戦争への制約:国際人道法入門(第4版)<br>Constraints on the Waging of War : An Introduction to International Humanitarian Law (4TH)

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戦争への制約:国際人道法入門(第4版)
Constraints on the Waging of War : An Introduction to International Humanitarian Law (4TH)

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 295 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9781107600324
  • DDC分類 341.67

基本説明

Fourth edition includes developments resulting from the global war on terror.

Full Description


This fully revised fourth edition of Constraints on the Waging of War considers the development of the principal rules of international humanitarian law from their origins to the present day. Of particular focus are the rules governing weapons and the legal instruments through which respect for the law can be enforced. Combining theory and actual practice, this book appeals to specialists as well as to students turning to the subject for the first time.

Table of Contents

Foreword                                           xi
1 Introduction 1 (7)
1.1 War and law 1 (2)
1.2 Sources of the law of armed conflict 3 (2)
1.3 Implementation and enforcement 5 (1)
1.4 Structure of this book 6 (2)
2 The main currents: The Hague, Geneva, New 8 (22)
York
2.1 The Hague 8 (8)
2.1.1 The Hague Peace Conferences 10 (4)
2.1.2 The League of Nations period 14 (1)
2.1.3 The Post-Second World War period 15 (1)
2.2 Geneva 16 (4)
2.3 New York 20 (4)
2.3.1 The Nuremberg Principles 20 (1)
2.3.2 The UN General Assembly and the 21 (1)
`atomic bomb'
2.3.3 The UN General Assembly and 22 (1)
`human rights in armed conflicts'
2.3.4 The UN General Assembly and wars 23 (1)
of national liberation
2.3.5 The UN General Assembly and 23 (1)
conventional weapons
2.4 Confluence: 1977 and beyond 24 (6)
3 The law before the Protocols of 1977 30 (52)
3.1 Scope of application 30 (2)
3.2 The law and military necessity 32 (1)
3.3 The Hague 33 (12)
3.3.1 Armed forces, combatants 33 (2)
3.3.2 Means of warfare 35 (2)
3.3.3 Methods of warfare 37 (1)
3.3.4 Military objectives and 38 (3)
protection of the civilian population
3.3.5 Nuclear weapons 41 (1)
3.3.6 Cultural property 42 (3)
3.4 Geneva 45 (23)
3.4.1 Protected persons 45 (3)
3.4.2 Principle of protection 48 (1)
3.4.3 First Convention 48 (3)
3.4.4 Second Convention 51 (2)
3.4.5 Third Convention 53 (5)
3.4.6 Fourth Convention 58 (1)
3.4.6a General protection of 58 (2)
populations against certain
consequences of war
3.4.6b Provisions common to the 60 (1)
territory of parties to the conflict
and to occupied territory
3.4.6c Aliens in the territory of a 61 (1)
party to the conflict
3.4.6d Occupied territory 62 (4)
3.4.6e Internment 66 (1)
3.4.6f Information bureaux and Tracing 66 (1)
Agency
3.4.7 Common Article 3 66 (2)
3.5 Implementation and enforcement 68 (14)
3.5.1 Instruction and education 69 (1)
3.5.2 Protecting powers and other 69 (3)
humanitarian agencies
3.5.3 Collective responsibility 72 (1)
3.5.3a Reciprocity 73 (1)
3.5.3b Reprisals 74 (1)
3.5.3c Compensation 75 (2)
3.5.3d External pressure 77 (1)
3.5.3e Collective punishment 78 (1)
3.5.4 Individual responsibility 79 (3)
4 The Protocols of 1977 82 (87)
4.1 Protocol I 83 (59)
4.1.1 Character of the law 83 (1)
4.1.2 Scope of application 84 (1)
4.1.3 Combatant and prisoner-of-war 85 (1)
status
4.1.3a Qualification as `armed force' 86 (1)
and `combatant': general rules
4.1.3b The individual obligation of 87 (1)
combatants to distinguish themselves
from civilians
4.1.3c Exception to the general rule of 88 (2)
distinction
4.1.3d Espionage 90 (1)
4.1.3e Mercenaries 91 (1)
4.1.3f Treatment in case of doubt about 91 (1)
status
4.1.4 Methods and means of warfare 92 (1)
4.1.4a Basic rules 92 (2)
4.1.4b Perfidy and ruses of war 94 (2)
4.1.4c Emblems, flags and uniforms 96 (1)
4.1.4d Quarter 96 (2)
4.1.4e Occupants of an aircraft in 98 (1)
distress
4.1.5 Protection of the civilian 99 (1)
population
4.1.5a Basic rule and field of 99 (2)
application
4.1.5b Civilians and combatants 101(1)
4.1.5c Civilians and direct 102(2)
participation in hostilities
4.1.5d Civilian objects and military 104(2)
objectives
4.1.5e Two main lines of protection 106(1)
4.1.5f Prohibition of attacks against 107(3)
the civilian population and civilian
objects
4.1.5g Prohibition to attack specified 110(3)
objects
4.1.5h Precautionary measures 113(5)
4.1.5i `New' rules and nuclear weapons 118(1)
4.1.5j Localities and zones under 119(2)
special protection
4.1.5k Civil defence 121(3)
4.1.6 Wounded, sick and shipwrecked 124(1)
4.1.6a General remarks 124(3)
4.1.6b Medical units, medical 127(3)
personnel, religious personnel
4.1.6c Medical transportation 130(2)
4.1.6d Identification 132(1)
