法看護学(第2版)<br>Forensic Nursing Science (2ND)

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法看護学(第2版)
Forensic Nursing Science (2ND)

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 672 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780323066372
  • DDC分類 614.1

基本説明

Previous ed.: 2005.

Full Description


Written and edited by the most respected authorities in forensic nursing and forensic sciences, this new edition provides the tools and concepts you need to collect evidence that is admissible in court, determine the significance of that evidence, and provide accurate, reliable testimony while administering high-quality patient care. Now in full color throughout, it remains the most comprehensive, highly illustrated text of its kind.

Table of Contents

  UNIT ONE INTRODUCTION TO FORENSIC NURSING        1  (32)
SCIENCE
1 Evolution of Forensic Nursing Science 1 (9)
Virginia A. Lynch
Scientific Foundations of Forensic Nursing 1 (1)
Violence and Healthcare 1 (1)
Overview of Forensic Sciences 2 (1)
Forensic Science and Public Health 3 (1)
Forensic Medicine 3 (1)
Forensic Pathology 3 (1)
Clinical Forensic Medicine 3 (1)
Forensic Nursing 4 (4)
Specialty Recognition 5 (1)
Framework for Accountability 6 (1)
Framework for Practice: Nursing Process 6 (1)
Nursing Diagnosis: Basis for Nursing 7 (1)
Care Plans
Prevention of Violence 7 (1)
Future of Forensic Nursing Science 8 (1)
Summary 8 (1)
Resources 8 (1)
References 8 (2)
2 Concepts and Theory of Forensic Nursing 10 (10)
Science
Virginia A. Lynch
The Science of Forensic Nursing 10 (1)
Theoretical Foundations 10 (2)
Assumptions Applied and Defined 10 (1)
Truth 11 (1)
Paradigms, Theories, and Ways of Knowing 11 (1)
Components of Theoretical Concepts 11 (1)
Assumptions of the Theory 12 (1)
Propositions 12 (1)
Application of Propositions 12 (1)
Theoretical Components of Forensic Nursing 12 (1)
Descriptive Theory 12 (1)
Prescriptive Theory 12 (1)
Practice Theory 13 (1)
An Integrated Practice Model 13 (1)
Description of the Integrated Practice 13 (1)
Model
Explanation of the Pictorial Model 13 (1)
Explanatory Theory: Interactionism 14 (1)
Metaparadigms 15 (1)
Person (Patient, Victim, Suspect, 15 (1)
Perpetrator, Human Behavior)
Health (Healthcare Institutions, 15 (1)
Nursing Science, Individuals or Groups,
Physical or Mental)
Nursing (Nursing Science, Forensic 15 (1)
Nursing Science and Practice)
Environment (Human Experience, Societal 15 (1)
Impact, Healthcare Systems,
Correctional Facilities, Courts)
Relevance and Roles 16 (1)
Relevance 16 (1)
Roles 16 (1)
Prevention and Risk Reduction 17 (1)
Predictive Theory 17 (1)
Deterrent to Crime 18 (1)
Summary 18 (1)
Resources 19 (1)
References 19 (1)
3 Forensic Nursing Education 20 (13)
Arlene Kent-Wilkinson
Forensic Nursing Educational Programs 20 (2)
Nursing Specialty Education 20 (1)
Forensic Nursing Specialty 20 (1)
Specialty Status 20 (1)
History of Forensic Nursing Educational 20 (2)
Development
Research to Date on Forensic Nursing 22 (1)
Education
Research on the Need for Forensic 22 (1)
Nursing
Early Research to Date 22 (1)
2008 Forensic Nursing Education Study 22 (2)
Findings in the Descriptive Statistics 23 (1)
Definitions of Forensic Nursing 24 (2)
Research Definition of Forensic Nursing 24 (1)
Differential Forensic Nursing 25 (1)
Definitions
Implications for Interprofessional 25 (1)
Education
Forensic Nursing Model 26 (1)
Social Factors Influencing Educational 26 (2)
Development
Organizations/Professional 27 (1)
Associations' Influence on Forensic
Nursing Education
Influences of Institutions of Higher 27 (1)
Education on Forensic Nursing Education
Sustainability Factors for Forensic 28 (1)
Nursing Educational Development
Why Forensic Nursing Education Developed 28 (1)
Why Forensic Nursing Education did not 28 (1)
Occur Sooner
Role and Responsibility of Educators 28 (1)
Benefits of Forensic Nursing Education 29 (1)
Improvements to Patient Care 29 (1)
Changes to Professional Practice Roles 29 (1)
Expanded Roles 29 (1)
Changing Attitudes and Changes to 29 (1)
Practice Roles
Higher Rate of Offender Conviction 30 (1)
Summary 30 (1)
References 30 (3)
UNIT TWO PRINCIPLES AND TECHNIQUES OF 33 (90)
FORENSIC SCIENCE
4 Forensic Epidemiology and the Forensic 33 (12)
Nurse
Steven A. Koehler
Development/Definition of Forensic 33 (1)
Epidemiology
Roles of Forensic Epidemiology 34 (1)
Medical Examiner/Coroner's Offices 34 (1)
Health Department 34 (1)
Public/Private Organizations 34 (1)
Private Consultants 34 (1)
Expert Witness 35 (1)
Basics of Forensic Epidemiology 35 (8)
Natural Deaths 35 (1)
Drug Overdose 36 (1)
Motor Vehicle Accidents 37 (3)
Homicide 40 (3)
Role of Nurses and Forensic Nurses in the 43 (1)
Forensic Community
References 44 (1)
5 Crime Scene Processing 45 (9)
Zug G. Standing Bear
Preparation 45 (3)
Crime Scene Search Equipment 46 (1)
Maintenance of Equipment and Vehicles 46 (1)
Attire at the Scene 46 (1)
Portable Lighting and Other Specialized 46 (1)
Equipment
Notification and Response 46 (1)
Organization for Response 46 (1)
Proceeding to the Scene 47 (1)
Initial Actions at the Scene 47 (1)
Locate Senior Police Official or Most 48 (1)
Significant Witness
General Scene Security 48 (1)
Environment Security 48 (1)
Weather Security 48 (1)
