ローマの聴衆:社会史としての古典文学<br>The Roman Audience : Classical Literature as Social History

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ローマの聴衆:社会史としての古典文学
The Roman Audience : Classical Literature as Social History

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 327 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780198718352
  • DDC分類 870.9

Full Description


Who were Roman authors writing for? Only a minority of the population was fully literate and books were very expensive, individually hand-written on imported papyrus. So does it follow that great poets and prose authors like Virgil and Livy, Ovid and Petronius, were writing only for the cultured and the privileged? It is this modern consensus that is challenged in this volume.In an ambitious overview of a thousand years of history, from the formation of the city-state of Rome to the establishment of a fully Christian culture, T. P. Wiseman examines the evidence for the oral delivery of 'literature' to mass public audiences. The treatment is chronological, utilizing wherever possible contemporary sources and the close reading of texts. Wiseman sees the history of Roman literature as an integral part of the social and political history of the Roman people, and drawssome very unexpected inferences from the evidence that survives. In particular, he emphasizes the significance of the annual series of 'stage games' (ludi scaenici), and reveals the hitherto unexplored common ground of literature, drama, and dance. Direct, accessible, and clearly written, The RomanAudience provides a fundamental reinterpretation of Roman literature as part of the historical experience of the Roman people, making it essential reading for all Latinists and Roman historians.

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations                      xii
1 Times, Books, and Preconceptions 1 (9)
1.1 The longue duree 1 (2)
1.2 Paper 3 (1)
1.3 Books 4 (2)
1.4 Literature as a Public Performance 6 (4)
2 Rome Before Literature: Indirect Evidence 10 (19)
2.1 Evidence from Homer 10 (4)
2.2 Evidence from Terracotta 14 (5)
2.3 Rome and Athens 19 (2)
2.4 Honouring Gods 21 (3)
2.5 Fragments and `History' 24 (1)
2.6 Marking the Days 25 (4)
3 Rome Before Literature: Dionysus and Drama 29 (21)
3.1 Pots Painted, Bronze Engraved 29 (7)
3.2 Republican Rome 36 (6)
3.3 The Roman Games 42 (3)
3.4 Rome and Alexandria 45 (2)
3.5 The Turning-point 47 (3)
4 An Enclosure with Benches 50 (13)
4.1 Theatrum and Scaena 50 (1)
4.2 Plautus and the Cauea 51 (4)
4.3 In the Forum, in the Circus 55 (4)
4.4 Terence and the Cauea 59 (2)
4.5 Curtains and Steps 61 (2)
5 Makers, Singers, Speakers, Writers 63 (16)
5.1 Ennius and the Vates 63 (5)
5.2 Ennius as Impersonator 68 (2)
5.3 Cato and Polybius 70 (3)
5.4 Lucilius and Varro 73 (6)
6 A Turbulent People 79 (15)
6.1 The Political Stage 79 (2)
6.2 Pompey and the Theatre 81 (1)
6.3 When Cicero Wasn't in Rome 82 (3)
6.4 Pompey's Games 85 (3)
6.5 Poets and Dancers 88 (5)
6.6 Before the Disaster 93 (1)
7 Rethinking the Classics: 59--42 BC 94 (20)
7.1 Lucretius and Philodemus 95 (3)
7.2 Demetrius, Historians, Caesar 98 (4)
7.3 Caesar and Catullus 102(3)
7.4 Catullus 61--64 105(5)
7.5 The Greek Stage in Rome 110(3)
7.6 The Ides of March, and After 113(1)
8 Rethinking the Classics: 42--28 BC 114(24)
8.1 Virgil's Eclogues 114(1)
8.2 Sallust 115(3)
8.3 Horace's Satires 118(3)
8.4 Virgil's Georgics 121(4)
8.5 Virgil's `Epyllion' 125(4)
8.6 Livy and Horace 129(5)
8.7 The Republic Restored 134(4)
9 Rethinking the Classics: 28 BC-AD 8 138(25)
9.1 The Citizens, the Audience 139(2)
9.2 Horace's Epistles 141(5)
9.3 Tibullus and Propertius 146(4)
9.4 Ovid and Virgil 150(2)
9.5 Augustus and the `Secular Games' 152(4)
9.6 Horace and Ovid 156(3)
9.7 Ovid's Fasti 159(4)
10 Under the Emperors 163(20)
10.1 First-Century Poets 164(2)
10.2 First-Century Playwrights 166(3)
10.3 Prose Fiction and History 169(3)
10.4 Lucian in the Theatre 172(3)
10.5 Integrating Evidence 175(5)
10.6 Christians 180(3)
Notes 183(110)
Bibliography 293(22)
Index of Passages 315(3)
General Index 318