4.1.6e General protection of medical 133(1)
duties
4.1.6f Role of the civilian population 134(1)
and of aid societies
4.1.6g Other matters 135(1)
4.1.7 Relief in favour of the civilian 136(2)
population
4.1.8 Treatment of persons in the power 138(4)
of a party to the conflict
4.2 Protocol II 142(8)
4.2.1 Scope of application 142(2)
4.2.2 Protected persons 144(1)
4.2.3 Humane treatment 145(2)
4.2.4 Wounded, sick and shipwrecked 147(1)
4.2.5 Civilian population 148(2)
4.3 Implementation and enforcement 150(19)
4.3.1 Instruction and education 151(1)
4.3.2 Protecting powers and `other 152(2)
humanitarian agencies'
4.3.3 Collective responsibility 154(1)
4.3.3a Reciprocity 155(1)
4.3.3b Reprisals 156(3)
4.3.3c Compensation 159(1)
4.3.4 Individual responsibility 160(1)
4.3.4a Individual criminal liability 160(2)
4.3.4b Superior responsibility 162(1)
4.3.4c Protocol II 163(1)
4.3.5 Other measures of implementation 164(1)
and enforcement
4.3.5a Activities of the Red Cross and 164(1)
Red Crescent and other humanitarian
organisations
4.3.5b International activities for the 165(1)
promotion of international humanitarian
law
4.3.5c International Humanitarian 166(3)
Fact-Finding Commission
5 Post-1977 developments 169(111)
5.1 Developments in the law on weapons 169(25)
5.1.1 Prohibitions or restrictions on 169(1)
use of conventional weapons
5.1.1a The Convention on Conventional 170(4)
Weapons
5.1.1b Protocol I on Non-Detectable 174(1)
Fragments
5.1.1c Protocol II on Mines, Booby 175(3)
Traps and Other Devices
5.1.1d Protocol III on Incendiary 178(2)
Weapons
5.1.1e Protocol IV on Blinding Laser 180(1)
Weapons
5.1.1.f Amended Protocol II on Mines, 181(2)
Booby Traps and Similar Devices
5.1.1g Protocol V on Explosive Remnants 183(3)
of War
5.1.1h Note on reciprocity and 186(1)
reprisals in the CCW Protocols
5.1.2 Prohibitions on use, production, 187(1)
etc. of weapons
5.1.2a The Ottawa Convention on 187(2)
Anti-Personnel Mines
5.1.2b The Convention on Cluster 189(1)
Munitions
5.1.2c Biological and chemical weapons 190(4)
5.2 Other substantive developments 194(29)
5.2.1 The San Remo Manual on Warfare at 194(4)
Sea
5.2.2 The HPCR Manual on Air and 198(13)
Missile Warfare
5.2.3 The Second Protocol to the 1954 211(5)
Hague Convention for the Protection of
Cultural Property in the Event of Armed
Conflict
5.2.4 Optional Protocol to the 216(2)
Convention on the Rights of the Child
on the Involvement of Children in Armed
Conflict
5.2.5 Protocol III Additional to the 218(2)
Geneva Conventions of 1949: the `Red
Crystal'
5.2.6 The notion of armed conflict: 220(1)
variations on a theme
5.2.7 Making the law of war applicable 221(2)
in internal armed conflict
5.3 International and domestic actors 223(57)
5.3.1 The United Nations 223(1)
5.3.1a The Security Council 223(2)
5.3.1b The Secretary-General 225(2)
5.3.2 The International Court of Justice 227(1)
5.3.2a Legality of threat or use of 227(4)
nuclear weapons (Advisory Opinion of
1996)
5.3.2b Legal consequences of the 231(3)
construction of a wall in the Occupied
Palestinian Territory (Advisory Opinion
of 2004)
5.3.2c Armed activities in the 234(3)
Territory of the Congo (The Democratic
Republic of the Congo v. Uganda,
Judgment of 19 December 2005)
5.3.2d Application of the Convention on 237(3)
the Prevention and Punishment of the
Crime of Genocide (Bosnia and
Herzegovina v. Serbia and Montenegro,
Judgment of 26 February 2007)
5.3.2e Jurisdictional immunities of the 240(1)
state (Germany v. Italy, Application of
23 December 2008)
5.3.3 The Yugoslavia and Rwanda 241(1)
Tribunals
5.3.3a Jurisdiction 241(2)
5.3.3b Superior responsibility 243(1)
5.3.3c Role and rights of the victims 244(1)
5.3.3d Exit strategy 245(1)
5.3.4 The International Criminal Court 246(1)
5.3.4a Jurisdiction 247(2)
5.3.4b Exercise of jurisdiction, 249(2)
complementarity
5.3.4c General principles, including 251(2)
superior responsibility
5.3.4d The victims 253(2)
5.3.4e Cases before the Court 255(1)
5.3.4f The exercise of jurisdiction 256(2)
over the crime of aggression
5.3.5 Mixed tribunals 258(1)
5.3.5a Extraordinary Chambers in the 258(1)
Courts of Cambodia (ECCC)
5.3.5b Special Court for Sierra Leone 259(1)
(SCSL)
5.3.5c The Special Panels for Serious 260(1)
Crimes (SPSC) in East Timor
5.3.5d The mixed courts of Kosovo 261(1)
5.3.6 Claims commissions 262(1)
5.3.6a The UN Compensation Commission 262(1)
5.3.6b The Eritrea-Ethiopia Claims 263(3)
Commission
5.3.7 Human rights bodies 266(1)
5.3.7a Applicable law 267(3)
5.3.7b Extraterritorial jurisdiction 270(3)
5.3.8 National jurisdictions 273(3)
5.3.9 The International Red Cross and 276(1)
Red Crescent Movement
5.3.9a The structure of the Movement 276(2)
5.3.9b The ICRC 278(2)
6 Conclusion 280(2)
Index 282