminary Report
Jennifer D. Philips, Paul E. Nachtigall,
Whitlow W.L. Au, Jeffrey L. Pawloski, and
Herbert L. Roitblat
8 Echolocation and Social Signals from 50 (3)
WhiteBeaked Dolphins, Lagenorhynchus albi
rostris, Recorded in Icelandic Waters
Marianne H. Rasmussen and Lee A. Miller
9 Acoustic Properties of Echolocation 53 (6)
Signals by Captive Pacific White-Sided
Dolphins (Lagenorhynchus obliquidens)
Margaret Falmer, Jeanette Thomas, Ken
Ramirez, and Jeff Boehm
10 Modeling of the Click-Production Mechanism 59 (5)
in the Dolphin
Nikolai A. Dubrovskiy and Ludmila R. Giro
11 The Harbor Porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) 64 (8)
-Modeling the Sonar Transmission Mechanism
A. David Goodson, James A. Flint, and Ted
W. Cranford
Part 1 Literature Cited 72 (17)
Part Two AUDITORY SYSTEMS IN ECHOLOCATING
MAMMALS
12 Introduction: The Ears of Whales and Bats 89 (10)
Marianne Vater and Manfred K sl
13 Cochlear Anatomy Related to Bat 99 (5)
Echolocation
Marianne Vater
14 Otoacoustic Emissions and Cochlear 104 (5)
Mechanisms in Echolocatiog Bats
Manfred K sl, Elisabeth Foeller, and
Michael Faulstich
15 The Effect of Projector Position on the 109 (6)
Underwater Hearing Thresholds of Bottlenose
Dolphins (Tursiops truncates) at 2, 8, and 12
kHz
Carolyn E. Schlundt, Donald A. Carder,
and Sam H. Ridgway
16 Central Auditory Processing of Temporal 115 (8)
Information in Bats and Dolphins
Zoltan M. Fuzessery, Albert S. Feng, and
Alexander Supin
17 Midbrain Integrative Mechanisms and 123 (6)
Temporal Pattern Analysis in Echolocating Bats
Ellen Covey
18 Sensitivity to Interaural Time Differences 129 (7)
in the Sound Envelope in the Inferior
Colliculus and Auditory Cortex of the Pallid
Bat
Zoltan M. Fuzessery and Thomas D. Lohuis
19 Temporal Dynamics of Amplitude-Tuning of 136 (5)
the Little Brown Bat in the Inferior
Colliculus
Alexander V. Galazyuk, Kenneth R. White,
and Albert S. Feng
20 Neural Processing of Target Distance: 141 (5)
Transformation of Combination-Sensitive
Responses
Christine V. Portfors and Jeffrey J.
Wenstrup
21 Neural Mechanisms Underlying the Analysis 146 (7)
of Target Distance
Jeffrey J. Wenstrup, Scott A. Leroy,
Christine V. Portfors, and Carol D. Grose
22 Temporal Processing of Rapidly Following 153 (8)
Sounds in Dolphins: Evoked-Potential Study
Alexander Ya. Supin and Vladimir V. Popov
23 Chemical Neuroanatomy of the Inferior 161 (12)
Colliculus in Brains of Echolocating and
Nonecholocating Mammals: Immunocytochemical
Study
Ilya L. Glezer, Patrick Hof, Peter J.
Morgane, Anna Fridman, Tamara Isakova,
Donald Joseph, Arun Nair, Preety Parhar,
Abraham Thengampallil, Sanjay Thomas,
Ravi Venugopal, and Gariel H. Jung
24 Feature Extraction and Neural Activity: 173 (3)
Advances and Perspectives
Nobuo Suga
25 Feature Extraction in the Mustached Bat 176 (9)
Auditory Cortex
William E. O'Neill
26 The Auditory Cortex of the Little Brown 185 (5)
Bat, Myotislucifugns
Donald Wong
27 Processing of Frequency-Modulated Sounds 190 (6)
in the Carollia Auditory and Frontal Cortex
Karl-Heinz Esser and Arne Eiermann
28 Corticofugal Modulation of Midbrain 196 (5)
Auditory Sensitivity in the Bat
Philip H. -S. Jen, Xinde Sun, Qi Cai
Chen, Jiping Zhang, and Zhou Xiaoming
29 Auditory Communication and Echolocation in 201 (7)
the Mustached Bat: Computing for Dual
Functions within Single Neurons
Jagmet S. Kanoval, J.P. Peng, and
Karl-Heinz Esser
30 The Auditory Cortex of the Horseshoe Bat: 208 (6)
Neuroarchitecture and Thalamic Connections of
Physiologically Characterized Fields
Susanne Radtke-Schuller
31 Modulation of Frequency Tuning of Thalamic 214 (8)
and Midbrain Neurons and Cochlear Hair Cells
by the Descending Auditory System in the
Mustached Bat
Nobuo Suga, Yun feng Zhang, John F.
