仮定法の条件節:言語学的分析<br>Subjunctive Conditionals : A Linguistic Analysis (Linguistic Inquiry Monographs)

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仮定法の条件節:言語学的分析
Subjunctive Conditionals : A Linguistic Analysis (Linguistic Inquiry Monographs)

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 159 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780262519649
  • DDC分類 415.6

Full Description


In this book, Michela Ippolito proposes a compositional semantics for subjunctive (or would) conditionals in English that accounts for their felicity conditions and the constraints on the satisfaction of their presuppositions by capitalizing on the occurrence of past tense morphology in both antecedent and consequent clauses. Very little of the extensive literature on subjunctive conditionals tries to account for the meaning of these sentences compositionally or to relate this meaning to their linguistic form; this book fills that gap, connecting the different lines of research on conditionals. Ippolito's proposal will be of interest both to linguists and to philosophers concerned with conditionals and modality more generally.Ippolito reviews previous analyses of counterfactuals and subjunctive conditionals in the work of David Lewis, Robert Stalnaker, Angelika Kratzer, and others; considers the contrast between future simple past subjunctive conditionals and future past perfect subjunctive conditionals; presents a proposal for subjunctive conditionals that addresses puzzles left unsolved by previous proposals; reviews a number of presupposition triggers showing that they fit the pattern predicted by her proposal; and discusses an asymmetry between the past and the future among subjunctive conditionals, arguing that the best account of our linguistic intuitions must include an indeterministic view of the world.

Table of Contents

Series Foreword                                    ix
Preface xi
1 Introduction 1 (20)
1.1 What Are Subjunctive Conditionals? 1 (5)
1.2 Counterfactuals and Possible Worlds 6 (5)
1.3 Doubly Relative Modality 11 (5)
1.4 The Pragmatics of Subjunctive 16 (5)
Conditionals
2 Temporal Mismatches in Subjunctive 21 (32)
Conditionals
2.1 Future Counterfactuals 21 (2)
2.2 Temporal Mismatches 23 (4)
2.3 Ogihara's Proposal 27 (4)
2.4 Is Aspect the Key Ingredient? 31 (9)
2.5 Counterfactuals and Presuppositions 40 (5)
2.6 The Temporal Structure of Subjunctive 45 (8)
Conditionals
3 A Compositional Analysis 53 (64)
3.1 The Facts 53 (3)
3.2 A Bare Conditional 56 (2)
3.3 Simple Past Subjunctive Conditionals 58 (21)
3.4 Past Perfect Subjunctive Conditionals 79 (13)
3.5 The Temporal Interpretation of 92 (10)
Antecedent and Consequent Clauses
3.6 Past-as-Past Proposals 102(10)
3.7 Potential Repercussions of the 112(5)
Present Proposal for Will-Conditionals
4 Presuppositions 117(14)
4.1 Definite Determiners 118(3)
4.2 Additive Presuppositions 121(2)
4.3 Change-of-State Verbs 123(4)
4.4 Factive Verbs 127(1)
4.5 Cleft-Sentences 128(3)
5 An Asymmetry between the Past and the 131(6)
Future
6 Conclusion 137(4)
Notes 141(10)
References 151(6)
Index 157