Animal Security 48 (1)
Security in Emergencies 48 (1)
Scene Security and the Human Element 48 (1)
Security Concerning Suspects 48 (1)
Security Concerning Witnesses and 48 (1)
Victims
Security Concerning Officials 49 (1)
Security Concerning Investigators 49 (1)
Security Concerning Admission 49 (1)
When the Treatment Room is a Crime Scene 49 (1)
Searching the Scene 49 (2)
Preparation for the Search 49 (1)
Scene Search and Sketch 50 (1)
Spotting the Evidence 50 (1)
Evidence in Natural and Artificial Light 51 (1)
Locating Evidence with Alternative 51 (1)
Light Sources
Scene Processing 51 (1)
Measurement and Photography 51 (1)
Marking the Evidence 51 (1)
Evidence Recovery 51 (1)
Scene Closure 52 (1)
Evidence Removal 52 (1)
Equipment Removal 52 (1)
Arrangement for Continuing Security 52 (1)
Scene Departure 52 (1)
Summary 52 (1)
Resources 53 (1)
References 53 (1)
6 Principles of Forensic Evidence 54 (7)
Collection and Preservation
Richard Saferstein
Evidence Sources and the Environment 54 (1)
Locard's Principle 54 (1)
Chain of Custody 54 (1)
Documentation of Evidence 54 (1)
Photodocumentation 55 (1)
Anatomical Charts and Diagrams 55 (1)
Evidence Kits 55 (1)
Evidence on Clothing 55 (2)
Preservation of Clothing-Related 56 (1)
Evidence
Preservation of Firearm Evidence 57 (1)
Other Physical and Trace Evidence 57 (3)
Glass Fragments 57 (1)
Soil 57 (1)
Hair 58 (1)
Fiber 58 (1)
Arson Evidence 58 (1)
Sexual Assault Evidence 59 (1)
Summary 60 (1)
References 60 (1)
7 Forensic Photography 61 (19)
Georgia A. Pasqualone
Historical Background 61 (1)
Exigent Evidence 61 (1)
Camera Basics 61 (6)
The Camera 62 (1)
The Lens 62 (2)
The Film 64 (1)
Light and Flash 64 (1)
Shutter Speed 65 (1)
Aperture 65 (1)
Depth of Field 65 (1)
Filters 66 (1)
Colpophotography 67 (1)
Digital Photography 67 (1)
Resolution of Images 68 (1)
Saving and Storing the Images 68 (1)
Ultraviolet and Infrared Photography 69 (2)
Ultraviolet 70 (1)
Infrared 70 (1)
Authenticity 70 (1)
Safeguards Against Tampering 70 (1)
Consent 71 (1)
Guidelines for Photodocumentation in the 72 (3)
Clinical Setting
Photographs as Legal Documents 75 (2)
Admissibility of Digital Photographs 76 (1)
Beyond the Medical Setting 76 (1)
Summary 77 (1)
Resources 78 (1)
References 78 (2)
8 Behavioral Analysis 80 (17)
Mark E. Safarik
Robert K. Ressler
Criminal Investigative Analysis from 80 (1)
Crime Scene Analysis
Criminal Investigative Analysis in 81 (1)
Serial Sexual Homicides
Offender Motivation 81 (1)
Assessment of Murderers 82 (1)
Psychological Profiling to Criminal 82 (2)
Investigative Analysis
Generating a Criminal Profile 84 (11)
Profiling Inputs 85 (1)
Decision-Process Models 85 (4)
Crime Assessment 89 (1)
Crime Scene Dynamics and Analysis 90 (1)
Crime Profile 91 (1)
Apprehension 91 (1)
Quantifying Success 91 (3)
Implications 94 (1)
Summary 95 (1)
Resources 95 (1)
References 95 (2)
9 Digital Evidence and Forensic 97 (8)
Investigations
Janet Barber Duval
Introduction to Digital Forensics 97 (1)
What is Digital Evidence 97 (1)
Digital Forensic Analysis Processes 97 (1)
Dead-Box versus Live-Box Analysis 98 (1)
Techniques for Computer Evidence Recovery 98 (1)
Lawful Interception of Data 98 (1)
Digital Data in Healthcare 98 (1)
Computer use in Hospital Communications 99 (1)
Wireless Technologies in Healthcare 99 (2)
Wireless Security 101(1)
Forensic Value of Hospital Communication 101(1)
and Documentation Systems
Digital Media Devices, First 101(1)
Responders, and the Hospital Staff
Cyber Security 102(1)
The Medical Record as Evidence 102(1)
Discovery 102(1)
Patient Privacy, Archiving, and Other 103(1)
Dilemmas
Summary 103(1)
Resource 104(1)
References 104(1)
10 Forensic Toxicology 105(18)
Sarah Kerrigan
Bruce A. Goldberger
Subdisciplines of Forensic Toxicology 105(1)
Reasons for Drug use 105(1)
Toxicology Investigation 105(1)
Trends in Drug use 105(2)
Drugs in the Military 106(1)
Drugs and Crime 106(1)
Drugs and Driving 106(1)
Drugs and Health 106(1)
Club Drugs 106(1)
Pharmacokinetics 107(3)
Routes of Administration 107(1)
Absorption 107(2)
Distribution 109(1)
Metabolism 109(1)
Elimination 110(1)
Pharmacological Effects 110(2)
Drug Recognition 110(1)
Drug and Disease Interactions 111(1)
Interpretation 112(1)
Specimen Handling 112(2)
Selection and Collection of Evidence 112(1)
Preservation and Storage of Evidence 113(1)
Preservation of Specimens While in 114(1)
Storage
Evidence Security 114(1)
Toxicological Analysis 114(3)
Screening Techniques 114(2)
Confirmatory Analysis 116(1)
Interpretation 117(1)
Drug-Facilitated Sexual Assault 117(2)
GHB and Flunitrazepam 118(1)
Specimen Collection 118(1)
Legislative Efforts 118(1)
Effects Experienced by Victims 118(1)
Warning Signs 119(1)
Prevention of Drug-Facilitated Sexual 119(1)
Assault
Infant Drug Exposure 119(1)
Drug use in Nursing Mothers 119(1)
Effects of Drug Exposure on the Fetus 119(1)
or Neonate
Drugs in Breast Milk 120(1)
Determining Prenatal or Neonatal Drug 120(1)
Exposure
Summary 120(1)
Resources 120(1)
References 121(2)
UNIT THREE EVIDENCE COLLECTION IN HUMAN 123(56)
SUBJECTS
11 Forensic First Response: Approach for 123(11)
Emergency Medical Personnel
Paul D. Shapiro
First Response 123(1)
Forensic Evidence 124(1)
Nonmedical Intervention 124(1)
Death at Home 124(1)