Olsen, and Jun Yan
32 Relationship between Frequency and Delay 222 (4)
Tuning in the FM Bat Myotislucifuges
Donald Wong and Kejian Chen
Part 2 Literature Cited 226 (23)
Part Three PERFORMANCE AND COGNITION IN
ECHOLOCATING MAMMALS
33 Introduction: Performance and Cognition in 249 (11)
Echolocating Mammals
W. Mitchell Masters and Heidi E. Harley
34 The Significance of Multimodal Orientation 260 (2)
in Phyllostomid Bats
Uwe Schmidt, Miriam Schlangen, Philipp
Krasemann, and Patrick Holler
35 Frequency Processing at Search Call 262 (4)
Frequencies in Eptesicus fuscus: Adaptations
for LongDistance Target Classification?
Boris von Stebut and Sabine Schmidt
36 Forward Masking and the Consequences on 266 (2)
Echo Perception in the Gleaning Bat,
Megadermalyra
Ilonka Siewert, Tanjamaria Schillingen,
and Sabine Schmidt
37 The Relationship of Detection Thresholds 268 (5)
to the Number of Echoes in the Big Brown Bat,
Eptesicus fuscus
Annemarie Surlykke
38 Bats Learning to Use Echoes with 273 (5)
Unfamiliar Time-Frequency Structures
W. Mitchell Masters and Kelley A.S. Raver
39 Object Recognition by Dolphins 278 (5)
Herbert L. Roitblat
40 Identity versus Conditional Cross-Modal 283 (5)
Matching by the Bottlenose Dolphin
Heidi E. Harley
41 Dolphin Echolocation Shape Perception: 288 (10)
From Sound to Object
Adam A. Pack, Louis M. Herman, and
Matthias Hoffmann-Kuhnt
Part 3 Literature Cited 298 (13)
Part Four ECOLOGICAL AND EVOLUTIONARY ASPECTS
OF ECHOLOCATING MAMMALS
42 Introduction: Ecological and Evolutionary 311 (16)
Aspects of Echolocation in Bats
Annette Denzinger, Elisabeth K.V. Kalko,
and Gareth Jones
43 Evolution of Bat Defense in Lepidoptera: 327 (4)
Alternatives and Complements to Ultrasonic
Hearing
Jens Rydell
44 Evolution of Echolocation and Foraging 331 (8)
Behavior in Bats
Hans- Ulrich Schnitzler, Elisabeth K.V.
Kalko, and Annette Denzinger
45 Do Echolocation Signal Parameters Restrict 339 (6)
Bats' Choice of Prey?
