野性の娘、自然児、怪物:啓蒙思想期の危険な実験<br>The Wild Girl, Natural Man, and the Monster : Dangerous Experiments in the Age of Enlightenment

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野性の娘、自然児、怪物:啓蒙思想期の危険な実験
The Wild Girl, Natural Man, and the Monster : Dangerous Experiments in the Age of Enlightenment

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 314 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780226160566
  • DDC分類 128.09033

基本説明

This study looks at the lives of the most famous "wild children" of eighteenth-century Europe, showing how they open a window onto European Ideas about potential and perfectivity of mankind.

Full Description


This study looks at the lives of the most famous "wild children" of eighteenth-century Europe, showing how they open a window onto European ideas about the potential and perfectibility of mankind. Julia V. Douthwaite recounts reports of feral children, such as the wild girl of Champagne (captured in 1731 and baptized as Marie-Angelique Leblanc), and offers a fascinating glimpse into beliefs about the difference between man and beast, and the means once used to civilize the uncivilized. A variety of educational experiments failed to tame these feral children by the standards of the day. After telling their stories, Douthwaite turns to literature that reflects upon similar experiments to perfect human subjects. Her examples range from utopian schemes for progressive childrearing to philosophical tales of animated statues, from revolutionary theories of regenerated men to Gothic tales of scientists run amok.Encompassing thinkers such as Rousseau, Sade, Defoe, and Mary Shelley as well as many lesser-known diarists, journalists, scientists, and novelists, Douthwaite shows how the Enlightenment conceived of mankind as an infinitely malleable entity, first with optimism, then with growing apprehension. Exposing the darker side of eighteenth-century thought, she demonstrates how advances in science gave rise to troubling new ethical concerns, as parents joined scientists and politicians in trying to perfect mankind - with disastrous results.

Table of Contents

        List of Illustrations                      ix
Acknowledgments xi
Introduction 1 (10)
Wild Children
Establishing the Boundaries of Nature and 11 (59)
Science
Defining the Human 14 (7)
Peter of Hanover Idiot or Idol? 21 (8)
Marie - Angelique Leblanc: Monstrous 29 (24)
Femininity
Victor de l'Aveyron: The Last Natural Man 53 (17)
The Animated Statue and the Plasticity of 70 (135)
Mankind
Sensibility and Animated Statues 71 (11)
Experimental Methods in Flux 82 (5)
Sensibility and Perfectibility Political 87 (6)
Dimensions
Compromised Idylls
Natural Man and Woman Encultured 93 (41)
Nature's Resistance to Culture: Locke and 95 (20)
Rousseau
Isolation as a Philosophical Conceit: 115(19)
Defoe, Kirkby, Beaurieu, and Dulaurens
Raising the Rational Child
Real-Life Experiments and Alternatives to 134(27)
Rousseau
Three Famous Cases 136(9)
Alternative Schemes for Raising the 145(16)
Rational Child
Perfectibility in the Revolutionary Era
Utopian Politics and Dystopian Fictions 161(44)
The Revolutionary Homme Regenere 163(19)
Pedagogical Dystopias: Edgemorth and 182(10)
Fenwick
Scientific Dystopias: Reveroni Saint-Cyr 192(13)
and Sade
Epilogue Monstrous Imperfection 205(18)
Notes 223(80)
Index 303