Responding to Sudden Infant Death 124(1)
Syndrome
Death Outside the Home 125(1)
Interventions: Life-Threatening Trauma 125(5)
Firearm Injuries 125(1)
Sharp Force Trauma 126(1)
Blunt Force Trauma 126(1)
Motor Vehicle Collisions 127(1)
Overdose or Poisoning 128(1)
Asphyxia 128(1)
Other Prehospital Scenarios 129(1)
Responding to Mass Casualty Incidents 130(1)
Forensic Responsibilities 131(1)
Prehospital Evidence Preservation 131(1)
Chain of Custody 131(1)
Prehospital Blood Specimens 131(1)
Documentation 131(1)
Photodocumentation 132(1)
Legal Testimony 132(1)
Summary 132(1)
Resources 133(1)
References 133(1)
12 Forensic Investigations in the Hospital 134(10)
Mary K. Sullivan
Regulatory and Legal Responsibilities of 134(2)
Hospital Nurses
Role in Hospital Quality/Risk Management 136(1)
Processes
Criminal Behavior: Opportunities in 136(2)
Hospitals
Change of Shift Dynamics 137(1)
Reportable Deaths 138(1)
Suspicious, Unexpected Patient Death 138(2)
Challenges for Investigators 139(1)
Pressure Ulcers and the Forensic Nurse 140(1)
Role of the Forensic Nurse 141(1)
Restraints 141(1)
Forensic Investigation of Drug Diversion 142(1)
Among Healthcare Workers
Summary 142(1)
References 143(1)
13 Sexual Assault Evidence Recovery 144(11)
Jamie Ferrell
Cari Caruso
Role of Sexual Assault Nurse Examiners 144(1)
Sexual Assault Medical/Forensic 144(1)
Examinations
Initial Considerations 144(1)
History of the Event 145(1)
Sexual Assault Injuries 145(1)
Drug-Facilitated Sexual Assault 145(1)
Consent for Examination 145(1)
Occupational Health and Safety Issues 146(1)
Evidence Recovery Procedures 146(1)
Evidence Collection with Injury 146(1)
Evidence Recovery During Menstruation 146(1)
Physical Evidence 146(1)
Biological Evidence 146(1)
Photographic Documentation 147(1)
Methods of Evidence Recovery 147(2)
Clothing 147(1)
Swabbing for Biological Materials 148(1)
Controversial Techniques 149(1)
Body Piercing 149(1)
Plucked Hair 149(1)
Determining the Age of Bruises 149(1)
Evidence Recovery Procedures for Females 149(1)
Anal and Genital Inspection and 149(1)
Evidence Recovery
Labial Inspection and Evidence 150(1)
Collection
Vaginal Examination and Evidence 150(1)
Collection
Special Techniques to Enhance Evidentiary 150(2)
Examinations
Use of Toluidine Blue Dye 150(1)
Hymenal Assessment and the Foley 151(1)
Catheter Technique
Imperforate Hymen 152(1)
Forensic Evidence Recovery for Males 152(1)
Penile/Scrotum Inspection and 152(1)
Collection of Evidence
Anal Inspection and Evidence Collection 152(1)
Security of Evidence 153(1)
Evidence Disbursement Sheet 153(1)
Role of the Victim Advocate 153(1)
Summary 153(1)
Resources 154(1)
References 154(1)
14 Evidence Collection in the Emergency 155(13)
Department
Catherine M. Dougherty
Forensic Focus in the Emergency Department 155(1)
Emergency Nursing Adopts Forensic Role 155(1)
Forensic Patients in the Emergency 156(1)
Department
Evidence Recovery Processes 157(1)
Evidence Defined 157(1)
Establishing Priorities 158(1)
Forensic Examinations in the Emergency 158(4)
Department
Space and Equipment Considerations 158(1)
Evidence Collection Guidelines 158(1)
Head-to-Toe Examination Process 158(4)
Other Evidence 162(1)
Admissible Evidence 163(1)
Forensic Photography 163(1)
Use of Restraints 163(1)
Patients in Police Custody 164(1)
Body Searches 165(1)
Mandatory Reporting Laws 165(1)
The Body as Evidence 165(1)
Summary 166(1)
Resources 166(1)
References 167(1)
15 Multi-Casualty Scenes 168(11)
Joyce Williams
David Williams
Role of Forensic Nursing in Disasters 168(1)
Overview of the Disaster Response System 168(2)
Clinical Response 170(1)
Family Assistance 171(1)
Forensic Processing 172(2)
Forensic Aspects of Disaster Response 174(1)
Disaster-Related Conditions 175(1)
Summary 176(1)
References 176(3)
UNIT FOUR POSTMORTEM SCIENCE AND FORENSIC 179(92)
ANALYSIS
16 Forensic Investigation of Death 179(16)
Virginia A. Lynch
Steven A. Koehler
Health and Justice 179(1)
Historical Perspective of Forensic Death 179(1)
A Multidisciplinary Task 179(1)
Death Investigation and the Law 180(1)
Fundamentals of Death Investigation 180(1)
Causes of Death 181(1)
Forensic Pathologist/Medical 181(1)
Examiner/Coroner at the Scene
Death Scene Control and Processing 181(1)
Body at the Scene 181(1)
Place of Death 182(1)
Death Investigation Systems 182(1)
Medical Examiner System 182(1)
Coroner's System 182(1)
Types of Deaths That Require a Forensic 183(1)
Investigation
Jurisdiction of Death 183(1)
Death Defined 183(1)
Brain Death 184(1)
Molecular Death 184(1)
Certification of Death 184(1)
Terminology of Injury 184(1)
Special Aspects of Certification of 184(1)
Death
Death Certificate 184(1)
Pronouncement of Death 185(1)
Time of Death 185(1)
Signs of Death: Postmortem Changes to the 186(2)
Body
Body Temperature 187(1)
Decomposition 187(1)
Entomology and Time of Death 187(1)
Other Methods of Estimating Time of 187(1)
Death
Cause of Death 188(1)
Asphyxia 188(1)
Gunshot Wounds 188(1)
Manner of Death 188(1)
Homicide 188(1)
Suicide 189(1)
Accident 189(1)
Natural 189(1)
Undetermined 189(1)
Mechanism of Death 189(1)
Clinical Autopsy versus Forensic Autopsy 189(1)
Necropsy Pathology: The Autopsy 190(1)
Anatomy and Physiology of the Autopsy 190(1)
Prerequisites to Autopsy 190(1)
Postmortem Evaluations 190(1)