Robert D. Houston, Arjan M. Boonman, and
Gareth Jones
46 Cryptic Species of Echolocating Bats 345 (5)
Gareth Jones and Kate E. Barlow
47 Aerial-Feeding Bats: Getting the Most Out 350 (6)
of Echolocation
M. Brock Fenton
48 Discrimination of Prey during Trawling by 356 (5)
the Insectivorous Bat, Myotis daubentonii
Robert D. Houston and Gareth Jones
49 Energy Cost of Echolocation in Stationary 361 (4)
Insectivorous Bats
John R. Speakman, Winston C. Lancaster,
Sally Ward, Gareth Jones, and Kate C. Cole
50 The Role of Arctiid Moth Clicks in Defense 365 (7)
against Echolocating Bats: Interference with
Temporal Processing
Jakob Toegaard, Lee A. Miller, and James
A. Simmons
51 Auditory Adaptations of Katydids for the 372 (8)
Detection and Evasion of Bats
Paul A. Faure and Ronald R. Hoy
52 How Extrinsic Sounds Interfere with Bat 380 (6)
Biosonar
Lee A. Miller, Vibeke Futtrup, and
Dorothy C. Dunning
53 Functional Aspects of Echolocation in 386 (7)
Dolphins
Denise L. Heazing and Manuel E. dos Santos
54 Echolocation Recordings and Localization 393 (7)
of Wild Spinner Dolphins (Stenella
longirostris) and Pantropical Spotted
Dolphins (S. attenuata) Using a
Four-Hydrophone Array
Michiel Schotten, Whitlow W.L. Au, Marc
O. Lammers, and Roland Aubauer
55 A Case for Passive Sonar: Analysis of 400 (4)
Click Train Production Patterns by Bottlenose
Dolphins in a Turbid Estuary
Manuel E. dos Santos and Vitor C. Almada
56 Social and Nonsocial Uses of Echolocation 404 (6)
in Free-Ranging Stenella frontalis and
Tursiops truncates
Denise L. Herzing
57 Variable Spectra and Nondirectional 410 (4)
Characteristics of Clicks from Near-Surface
Sperm Whales (Physeter catodon)
William A. Watkins and Mary Ann Daher
58 A Comparative Analysis of the Pulsed 414 (5)
Emissions of Free-Ranging Hawaiian Spinner
Dolphins (Stenella longirostris)
Marc O. Lammers, Whitlow W.L. Au, Roland
Aubauer, and Paul E. Nachtigall
59 Clicks Produced by Captive Amazon River 419 (6)
Dolphins (mia ngeoffrensis) in Sexual Context
Paula Moreno, Cees Kamminga, and Avi B.
Cohen Stuart
60 High-Frequency Burst-Pulse Sounds in 425 (6)
Agonistic/ Aggressive Interactions in
Bottlenose Dolphins, Tursiops truncates !
Christer Blomgvist and Mats Amundin
Part 4 Literature Cited 431 (28)
Part Five ECHOLOCATION THEORY, ANALYSIS
TECHNIQUES, AND APPLICATIONS
61 Introduction: A Biologically Plausible 459 (9)
Framework for Auditory Perception in FM Bats
Mathew J. Palakal and Donald Wong
62 Recent Methodological Advances in the 468 (10)
Recording and Analysis of Chiropteran
Biosonar Signals in the Field
Stuart Parsons and Martin K. Obrist
63 Call Character Lexicon and Analysis of 478 (6)
Field Recorded Bat Echolocation Calls
William L. Gannon, Michael J. O'Farrell,
Chris Corben, and Edward J. Bedrick
64 Who's Calling? Acoustic Bat Species 484 (8)
Identification Revised with Synergetics
Martin K. Obrist, Ruedi Boesch, Peter F.
Fl kiger, and Ulrich Dieckmann
65 Synthetic Aperture and Image Sharpening 492 (9)
Models for Animal Sonar
Richard A. Altes
66 Biomimetic Sonar Objects from Echoes 501 (6)
Roman Kuc
67 An Investigation of Active Reception 507 (7)
Mechanisms for Echolocators
Ashley Walker, Herbert Peremans, and John
Hallam
68 Acoustic Simulation of Phantom Target 514 (4)
Echoes in Dolphin Behavioral Experiments
Roland Aubauer, Whitlow W.L. Au, and Paul
E. Nachtigall
Part 5 Literature Cited 518 (13)
Part Six POSSIBLE ECHOLOCATION ABILITIES IN
OTHER MAMMALS
69 Introduction: Pinniped Sensory Systems and 531 (4)
the Echolocation Issue
Ronald J. Schusterman, David Kastak,
David H. Levenson, Colleen
ReichmuthKastak, and Brandon L. Southal
70 Ultrasonic Underwater Sounds from a 535 (6)
Captive Leopard Seal (Hydrurga leptonyx)
Frank T. Awbrey, Jeanette A. Thomas, and
William E. Evans
71 Vocalizations from Weddell Seals 541 (6)
(Leptonychotes weddellii) during Diving and
Foraging
William E. Evans, Jeanette A. Thomas, and
Randall W. Davis
72 Echolocation in Insectivores and Rodents 547 (17)
Jeanette A. Thomas and Mersedeh S. Jalili
73 Potential Use of Low-Frequency Sounds by 564 (18)
Baleen Whales for Probing the Environment:
Evidence from Models and Empirical
Measurements
Christopher W. Clark and William T.
Ellison
Part 6 Literature Cited 582 (9)
Author Index 591 (10)
Subject Index 601