スプロール小史<br>Sprawl : A Compact History

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スプロール小史
Sprawl : A Compact History

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 301 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780226076911
  • DDC分類 307.76

基本説明

New in paperback. Hardcover was published in 2005. Demonstrates that sprawl is neither recent nor particularly American but as old as cities themselves.

Full Description


As anyone who has flown into Los Angeles at dusk or Houston at midday knows, urban areas today defy traditional notions of what a city is. Our old definitions of urban, suburban, and rural fail to capture the complexity of these vast regions with their superhighways, subdivisions, industrial areas, office parks, and resort areas pushing far out into the countryside. Detractors call it sprawl and assert that it is economically inefficient, socially inequitable, environmentally irresponsible, and aesthetically ugly. Robert Bruegmann calls it a logical consequence of economic growth and the democratization of society, with benefits that urban planners have failed to recognize. In his incisive history of the expanded city, Bruegmann overturns every assumption we have about sprawl. Taking a long view of urban development, he demonstrates that sprawl is neither recent nor particularly American but as old as cities themselves, just as characteristic of ancient Rome and eighteenth-century Paris as it is of Atlanta or Los Angeles. Nor is sprawl the disaster claimed by many contemporary observers. Although sprawl, like any settlement pattern, has undoubtedly produced problems that must be addressed, it has also provided millions of people with the kinds of mobility, privacy, and choice that were once the exclusive prerogatives of the rich and powerful. The first major book to strip urban sprawl of its pejorative connotations, Sprawl offers a completely new vision of the city and its growth. Bruegmann leads readers to the powerful conclusion that "in its immense complexity and constant change, the city-whether dense and concentrated at its core, looser and more sprawling in suburbia, or in the vast tracts of exurban penumbra that extend dozens, even hundreds, of miles-is the grandest and most marvelous work of mankind." "Largely missing from this debate [over sprawl] has been a sound and reasoned history of this pattern of living. With Robert Bruegmann's Sprawl: A Compact History, we now have one. What a pleasure it is: well-written, accessible and eager to challenge the current cant about sprawl."--Joel Kotkin, The Wall Street Journal"There are scores of books offering 'solutions' to sprawl. Their authors would do well to read this book."--Witold Rybczynski, Slate

Table of Contents

Introduction                                       1  (16)
PART 1 sprawl across the centuries
1 Defining Sprawl 17 (4)
2 Early Sprawl 21 (12)
3 Sprawl in the Interwar Boom Years 33 (9)
4 Sprawl in the Postwar Boom Years 42 (9)
5 Sprawl since the 1970's 51 (45)
6 The Causes of Sprawl 96 (19)
PART 2 the diagnosis: three campaigns against
sprawl
7 Early Anti-sprawl Arguments 115(2)
8 The First Anti-sprawl Campaign: Britain 117(4)
in the 1920's
9 The Second Anti-sprawl Campaign: The 121(16)
United States in the Postwar Years
10 The Third Anti-sprawl Campaign: Since the 137(32)
1970's
PART 3 the prescription: remedies for sprawl
11 Early Remedies: From Anti-blight to 169(4)
Anti-sprawl
12 Postwar Anti-sprawl Remedies 173(26)
13 Anti-sprawl Remedies since the 1970's 199(21)
Some Conclusions 220(6)
Acknowledgments 226(5)
Notes 231(46)
Bibliographic Essay 277(4)
Index 281