External Examination versus Complete 190(1)
Examination Forensic Autopsy
Autopsy Procedure 190(1)
Special Cases 191(1)
Identification of the Body 191(3)
Methods and Means 191(1)
Exhumation 192(1)
Recovery of Skeletal Remains 192(1)
Forensic Anthropology 193(1)
Summary 194(1)
Resources 194(1)
References 194(1)
17 Forensic Nurse Examiners in Death 195(17)
Investigation
Virginia A. Lynch
The Culture of Death 195(1)
Death as a Phenomenon 195(1)
Science of Death Investigation 196(1)
Art and Science of Forensic Nursing 196(1)
Significance of the Role 196(1)
Unique to Nursing 197(1)
Forensic Intervention 197(3)
Forensic Nurse Investigator 197(2)
Caring for the Dead 199(1)
Forensic Nurse Examiner 199(1)
Nurse Coroner 200(1)
Implications for Forensic Nursing 200(2)
Why Nurses? 202(1)
Forensic Nursing Services 203(1)
Death in the Clinical Environs 203(1)
Death-Reporting Initiatives 204(3)
Proper Body Handling 204(1)
Suspicious Deaths 204(1)
Notification of Death 204(2)
Viewing of the Body 206(1)
The Question 207(1)
The Future 207(3)
Advancing the Scope of Forensic Science 208(1)
Advanced Practice in Death Investigation 209(1)
Summary 210(1)
Resources 210(1)
References 210(2)
18 Intrafamilial Homicide and Unexplained 212(10)
Childhood Deaths
Stacey A. Mitchell
Types of Intrafamilial Homicides 212(1)
Neonaticide 212(1)
Infanticide and Filicide 213(1)
Victims 213(1)
Perpetrators 213(1)
Role of the Forensic Nurse in the Death 213(1)
Investigation
Medicolegal Death Investigation 214(6)
Scene Investigation 214(1)
Healthcare Facility Investigation 215(4)
Doll Reenactment 219(1)
Autopsy Examination 219(1)
Laboratory Testing 219(1)
Other Considerations for Cause of Death 220(2)
Accidental Overlay Due to Co-Sleeping 220(1)
Asphyxial Deaths 220(1)
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome 220(1)
Summary 220(1)
References 220(2)
19 Medical Evidence Recovery at the Death 222(12)
Scene
Renae M. Diegel
Community Relationships 222(1)
Science of Evidence Recovery: Education 223(1)
and Training
General Purpose of the Forensic Nurse 223(2)
Examiner Evidence Recovery Unit
Roles and Responsibilities 225(1)
Elements of a Crime 225(1)
Preparation to Enter the Crime Scene 226(1)
Role Delineation 226(2)
Crime Scene Evidence Techniques 228(1)
Tape-Lifting Technique 228(1)
Investigation at the Public Scene 229(1)
Hospital as Scene of Death 230(1)
Cold Case Evidence Recovery 231(1)
Success Achieved 232(1)
Summary 233(1)
References 233(1)
20 Postmortem Sexual Assault Evaluation 234(15)
Sharon Rose Crowley
Theoretical Framework: Sexual Murderers 234(2)
Historical Perspective 234(1)
Typologies of Rapists 235(1)
Sequential Methodology for the Evaluation 236(11)
of the Sexual Homicide Victim
Roles and Responsibilities 236(1)
Salient Case Data 236(2)
Demographic Data 238(1)
History 238(1)
General Physical Examination 238(1)
Clothing 238(1)
Toxicology, Serology, and Urine 238(1)
Specimens
Evaluation of Nongenital Trauma 239(1)
Touch DNA 239(1)
Face, Hair, and Neck 239(1)
Genital and Anal Examination 240(1)
Colposcope Examination 241(1)
Speculum Examination 242(1)
Collection of Vaginal Swabs 242(1)
Anal and Rectal Examination 242(1)
Anoscopic Examination 243(1)
Postmortem Genital Examination of the 243(2)
Male Victim
Documentation of the Postmortem Genital 245(1)
Examination
Summary of Findings 246(1)
Development of a Taxonomy for 246(1)
Postmortem Genital Examinations
References 247(2)
21 Analysis of Autoerotic Death Scenes 249(8)
Mary K. Sullivan
Ann Wolbert Burgess
Definition 249(1)
Incidence 249(1)
Asphyxial Autoerotic Death 249(1)
Atypical Autoerotic Fatalities 250(1)
Sexual Asphyxial Fatalities Including a 250(1)
Partner
Autoerotic Suicides 250(1)
The Autoerotic-Death Scene 251(5)
Role of Fantasy 251(1)
Location 251(1)
Victim Position 251(1)
The Injurious Agent 251(1)
The Self-Rescue Mechanism 251(1)
Bondage 251(1)
Sexually Masochistic Behavior 252(1)
Attire 252(1)
Protective Padding 253(1)
Sexual Paraphernalia 253(1)
Props 254(1)
Masturbatory Activity 254(1)
Evidence of Previous Experience 254(1)
Family Response 254(1)
Traumatic News 255(1)
Forensic Issues 256(1)
Summary 256(1)
Resources 256(1)
References 256(1)
22 Taphonomy, Necrosearch, and Mass Grave 257(14)
Exhumation
Deborah Storlle
John R. McPhail
Science of Taphonomy 257(2)
Taphonomy in the Forensic Context 257(1)
Grave Locations 257(1)
History of Taphonomy 257(1)
Research Strategy 258(1)
Baseline Data 258(1)
Environmental Markers 259(1)
Assets and Limitation of Detection Tools 259(1)
Mass Graves 259(1)
Consulting Scientists in Death 260(1)
Investigation
Stages of Exhumation 260(8)
Stage 1 Exhumation Strategies and 261(4)
Forensic Recovery Methods
Stage 2 Postmortem Identification of 265(1)
Remains
Stage 3 Reconstructing Crime Scene and 266(2)
Criminal Events Leading to Death
Stage 4 Identifying and Prosecuting the 268(1)
Criminal
Summary 268(1)
Resources 269(1)
References 269(2)
UNIT FIVE MECHANISMS OF INJURY AND DEATH 271(70)
23 Physics, Restraints, and Fractures 271(11)
David J. Porta
William S. Smock
Physics 271(3)
Velocity = Distance/Time 271(1)
Delta V 271(1)
Terminal Velocity 271(1)
Acceleration/Deceleration 272(1)
Force = Mass X Acceleration 273(1)
Stress = Force Per Unit Area 273(1)
Engineering Design Challenges 274(1)
Restraints 274(4)
Seat Belts 274(1)
Air Bags 275(1)
Injuries from the Module Cover 275(1)
Injuries from an Air Bag Interaction 275(3)
Fractures 278(2)
Impact Force 279(1)
Twisting Force 279(1)
Compressive Force 280(1)
Summary 280(1)
References 280(2)
24 Motor Vehicle Collision Reconstruction 282(8)
Kristine Karcher
Laws of Motion 282(1)
Biomechanics of Impact 282(1)
Automotive Engineering Improvements 282(2)
Seat Belts 282(1)
Air Bags 283(1)
Auto Safety Glass 283(1)
Dashboards 283(1)
Collisions 284(1)
Frontal 284(1)
Side or Angled 284(1)
Motorcycle 284(1)
Auto versus Pedestrian 284(1)
Motor Vehicle Collision Reconstruction 285(1)
Scene and Vehicle 285(1)
Witness Accounts 285(1)
Vehicle Interior Details 285(1)
Role of the Forensic Nurse Examiner 285(2)
Injury Assessment and Documentation 286(1)
Vehicle Inspections 286(1)
Summary 287(1)
Resources 287(2)
References 289(1)
25 Blunt, Sharp, and Firearm Injuries 290(24)
Patrick E. Besant-Matthews
Wound Terminology 290(1)
Documenting Wound Characteristics 290(1)
Documentation and Legal Proceedings 291(1)
Blunt and Sharp Injuries 291(1)
Pattern of Injury 292(1)
Pattern Injury 292(1)
Penetrating and Perforating Injuries 292(1)
Blunt Force Injury 292(5)
Abrasions 292(1)
Contusions 293(2)
Ecchymosis 295(1)
Lacerations or Tears 295(2)
Fractures 297(1)
Summary 297(1)
Sharp Force Injuries 297(2)
Cuts 297(1)
Stab Wounds 298(1)
Summary 299(1)
Other Wounds 299(2)
Mixed Blunt and Sharp Injuries 299(1)
Defensive Injuries 300(1)
Factitious Injuries 300(1)
Hesitation Marks 300(1)
Paired or Grouped Injuries 300(1)
Scrimmage Wounds 300(1)
Wrinkle Wounds 301(1)
Gunshot Injuries 301(12)
Firearms 301(1)
Bullet Characteristics 301(1)
Range of Fire 301(2)
Relative Angle of Impact 303(1)
Interposed Factors 304(1)
Myths and Realities 304(1)
Wounds: Assessment and Documentation 304(3)
Examination and Documentation of 307(1)
Clothing
Gunshot Residues 307(1)
Bullet Design and Types of Guns 308(1)
Firearm Wounds: Mechanics and 309(1)
Characteristics
Radiological Examination 310(1)
Wound Documentation 311(2)
Summary 313(1)
Resources 313(1)
References 313(1)
26 Bite Mark Injuries 314(11)
Gregory S. Golden
Psychological Aspects of Biting 314(1)
Animal Bites versus Human Bites 314(2)
Bite Characteristics 314(2)
Pathogenic Considerations 316(1)
Bite Mark Recognition 316(1)
Types of Human Bites 316(1)
Two-Dimensional Bite 316(1)
Three-Dimensional Bite 317(1)
Avulsed Bite 317(1)
Bite Mark Analysis 317(1)
Collection of Evidence 318(3)
Swabbing the Bite 318(1)
Photography 319(1)
Basic Equipment 319(1)
Shooting Close-up Photographs 319(2)
Summary 321(3)
References 324(1)
27 Asphyxia 325(6)
Kent Stewart
Hanging 325(1)
Ligature Strangulation 326(1)
Manual Strangulation 327(1)
Choking 327(1)
Smothering 328(1)
Traumatic, Crush 328(1)
Postural, Positional, Situational 328(1)
Drowning 329(1)
Containment, Entrapment, Environmental 329(1)
Chemical, Poisonous, Toxic 329(1)
Cerebral Hypoxia and Euphoria 330(1)
Summary 330(1)
References 330(1)
28 Electrical, Thermal, and Inhalation 331(10)
Injuries
Janet Barber Duval
Patrick E. Besant-Matthews
Thermal Burn Wounds 331(1)
Classifications 331(1)
Scalding Burns 331(1)
Burns with Inhalation 331(3)
Carbon Monoxide Poisoning 332(1)
Cyanide Poisoning 333(1)
Hydrogen Sulfide 333(1)
Death Investigation Considerations 333(1)
Chemical Burns 334(1)
Electrical Burns 334(2)
Electrical Burn Wounds 335(1)
Electrical Damage to Vital Organs 336(1)
Lightning Injuries and Death 336(1)
Cold-Related Tissue Injury 337(2)
Frostnip 337(1)
Frostbite 338(1)
Summary 339(1)
References 339(2)
UNIT SIX VIOLENCE AND INTERPERSONAL CRIMES: 341(100)
ROLE OF THE FORENSIC NURSE
29 Child Maltreatment: Forensic Biomarkers 341(14)
Cris Finn
Definitions 342(1)
Incidence 342(1)
Theory, Assessment, and History: 343(1)
Gathering Information
Models and Theory 343(1)
Dynamics of Child Maltreatment 343(1)
Categories of Child Abuse and Neglect 343(1)
Physical Abuse 343(1)
Emotional Abuse 344(1)
Sexual Abuse 344(1)
Neglect 344(1)
Other Abuse and Neglect Issues 344(3)
Sibling Abuse 344(1)
Teasing 345(1)
Bullying 345(1)
Human Trafficking 345(1)
Methamphetamine Exposure to Children 346(1)
Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy (MSBP) 346(1)
Abusive Head Trauma/Shaken Baby Syndrome 346(1)
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) 347(1)
Seat Belts and Child Restraints 347(1)
Child Prostitution 347(1)
Identification of Abuse and Neglect 347(1)
Creating a Safe Environment 347(1)
History 347(1)
Child's Appearance and Behavior 348(1)
Physical Evidence of Abuse and Neglect 348(1)
Patterned Injuries Suspicious for Abuse 348(1)
Immersion Burns 348(1)
Patterned Burns 348(1)
Bite Marks 349(1)
Sequelae of Child Abuse and Neglect 349(1)
Laws and Regulations 350(2)
Laws Requiring Report of Suspicion 350(1)
Temporary Holding Custody 351(1)
The Investigation 351(1)
Testimony and Judicial Hearings 352(1)
Mimicking Injuries 352(1)
Summary 352(1)
Resources 353(1)
References 353(2)
30 Elder Maltreatment: Forensic Biomarkers 355(15)
Catherine Pearsall
Background 355(1)
Elder Maltreatment Statistics 355(1)
Elder Maltreatment Definition Controversy 356(1)
Categories of Elder Maltreatment 356(1)
Physical Abuse 356(1)
Psychological/Emotional Abuse 356(1)
Financial Abuse 356(1)
Neglect 356(1)
Self-Neglect 356(1)
Sexual Abuse 356(1)
Other 356(1)
Cause of Elder Abuse and Maltreatment 357(1)
Elder Abuse Detection 358(5)
Forensic Biomarkers 358(1)
Physical Abuse 358(1)
Psychological/Emotional Abuse 359(1)
Financial Abuse 359(1)
Neglect 360(1)
Self-Neglect 360(1)
Sexual Abuse 361(1)
Education 362(1)
Screening Tools 362(1)
Indicators of Abuse Screen 363(1)
Elder Assessment Instrument 363(1)
Hwalek-Sengstock Elder Abuse Screening 363(1)
Test
Caregiver Abuse Screen 363(1)
Elder Abuse Management 364(1)
Legislative History 364(1)
Elder Abuse Reporting Controversy 364(1)
Research Related to Clinician Elder 364(1)
Maltreatment Detection and Management
Forensic Nurse's Role 365(1)
History and Interview 366(1)
Physical Assessment 366(1)
Intervention 366(2)
Summary 368(1)
References 368(2)
31 Relationship Crimes 370(10)
Cris Finn
Domestic Violence 370(2)
Scope of the Problem 370(1)
Risk Factors 371(1)
Clinical Presentations 371(1)
Psychological Signs and Symptoms 371(1)
Biomarkers 371(1)
Screening and Assessment 372(1)
Children as Victims and Witnesses 372(1)
Acquaintance Violence (Date Rape) 372(2)
Scope of the Problem 373(1)
Aspects 373(1)
Screening and Assessment 373(1)
Prevention 373(1)
Stalking 374(1)
Escort Abuse: Escort Service and 374(1)
Prostitution-Related Offenses
Violence Against Men 375(1)
Workplace Violence 376(1)
Teacher/Mentor Student Abuse 377(1)
Crimes Against Homeless People 377(1)
Summary 378(1)
Resources 378(1)
References 378(2)
32 Sexual Violence: Victims and Offenders 380(17)
Linda E. Ledray
SANE History and Role Development 380(2)
Demonstrating the Need for SANE Programs 381(1)
SANE Program Development 382(1)
Sexual Assault Impact and Treatment Needs 382(6)
Nongenital Physical Injury 382(1)
Strangulation 382(1)
Anogenital Trauma 383(1)
Sexually Transmitted Infections 384(1)
Pregnancy 385(1)
General Health Risk 385(2)
Psychological Impact 387(1)
SANE-SART Program Operation 388(4)
Sexual Assault Response Team 389(1)
How a SANE-SART Program Typically 389(1)
Operates
SANE Responsibilities 389(3)
Summary 392(1)
Resources 393(1)
References 393(4)
33 Sequelae of Sexual Violence 397(17)
Pamela J. Dole
Social Impact of Sexual Violence 397(1)
Global Issues 398(1)
Child Prostitution 398(1)
Rape in War 398(1)
Male Victims 398(1)
Women in the Military 398(1)
Poverty-Related Sexual Assault 398(1)
Economic Impact of Interpersonal Violence 399(1)
Psychological, Physical, and Sexual 399(5)
Health Effects
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder 399(4)
Physiological Expression of Rape Trauma 403(1)
Syndrome
Rape Trauma Syndrome and Sexual Health 404(1)
Nursing Implications 404(4)
Education and Prevention 405(1)
Screening and Risk-Reduction Strategies 406(1)
Follow-up Care 407(1)
Creating a Healing Environment 407(1)
Summary 408(1)
Resources 409(1)
References 409(5)
34 Sexual Exploitation of Children and 414(12)
Child Pornography
Mary K. Sullivan
Child Sexual Exploitation 414(1)
Widespread use of the Internet 414(1)
Technology and Sexual Predators 415(1)
Technology and Child Pornography 416(1)
Types of Offenders 417(4)
Situational/Preferential Child 417(1)
Molesters: A Continuum
Male Internet Predators 418(1)
Child Abductors/Rapists 418(1)
Family, Friends, and Neighbors 419(1)
Female Sex Offenders 419(1)
Sex Rings 419(1)
Child Prostitution 420(1)
Child Sex Tourism 420(1)
Compliant Victims 421(1)
Noncompliant Victims 421(1)
Grooming 421(1)
Child Pornography as an Industry 422(1)
Medical Considerations 422(1)
Psychological Aspects of Being a Victim 423(1)
Moral Considerations 424(1)
False Allegations of Child Sexual Abuse 424(1)
Resources 425(1)
References 425(1)
35 Youth Gangs and Hate Crimes 426(15)
Cliff Akiyama
Getting Started: What is a Youth Gang? 426(1)
Gang Member Typologies 426(1)
Manifestations of Youth Gang Violence: 427(1)
Why are Our Children in Gangs?
Identity or Recognition 427(1)
Protection 427(1)
Fellowship and Brotherhood 427(1)
Intimidation 427(1)
Other Factors 427(1)
African-American Gangs 427(3)
Crips 427(1)
Bloods/Piru 428(1)
United Blood Nation 428(1)
Folk Nation 429(1)
People Nation 429(1)
Latino Gangs 430(3)
Latin Kings 431(2)
Asian Gangs 433(3)
Skinhead Gangs 436(2)
Typology of Skinhead Gangs 436(1)
Philosophy of the Skinhead Gang 436(1)
Hate Crimes and Bias Incidents 437(1)
Strategies for Reducing Youth Gang 438(1)
Violence in the Medical Setting
Emergency Department 439(1)
Hospital 439(1)
References 439(2)
UNIT SEVEN FORENSIC MENTAL HEALTH AND 441(56)
CORRECTIONAL ISSUES
36 Psychiatric Forensic Nursing 441(10)
Tom Mason
History 441(1)
Theoretical Underpinnings 442(1)
Role Definition and Skills/Competencies 443(1)
Role Functions 444(2)
Differentiating Correctional Nurses and 445(1)
Forensic Psychiatric Nurses
Role Developments 446(1)
Clinical Nurse Specialist 446(1)
Forensic Nurse Examiner 447(1)
Legal Insanity 447(1)
Diminished Capacity/Responsibility 448(1)
Competent to Proceed 448(1)
Personal Safety 449(1)
Summary 449(1)
Resources 450(1)
References 450(1)
37 Suicidal Behavior and Risk Assessment 451(11)
Karolina Krysinska
Paul Thomas Clements
Risk Factors for Suicidal Behavior 452(4)
Demographic Characteristics 452(1)
Mental Disorders 452(1)
Substance Abuse 453(1)
Physical Illness 453(1)
Suicidal Ideation 454(1)
Previous Suicidal Behavior 454(1)
Access to Lethal Means 454(1)
Family History of Psychiatric Illness 455(1)
and Suicidal Behavior
Biological Factors in Suicide 455(1)
Economic Factors 455(1)
Stress and Coping Potential 455(1)
Social Isolation 456(1)
Hopelessness and Other Cognitive Factors 456(1)
Other Risk Factors 456(1)
Interactions among the Risk Factors 456(1)
Protective Factors Lowering the Risk of 457(1)
Suicide
Suicide Risk Assessment Tools 457(1)
Direct Assessment of Suicidal Ideation, 457(1)
Intent, and Behavior
Suicide Risk Assessment Guidelines 458(1)
The Seven-Step Decision Model 458(1)
Suicide Assessment Protocol Guidelines 458(1)
Risk Factor Model for Suicide Assessment 459(1)
and Intervention
The Empirical Approach and the Clinical 459(1)
Approach
Critical Points in Suicide Risk Assessment 459(1)
Summary 460(1)
Resources 460(1)
References 460(2)
38 Forensic Nursing in Correctional Care 462(27)
Pamela J. Dole
Societal Factors Contributing to High 463(1)
Incarceration Rates
Who is Incarcerated? 464(1)
History of Prison Care 465(2)
Prison Life and Organization 467(1)
Maintaining Human Rights during 467(6)
Incarceration
Issues Related to Incarcerating 467(1)
Prisoners
Restraint and Seclusion 468(1)
Issues Related to the Healthcare of 469(1)
Prisoners
Ethical Issues 469(2)
Scope of Practice 471(2)
Health Problems of Inmates 473(8)
General Health Status of Inmates 473(1)
Healthcare Costs for Inmates 473(1)
Geriatric Offenders 474(1)
Communicable Diseases 475(1)
HIV-Infected Offenders 476(2)
Gender Differences in Corrections 478(1)
Reproductive and Sexual Health Issues 479(2)
Mental Illness 481(2)
Bridge Programs with the Community 483(1)
Summary 483(1)
Resources 484(1)
References 484(5)
39 Sudden Death During Restraint: Excited 489(8)
Delirium Syndrome
Theresa G. Di Maio
Vincent J. M. Di Maio
Deaths Associated with EDS 489(2)
Mechanisms of Death and use of Restraint 489(1)
Physiological Effects 490(1)
Taser use Wrongly Linked to EDS Deaths 491(1)
Assessment and Prevention of Deaths by 492(1)
Medical Personnel
Use of Physical Restraint 493(1)
Management of Violence 493(1)
Summary 493(1)
Resources 494(1)
References 494(3)
UNIT EIGHT GLOBAL AND CULTURAL CRIMES 497(40)
40 Sociocultural Crimes: A Forensic Approach 497(15)
Rakesh K. Gorea
Gender-Based Crimes 497(1)
Dowry Death 497(1)
Female Feticide 497(1)
Female Infanticide 497(1)
Female Genital Mutilation 498(1)
Criminal Abortion 498(2)
India 499(1)
China 499(1)
United States 499(1)
Ireland 499(1)
Domestic Terrorism 500(1)
Wife Battering 500(1)
Baby Battering 500(1)
Geriatric Battering 500(1)
Antiquated Cultural Crimes 500(2)
Child Marriage 500(1)
Sati Pratha 501(1)
Honor Killing 501(1)
Siri 501(1)
Blind Superstition, Rampant Illiteracy 502(1)
Tantriks and Witchcraft 502(1)
Religious and Therapy-Related Death 502(1)
Faith and Medicine Collide 502(1)
Socially Unacceptable Behavior 503(4)
Corporal Punishment 503(4)
Societal Discrimination 507(1)
Communal Riots 507(1)
Caste Conflicts and Segregation 507(1)
Regional Conflicts 507(1)
Crimes of the Rich and Powerful 508(1)
Forbidden Behavior 508(1)
Human Sacrifice (Narbali) 508(1)
Muti Murder 508(1)
Men and HIV 508(1)
Superstitions and Negative Myths 509(1)
Social Taboos 509(1)
In the Name of God 509(1)
Myths 509(1)
Summary 509(1)
References 510(2)
41 Sexual Deviant Behavior and Crimes 512(9)
Anil Aggrawal
Who is a Sexual Offender? 512(1)
What is Deviant Behavior? 513(1)
Etiology of Sexually Deviant Behavior 513(1)
Psychodynamic Theory 513(1)
Biological Theory 513(1)
Feminist Theory 513(1)
Attachment Theory 513(1)
Behavioral Theory 513(1)
Cognitive-Behavioral Theory 513(1)
Psychosocial Theory 513(1)
Integrated Theory 514(1)
Cycle of Sexual Offending 514(1)
Female Sexual Offenders 514(1)
Assessment of Sexual Offenders 515(1)
Risk Factors 515(1)
Tools for Assessment 515(1)
Unstructured Clinical Decision-Making 515(1)
Management and Supervision of Sex 516(2)
Offenders in the Community
Probation and Parole 516(1)
Civil Commitment of Sexual Offenders 517(1)
Registration and Community Notification 518(1)
Laws Regarding Sexual Offenders
Summary 518(1)
References 518(3)
42 Female Genital Mutilation 521(10)
Patricia A. Crane
Significance of the Issue 521(1)
Criminalization of FGM/FC 522(1)
Historical Basis 523(1)
Naming the Ritual 523(1)
Type I 523(1)
Type II 523(1)
Type III 524(1)
Type IV 524(1)
Physical Consequences 524(1)
Psychosexual Problems 525(1)
Medicalization 526(1)
The Nurse's Role 526(2)
Gender Asylum Case Summaries 528(1)
Resources 529(1)
References 529(2)
43 Human Trafficking 531(6)
Nancy B. Cabelus
Awareness of Human Trafficking 531(1)
Human Trafficking Defined 531(1)
Trafficking Victims Protection Act 532(1)
Forms of Trafficking 532(2)
Bio-Psycho-Social Impact 533(1)
Resources to Guide Forensic Nursing 534(1)
Practice
Summary 534(1)
References 535(2)
UNIT NINE LEGAL AND ETHICAL ISSUES IN 537(70)
FORENSIC NURSING ROLES
44 Legal and Ethical Issues in Forensic 537(7)
Nursing Roles
Susan Chasson
Sources of Law 537(1)
Forensic Nursing and the Nurse Practice 538(1)
Act
Patient Confidentiality and the Forensic 539(2)
Nurse
Informed Consent 541(1)
When Should a Forensic Nurse Consult an 542(1)
Attorney?
Summary 542(1)
Resources 543(1)
References 543(1)
45 Testifying as a Forensic Nurse 544(16)
Cari Caruso
Part I Criminal Cases 544(1)
Role of the Forensic Nurse Examiner 545(1)
Curriculum Vitae 545(1)
Subpoena 546(1)
Fact Witness versus Expert Witness 546(3)
Frye Rule 547(1)
Daubert Test 547(1)
Hearsay Rule 547(2)
Preparation for Trial 549(1)
Court Appearance 550(1)
Consulting for the Defense 551(3)
Ethics of Testifying and Malpractice 554(1)
Issues
Summary 555(1)
Part II Civil Depositions 555(1)
Purpose of Depositions 555(1)
Oral Deposition 556(1)
Preparation 556(1)
Witness Representation by Counsel 556(1)
Professional Insurance Carrier Support 556(1)
Length of Deposition 556(1)
Interrogatives 556(2)
Focus of Questioning 557(1)
Composing Answers 557(1)
Supporting Documentation 557(1)
Objections to Questions 557(1)
Postdeposition Procedures 557(1)
Testifying Expert 558(1)
Jury Access to Oral Depositions 558(1)
Anticipation of Testimony 558(1)
Witnesses in the Courtroom 558(1)
Summary 559(1)
Resources 559(1)
References 559(1)
46 Malpractice and Negligence 560(8)
Alice C. Murr
Mary Frances Moorhouse
Standards of Care 560(1)
Nursing Malpractice and Negligence 561(1)
Elements of Negligence 561(1)
Duty 561(1)
Breach of Duty 561(1)
Causation 561(1)
Damages 561(1)
Criminal versus Civil Law 562(1)
Intentional Torts 562(1)
Assault 562(1)
Battery 562(1)
False Imprisonment 562(1)
Quasi-Intentional Torts 562(1)
Liability Issues in Healthcare 562(1)
Failure to Notify the Physician 562(1)
Making Assumptions and Following Orders 562(1)
Inadequate Monitoring 563(1)
Failure to Follow Policies and 563(1)
Procedures
Medication Errors 563(1)
Failure to Provide Safeguards 563(1)
Equipment Failures or User Errors 563(1)
Breach of Confidentiality 563(1)
Reducing Risks of Malpractice 563(1)
Common Malpractice Defenses 564(2)
Summary 566(1)
Resources 566(1)
References 566(2)
47 Ethics and Ethical Decision Making in 568(8)
Forensic Nursing
Zug G. Standing Bear
The Challenge of Interdisciplinary Ethics 568(1)
Always a Nurse! 568(1)
Ethics and Its Place in Philosophy 568(1)
Metaphysics 568(1)
Logic 569(1)
Epistemology 569(1)
Aesthetics 569(1)
Universality-Ethical Frameworks 569(1)
Metaethics 569(1)
Global Ethics 569(1)
Normative Ethics 569(1)
Descriptive Ethics 569(1)
Professional Ethics 570(1)
Applied Ethics 570(1)
Survival 570(1)
Theoretical Considerations 571(3)
Wisdom 574(1)
Kindness 574(1)
Whistle-Blowing 574(1)
Summary 575(1)
References 575(1)
48 Research with Vulnerable Subjects 576(5)
Gordon D. MacFarlane
Current Ethical Framework 576(1)
The Nuremberg Code 576(1)
Declaration of Helsinki 576(1)
The Belmont Report 576(1)
Institutional Review Board Oversight 577(1)
Composition 577(1)
Responsibilities 577(1)
Research Protections for Vulnerable 577(2)
Subjects
Informed Consent 577(1)
Confidentiality and Privacy 578(1)
Health Insurance Portability and 578(1)
Accountability Act and European Privacy
Laws: Protected Health Information
Subject Selection 579(1)
Pregnant Women and Women of 579(1)
Childbearing Potential
Subjects Vulnerable Because of Coercion 579(1)
Prisoners 580(1)
Students and Employees 580(1)
Data Safety Monitoring Boards 580(1)
Resources 580(1)
References 580(1)
49 Organ Donation and Tissue Transplantation 581(17)
Teresa J. Shafer
Impact of the Medical Examiner on Organ 583(1)
Donation
Impact of the Forensic Nurse on Organ 584(1)
Donation
National System 584(1)
Procurement Organizations 584(1)
Donation and Death Investigation Process 585(4)
Donor Criteria 585(1)
Brain Death 585(1)
Donor Identification and Referral 585(1)
Family Consent 586(1)
Donor Evaluation 587(1)
Donor Management and Organ Placement 588(1)
Surgical Recovery of Organs 588(1)
Follow-Up of Transplanted Organs 589(1)
Child Abuse Cases: Special Attention 589(1)
Case Law Related to Organ Donation 589(3)
Legal Cases Involving Removal of Life 590(1)
Support
Evidentiary Issues Presented by Organ 591(1)
Donation
Immunity from Liability 591(1)
Summary of Case Law Discussion 591(1)
State Legislation 592(1)
Organ Procurement and the Medical Examiner 593(1)
Release/Nonrelease Patterns 593(1)
Successful Collaborations among Medical 593(1)
Professionals
Tissue Donation 594(2)
Bone Recovery 595(1)
Skin Recovery 595(1)
Heart Valve Donation 595(1)
Eye or Corneal Donation 595(1)
Summary 596(1)
Resources 596(1)
References 596(2)
50 International Law and the Forensic Nurse 598(9)
Examiner
Jane Weaver Diedrich
Alden Fahy
Relevance of International Law to 598(1)
Forensic Nursing
Sources of International Law 598(2)
Treaties 598(2)
International Law Originating in 600(1)
International Bodies
Customary International Law 600(1)
Human Rights Under International Law 600(1)
Responsibility to Protect: A New Concept 601(1)
for Forensic Practitioners
More Global Opportunities for Forensic 602(2)
Nurses
Testifying in International Forums 604(1)
Summary 604(1)
References 605(2)
UNIT TEN CREDENTIALING AND CAREER PLANNING 607(23)
51 Credential Development For Forensic 607(10)
Nurses
Susan B. Patton
Purpose and Value of Credentialing 607(1)
Types of Credentials 607(1)
Accreditation 607(1)
Academic Degrees 608(1)
Regulation of Practice 608(1)
Membership in a Professional 608(1)
Organization
Clinical Privileging 608(1)
Certification 608(1)
Assessment of Competence 608(2)
Factors in Selecting Measures of 609(1)
Competence
Measures of Competence 610(2)
Testing 610(1)
Continuing Education 610(1)
Performance-Based Evaluation 610(1)
Anecdotal Subjective Evaluation 611(1)
Case Studies 611(1)
Portfolio 611(1)
Application of the Credentialing Process 612(1)
in Forensic Nursing
Environmental Influences on Forensic 612(1)
Nursing Credentials
National and International Credentialing 612(2)
for Forensic Nurses
Sexual Assault Examination 612(1)
Death Investigation 612(1)
Legal Nurse Consultation 613(1)
Corrections 613(1)
Certified Forensic Nurse 613(1)
Advanced Forensic Nurse Recognition 614(1)
Controversies on Credentialing of 614(1)
Forensic Nurses
Efforts of Professional Groups Outside 614(1)
of Nursing to Regulate Practice
Clinical Nurse Specialist Scope of 614(1)
Practice
Certification Arenas 615(1)
New Credentials on the Horizon 615(1)
Recognition of Advanced Practice Nurses 615(1)
International Association of Forensic 615(1)
Nurses Generalist Certification
Forensic Nurse Death Investigation 615(1)
Summary 615(1)
Websites 615(1)
References 615(2)
52 Global Expansion And Future Perspectives 617(13)
Virginia A. Lynch
Frontiers of Forensic Nursing 617(1)
International Evolution 617(6)
Commonwealth of Australia 617(1)
Africa 618(1)
Canada 618(1)
Central and South America 619(1)
United Kingdom and Europe 620(2)
Middle East 622(1)
Asia 622(1)
Forensic Nursing in the U.S. Military 623(3)
Services
Historical Background 624(1)
Training and Education 624(1)
Mortuary Affairs and Forensic Pathology 625(1)
Boundaries in Practice 626(2)
Public Expectations 627(1)
Horizons for the Forensic Nurse 627(1)
Innovations in Forensic Nursing Service 628(1)
Delivery
Summary 628(1)
The Future 628(1)
References 628(2)
APPENDIXES
A International Association Of Forensic 630(1)
Nurses Vision of Ethical Practice
B Nursing Diagnoses For Forensic Nursing 631(1)
Problems and Issues
C Procedures For Sexual Assault 632(2)
Examination For Male Victims
Index 634